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Book 1 – Purification

by I Need Allah

Chapter 1: Observing Privacy when releiving oneself


Book 1, Number 0001:

Narrated Mughirah ibn Shu’bah:

When the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) went (outside) to relieve himself, he went to a far-off place.


Book 1, Number 0002:

Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:

When the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) felt the need of relieving himself, he went far off where no one could see him.


Chapter 2: One should seek soft ground for urination


Book 1, Number 0003:

Narrated Abu Musa:

Abu al-Tayyah reported on the authority of a shaykh (an old man): When Abdullah ibn Abbas came to Basrah, people narrated to him traditions from AbuMusa. Therefore Ibn Abbas wrote to him asking him about certain things. In reply AbuMusa wrote to him saying: One day I was in the company of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). He wanted to urinate. Then he came to a soft ground at the foot of a wall and urinated. He (the Prophet) then said: If any of you wants to urinate, he should look for a place (like this) for his urination.


Chapter 3: What should a man utter while entering the privy


Book 1, Number 0004:

Narrated Anas b. Malik:

When the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) entered the toilet, he used to say (before entering) : “O Allah, I seek refuge in thee.”

This is according to the version of Hammad. ‘Abd al-Warith has another version : “I seek refuge in Allah form male and female devils.”

Explaining the variance of the version Abu Dawud says : Shu’bah on the authority of ‘Abd al-‘Aziz narrated: “O Allah, I seek refuge in Thee,” and sometimes he reported: “I take refuge in Allah.” Wuhaib (b. Khalid) (on the authority of ‘Abd al-‘Aziz) narrated: One should take refuge in Allah.


Book 1, Number 0005:

Narrated Anas:

Another tradition on the authority of Anas has: “O Allah, I seek refuge in Thee.”


Book 1, Number 0006:

Narrated Zayd ibn Arqam:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: These privies are frequented by the jinns and devils. So when anyone amongst you goes there, he should say: “I seek refuge in Allah from male and female devils.”


Chapter 4: Disapproval of facing the Qibla while releiving oneself


Book 1, Number 0007:

Narrated Salman al-Farsi:

It was said to Salman: Your Prophet teaches you everything, even about excrement. He replied: Yes. He has forbidden us to face the qiblah at the time of easing or urinating, and cleansing with right hand, and cleansing with less than three stones, or cleansing with dung or bone.


Book 1, Number 0008:

Narrated Abu Hurairah:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: “I am like a father to you. When any of you goes to the privy, he should not face or turn his back towards the qiblah. He should not cleanse with his right hand.


Book 1, Number 0009:

Narrated Abu Ayyub:

The Holy Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said:”When you go to the privy, neither turn your face nor your back towards the qibla at the time of excretion or urination, but turn towards the east or the west. (Abu Ayyub) said: When we came to syria, we found that the toilets already built were facing the qiblah. We turned our faces away from them and begged pardon of Allah.


Book 1, Number 0010:

Narrated Ma’qil ibn AbuMa’qil al-Asadi:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) has forbidden us to face the two qiblahs at the time of urination or excretion.


Book 1, Number 0011:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:

Marwan al-Asfar said: I saw Ibn Umar make his camel kneel down facing the qiblah, then he sat down urinating in its direction. So I said: AbuAbdurRahman, has this not been forbidden? He replied: Why not, that was forbidden only in open country; but when there is something between you and the qiblah that conceals you , then there is no harm.


Chapter 5: Permission to face the Qiblah while releiving oneself


Book 1, Number 0012:

Narrated ‘Abd Allah b. ‘Umar:

I ascended the roof of the house and saw the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) sitting on two bricks facing Jerusalem (Bait al-Maqdis) for releiving himself.


Book 1, Number 0013:

Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:

The Prophet of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) forbade us to face the qiblah at the time of making water. Then I saw him facing it (qiblah) urinating or easing himself one year before his death.


Chapter 6: How to uncover the private parts of the body


Book 1, Number 0014:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:

When the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) wanted to relieve himself, he would not raise his garment, until he lowered himself near the ground.


Chapter 7: Disapproval of conversation in the privy


Book 1, Number 0015:

Narrated Abu Sa’id al-Khudri:

I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) say: When two persons go together for relieving themselves uncovering their private parts and talking together, Allah, the Great and Majestic, becomes wrathful at this (action).


Chapter 8: Return of salutation at the time of urination


Book 1, Number 0016:

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar:

A man passed by the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) while he was urinating, and saluted him. The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) did not return the salutation to him.


Book 1, Number 0017:

Narrated Muhajir ibn Qunfudh:

Muhajir came to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) while he was urinating. He saluted him. The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) did not return the salutation to him until he performed ablution. He then apologised to him, saying: I disliked remembering Allah except in the state of purification.


Chapter 9: One may remember Allah without Purification


Book 1, Number 0018:

Narrated ‘A’isha:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) used to remember Allah, the Great and Majestic, at all moments.


Chapter 10: Entering the privy with a ring in the hand on which is inscribed the name of Allah


Book 1, Number 0019:

Narrated Anas ibn Malik:

When the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) entered the privy, he removed his ring.


Chapter 11: Safeguarding oneself from urine


Book 1, Number 0020:

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) passed by two graves. He said: Both (the dead) are being punished, but they are not being punished for a major (sin). One did not safeguard himself from urine. The other carried tales. He then called for a fresh twig and split it into two parts and planted one part on each grave and said: Perhaps their punishment may be mitigated as long as the twigs remain fresh.

Another version of Hammad has: “One of them did not cover himself while urinating.” The version does not have the words: “He did not safeguard himself from urine.”


Book 1, Number 0021:

Ibn ‘Abbas also reported a tradition from the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) conveying the simmilar meaning.

The version of Jarir has the wording: “he did not cover himself while urinating.”

The version of Abu Mu’awiyah has the wording: “he did not safeguard himself (from urine).”


Book 1, Number 0022:

Narrated Amr ibn al-‘As:

Abdur Rahman ibn Hasanah reported: I and Amr ibn al-‘As went to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him). He came out with a leather shield (in his hand). He covered himself with it and urinated. Then we said: Look at him. He is urinating as a woman does. The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him), heard this and said: Do you not know what befell a person from amongst Banu Isra’il (the children of Israel)? When urine fell on them, they would cut off the place where the urine fell; but he (that person) forbade them (to do so), and was punished in his grave.


Chapter 12: Urinating while one is standing


Book 1, Number 0023:

Narrated Hudhaifah:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) came to a midden of some people and urinated while standing. He then asked for water and wiped his shoes.

Abu Dawud said: Musaddad, a narator, reported: I went far away from him. He then called me and I reached just near his heals.


Chapter 13: A man may urinate in a vessel at night and keep it with him


Book 1, Number 0024:

Narrated Umaymah daughter of Ruqayqah:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) had a wooden vessel under his bed in which he would urinate at night.


Chapter 14: Places where urinating is prohibited


Book 1, Number 0025:

Narrated Abu Hurairah:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Be on your guard against two things which provoke cursing. They (the hearers) said: Prophet of Allah, what are these things which provoke cursing? He said: Easing in throughfares (where people walk) or under the shade (of the trees) (where they take shelter and rest).


Book 1, Number 0026:

Narrated Mu’adh ibn Jabal:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: Be on your guard against three things which provoke cursing: easing in the watering places and on the thoroughfares, and in the shade (of the tree).


Chapter 15: Urinating in the bath


Book 1, Number 0027:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Mughaffal:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: No one of you should make water in his bath and then wash himself there (after urination).

The version of Ahmad has: Then performs ablution there, for evil thoughts come from it.


Book 1, Number 0028:

Narrated A Man from the Companions:

Humayd al-Himyari said: I met a man (Companion of the Prophet) who remained in the company of the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) just as AbuHurayrah remained in his company. He then added: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) forbade that anyone amongst us should comb (his hair) every day or urinate in the place where he takes a bath.


Chapter 16: Prohibition to urinate in a hole


Book 1, Number 0029:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Sarjis:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) prohibited to urinate in a hole.


Chapter 17: What a man should utter when he comes out of the privy


Book 1, Number 0030:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:

When the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) came out of the privy, he used to say: “Grant me Thy forgiveness.”


Chapter 18: Disapproval of touching the penis with the right hand while purifying


Book 1, Number 0031:

Narrated Abu Qatadah:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: when anyone of you urinates, he must not touch his penis with his right hand, and when he goes out to releive himself he must not wipe himself with his right hand (in the privy) and when he drink, he must not drink in one breath.


Book 1, Number 0032:

Narrated Hafsah, Ummul Mu’minin:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) used his right hand for taking his food and drink and used his left hand for other purposes.


Book 1, Number 0033:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) used his right hand for getting water for ablution and taking food, and his left hand for his evacuation and for anything repugnant.


Book 1, Number 0034:

‘A’isha, Ummul Mu’minin also reported a tradition bearing similar meaning through another chain of transmitters.


Chapter 19: Taking cover at the time of releiving oneself


Book 1, Number 0035:

Narrated Abu Hurayrah:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: If anyone applies collyrium, he should do it an odd number of times. If he does so, he has done well; but if not, there is no harm. If anyone cleanses himself with pebbles, he should use an odd number. If he does so, he has done well; but if not, there is no harm.

If anyone eats, he should throw away what he removes with a toothpick and swallow what sticks to his tongue. If he does so, he has done well; if not, there is no harm. If anyone goes to relieve himself, he should conceal himself, and if all he can do is to collect a heap of send, he should sit with his back to it, for the devil makes sport with the posteriors of the children of Adam. If he does so, he has done well; but if not, there is no harm.


Chapter 20: Things with which cleansing after easing oneself is forbidden


Book 1, Number 0036:

Narrated Ruwayfi’ ibn Thabit:

Shayban al-Qatbani reported that Maslamah ibn Mukhallad made Ruwayfi’ ibn Thabit the governor of the lower parts (of Egypt). He added: We travelled with him from Kum Sharik to Alqamah or from Alqamah to Kum Sharik (the narrator doubts) for Alqam.

Ruwayfi’ said: Any one of us would borrow a camel during the lifetime of the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) from the other, on condition that he would give him half the booty, and the other half he would retain himself.

Further, one of us received an arrowhead and a feather, and the other an arrow-shaft as a share from the booty.

He then reported: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: You may live for a long time after I am gone, Ruwayfi’, so, tell people that if anyone ties his beard or wears round his neck a string to ward off the evil eye, or cleanses himself with animal dung or bone, Muhammad has nothing to do with him.


Book 1, Number 0037:

This tradition has also been narrated by Abu Salim al-Jaishani on the authority of ‘Abd Allah b. Amr. He narrated this tradition at the time when he beseiged the fort at the gate of Alyun.

Abu Dawud said: The fort of Alyun lies at the mountain in Fustat. Abu Dawud said: The kunyah (surname) of Shaiban b. Ummayyah is Abu Hudhaifah.


Book 1, Number 0038:

Narrated Jabir b. ‘Abd Allah:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) forbade us to use a bone or dung for wiping.


Book 1, Number 0039:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas’ud:

A deputation of the jinn came to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) and said: O Muhammad, forbid your community to cleans themselves with a bone or dung or charcoal, for in them Allah has provided sustenance for us. So the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) forbade them to do so.


Chapter 21: Cleansing with stones


Book 1, Number 0040:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: When any of you goes to relieve himself, he should take with him three stones to cleans himself, for they will be enough for him.


Book 1, Number 0041:

Narrated Khuzaymah ibn Thabit:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) was asked about cleansing (after relieving oneself). He said: (One should cleanse oneself) with three stones which should be free from dung.


Chapter 22: Performing ablution after releiving oneself


Book 1, Number 0042:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) urinated and Umar was standing behind him with a jug of water. He said: What is this, Umar? He replied: Water for you to perform ablution with. He said: I have not been commanded to perform ablution every time I urinate. If I were to do so, it would become a sunnah.


Chapter 23: Cleansing with water after releiving oneself


Book 1, Number 0043:

Narrated Anas b. Malik:

The Apostle of allah (peace_be_upon_him) entered a park. He was accompanied by a boy who had a jug of water with him. He was the youngest of us. He placed it near the lote-tree. He (the Prophet) releived himself. He came to us after he had cleansed himself with water.


Book 1, Number 0044:

Narrated Abu Hurayrah:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: The following verse was revealed in connection with the people of Quba’: “In it are men who love to be purified” (ix.108). He (AbuHurayrah) said: They used to cleanse themselves with water after easing. So the verse was revealed in connection with them.


Chapter 24: Wiping one’s hand on the ground after easing


Book 1, Number 0045:

Narrated Abu Hurayrah:

When the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) went to the privy, I took to him some water in a small vessel or a skin, and he cleansed himself. He then wiped his hand on the ground. I then took to him another vessel for ablution.

Abu Dawud said: The tradition transmitted by al-Aswad b. ‘Amir is more perfect.


Chapter 25: The tooth-stick


Book 1, Number 0046:

Narrated Abu Hurairah:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Were it not that I might overburden the beleivers, I would order them to delay the night (‘isha) prayer and use the tooth-stick at the time of every prayer.


Book 1, Number 0047:

Narrated Zayd ibn Khalid al-Juhani:

I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) say: Were it not hard on my ummah, I would order them to use the tooth-stick at the time of every prayer. AbuSalamah said: Zayd ibn Khalid used to attend the prayers in the mosque with his tooth-stick on his ear where a clerk carries a pen, and whenever he got up for prayer he used it.


Book 1, Number 0048:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Hanzalah ibn AbuAmir:

Muhammad ibn Yahya ibn Habban asked Abdullah ibn Abdullah ibn Umar about the reason for Ibn Umar’s performing ablution for every prayer, whether he was with or without ablution.

He replied: Asma’, daughter of Zayd ibn al-Khattab, reported to me that Abdullah ibn Hanzalah ibn AbuAmir narrated to her that the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) was earlier commanded to perform ablution for every prayer whether or not he was with ablution.

When it became a burden for him, he was ordered to use tooth-stick for every prayer. As Ibn Umar thought that he had the strength (to perform the ablution for every prayer), he did not give up performing ablution for every prayer.


Chapter 26: How to use the tooth-stick


Book 1, Number 0049:

Narrated Abu Burdah on the authority of his father( Abu Musa al-Ashari) (according to the version of Musaddad):

We came to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) to provide us with a mount, and found him using the tooth-stick, its one end being at his tongue (i.e. he was rinsing his mouth).

According to the version of Sulaiman it goes: I entered upon the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) who was using the tooth-stick and had placed it at one side of his tongue, producing a gurgling sound.

Abu Dawud said: Musaddad said that the tradition was leangthy but he shortened it.


Chapter 27: Using other’s tooth-stick


Book 1, Number 0050:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) was using the tooth-stick, when two men, one older than the other, were with him. A revelation came to him about the merit of using the tooth-stick. He was asked to show proper respect and give it to the elder of the two.


Chapter 28: The washing of the tooth-stick


Book 1, Number 0051:

Narrated ‘Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) was accustomed to use the tooth-stick and then give it to me to wash it. I would first use it myself, then wash it and hand it over to him.


Chapter 29: Using tooth-stick is one of the characteristics of fitrah (nature)


Book 1, Number 0052:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: Ten are the acts according to fitrah (nature): clipping the moustache, letting the beard grow, using the tooth-stick, cutting the nails, washing the finger joints, plucking the hair under the arm-pits, shaving the pubes, and cleansing one’s private parts (after easing or urinating) with water. The narrator said: I have forgotten the tenth, but it may have been rinsing the mouth.


Book 1, Number 0053:

Narrated ‘Ammar b. Yasir:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: The rinsing of the mouth and snuffing up water in the nose are acts that bear the characteristics of fitrah(nature). He then narrated a simmilar tradition (as reported by ‘Aisha), but he did not mention the words “letting the beard grow.” He added the words “circumcision” and “sprinkling water on the private part of the body.”He did not mention the words “cleansing oneself after easing.”

Abu Dawud said: A simmilar tradition has been reported on the authority of Ibn ‘Abbas. He mentioned only five sunnahs all relating to the head, one of them being parting of the hair; it did not include the wearing of the beard.

Abu Dawud said: The tradition as reported by Hammad has also been transmitted by Talq b. Habib, Mujahid, and Bakr b. ‘Abd Allah b. al-Muzani as their own statement (not as a tradition of the Prophet). They did not mention the words “leting the beard grow). The version transmitted by Muhammad b. ‘Abd Allah b. Abi Maryam, Abu Salamah, and Abu Hurairah from the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) mentions the words “letting the beard grow.” A similar tradition has been reported by Ibrahim al-Nakha’i. He mentioned the words “wearinf the beard and circumcision.”


Chapter 30: Using tooth-stick after getting up during the night


Book 1, Number 0054:

Narrated Hudhaifah:

When the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) got up during the night (to pray), he cleansed his mouth with the tooth-stick.


Book 1, Number 0055:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:

Ablution water and tooth-stick were placed by the side of the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him). When he got up during the night (for prayer), he relieved himself, then he used the tooth-stick.


Book 1, Number 0056:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) did not get up after sleeping by night or by day without using the tooth-stick before performing ablution.


Book 1, Number 0057:

Narrated Ibn Abbas:

I spent a night with the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him). When he woke up from his sleep (in the later part of the night for prayer) he came to his ablution water. He took the toothstick and used it. He then recited the verse: “Verily in the creation of the heavens and the earth and the alternation of the night and the day are tokens (of His Soverignity) for men of understanding” (Quran iii. 190). He then recited these verses almost upto the end of the chapter or he finished the whole chapter. He then performed ablution and came to the place of prayer. He then said two rak’ahs of prayer. He then lay down on the bed and slept as much as Allah wished. He then got up and did the same. He then lay down and slept. He then got up and did the same. Everytime he used the tooth-stick and offered two rak’ahs of prayer. He then offered the prayer known as witr.

Abu Dawud said: Fudail on the Authority of Husain reported the wording: He then used the tooth-stick and performed ablution while he was reciting the verses: “Verily in the creation of the heavens and the earth…” until he finished the chapter.


Chapter 31: …


Book 1, Number 0058:

Narrated Shuraih (b. Hani):

I asked ‘A’ishah : What did the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) do first when he entered his house? She replied: He used the tooth-stick.


Chapter 32: Ablution is obligatory for prayer


Book 1, Number 0059:

Narrated Abu al-Malih:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Allah does not accept charity from goods acquired by embezzlement as He does not accept prayer without purification.


Book 1, Number 0060:

Narrated Abu Hurairah:

The Apostle of Allah( may peace be upon him) said: Allah, the Exhalted, does not accept the prayer of any one of you when you are defiled until you perform ablution.


Book 1, Number 0061:

Narrated Ali ibn Abu Talib:

The key to prayer is purification; its beginning is takbir and its end is taslim.


Chapter 33: A man may renew the ablution without defilement


Book 1, Number 0062:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:

Abu Ghutayf al-Hudhali reported: I was in the company of Ibn Umar. When the call was made for the noon (zuhr) prayer, he performed ablution and said the prayer. When the call for the afternoon (‘asr) prayer was made, he again performed ablution. Thus I asked him (about the reason of performing ablution). He replied: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: For a man who performs ablution in a state of purity, ten virtuous deeds will be recorded (in his favour).

Abu Dawud said: This is the tradition narrated by Musaddad, and it is more perfect.


Chapter 34: Things that pollute water


Book 1, Number 0063:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him), was asked about water (in desert country) and what is frequented by animals and wild beasts. He replied: When there is enough water to fill two pitchers, it bears no impurity.


Book 1, Number 0064:

Narrated ‘Abd Allah b. ‘Umar:

The Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him), was asked about water in desert.He then narrated a simmilar tradition (as mentioned above).


Book 1, Number 0065:

Narrated ‘Abd Allah b. ‘Umar:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: When there is enough water to fill two pitchers, it does not become impure.

Abu Dawud said: Hammad b. Zaid has narrated this tradition on the authority of ‘Asim (without any reference to the Prophet).


Chapter 35: On the well called Buda’ah


Book 1, Number 0066:

Narrated Abu Sa’id al-Khudri:

The people asked the Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him): Can we perform ablution out of the well of Buda’ah, which is a well into which menstrual clothes, dead dogs and stinking things were thrown? He replied: Water is pure and is not defiled by anything.


Book 1, Number 0067:

Narrated Abu Sa’id al-Khudri:

I heard that the people asked the Prophet of Allah (peace_be_upon_him): Water is brought for you from the well of Buda’ah. It is a well in which dead dogs, menstrual clothes and excrement of people are thrown. The Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) replied: Verily water is pure and is not defiled by anything.


Chapter 36: The water left over after bath is not defiled


Book 1, Number 0068:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

One of the wives of the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) took a bath from a large bowl. The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) wanted to perform ablution or take from the water left over. She said to him: O Prophet of Allah, verily I was sexually defiled. The Prophet said: Water not defiled.


Chapter 37: Urinating in stagnant water


Book 1, Number 0069:

Narrated Abu Hurairah:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: None amongst you should urinate in standing water, and then wash in it.


Book 1, Number 0070:

Narrated Abu Hurayrah:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: None amongst you should urinate in standing water, then wash in it after sexual defilement.


Chapter 38: Performing ablution with water left over after a dog has drunk of it


Book 1, Number 0071:

Narrated Abu Hurairah:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: The purification of the utensil belonging to any one of you, after it has been licked by a dog, consists of washing it seven times, using sand in the first instance.

Abu Dawud said: A simmilar tradition has been narated by Abu Ayyub and Habib b. al-Shahid on the authority of Muhammad.


Book 1, Number 0072:

A simmilar tradition has been transmitted Abu Huriarah through a different chain of narrators. But this version has been narrated as a statement of Abu Hurairah himself and not attributed to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him). The version has the addition of the words: “If the cat licks (a utensil), it should be washed once.”


Book 1, Number 0073:

Narrated Abu Hurairah:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: When a dog licks a (thing contained in a) utensil you must wash it seven times, using earth (sand) for the seventh time.

Abu Dawud said: This tradition has been transmitted by another chain of narrators in which there is no mention of earth.


Book 1, Number 0074:

Narrated Ibn Mughaffal:

The Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) ordered the killing of the dogs, and then said: Why are they (people) after them (dogs)? – and then granted permission (to keep) the dog for hunting and for (the security) of the herd, and said: When the dog licks the utensil wash it seven times, and rub it with earth the eight time.

Abu Dawud said: Ibn Mughaffal narrated in a similar way.


Chapter 39: The left over of a cat


Book 1, Number 0075:

Narrated Abu Qatadah:

Kabshah, daughter of Ka’b ibn Malik and wife of Ibn AbuQatadah, reported: AbuQatadah visited (me) and I poured out water for him for ablution. A cat came and drank some of it and he tilted the vessel for it until it drank some of it. Kabshah said: He saw me looking at him; he asked me: Are you surprised, my niece? I said: Yes. He then reported the Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) as saying: It is not unclean; it is one of those (males or females) who go round among you.


Book 1, Number 0076:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:

Dawud ibn Salih ibn Dinar at-Tammar quoted his mother as saying that her mistress sent her with some pudding (harisah) to Aisha who was offering prayer. She made a sign to me to place it down. A cat came and ate some of it, but when Aisha finished her prayer, she ate from the place where the cat had eaten. She stated: The Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: It is not unclean: it is one of those who go round among you. She added: I saw the Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) performing ablution from the water left over by the cat.


Chapter 40: Permissibility of performing ablution with water left over by a woman


Book 1, Number 0077:

Narrated ‘Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:

I and the Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) took a bath from one vessel while we were sexually defiled.


Book 1, Number 0078:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:

My hands and the hands of the Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) alternated into one vessel while we performed ablution.


Book 1, Number 0079:

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar:

The males and the females during the time of Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) used to perform ablution from one vessel together.

The wording “from one vessel” occurs in the version of Musaddad.


Book 1, Number 0080:

Narrated ‘Abd Allah b. ‘Umar:

We (men and the women during the lifetime of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) used to perform ablution from one vessel. We all put our hands in it.


Chapter 38: Probhibition of washing with water left over by the male or the female


Book 1, Number 0081:

Narrated Humayd al-Himyari:

Humayd al-Himyari reported: I met a person (among the Companion of Prophet) who remained in the company of the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him)for four years as AbuHurayrah remained in his company. He reported: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) forbade that the female should wash with the water left over by the male, and that the male should wash with the left-over of the female.

The version of Musaddad adds: “That they both take the handful of water together.”


Book 1, Number 0082:

Narrated Hakam ibn Amr:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) forbade that the male should perform ablution with the water left over by the female.


Chapter 42: Performing ablution with sea water


Book 1, Number 0083:

Narrated Abu Hurayrah:

A man asked the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him): Messenger of Allah, we travel on the sea and take a small quantity of water with us. If we use this for ablution, we would suffer from thirst. Can we perform ablution with sea water? The Messenger (peace_be_upon_him) replied: Its water is pure and what dies in it is lawful food.


Chapter 43: Performing ablution with Nabidh


Book 1, Number 0084:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas’ud:

Abu Zayd quoted Abdullah ibn Mas’ud as saying that on the night when the jinn listened to the Qur’an the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: What is in your skin vessel? He said: I have some nabidh. He (the Holy Prophet) said: It consists of fresh dates and pure water.

Sulayman ibn Dawud reported the same version of this tradition on the authority of AbuZayd or Zayd. But Sharik said that Hammad did not mention the words “night of the jinn”.


Book 1, Number 0085:

Narrated ‘Alqamah:

I asked ‘Abd Allah b. Mas’ud : Which of you was in the company of the Messenger (peace_be_upon_him) on the night when the jinn attended him? He replied : None of us was with him.


Book 1, Number 0086:

It is reported that ‘Ata’ did not approve of performing ablution with milk and nabith and said: tayammum is more to my liking (than performing ablution with milk and nabith).


Book 1, Number 0087:

Narrated ‘Abu Khaldah:

I asked ‘Abu’l-‘Aliyah whether a person who is sexually defiled and has no water with him, but he has only nabith, can wash with it? He replied in negative.


Chapter 44: Can a man offer prayer while he is feeling the call of nature?


Book 1, Number 0088:

Narrated Abdullah ibn al-Arqam:

Urwah reported on the authority of his father that Abdullah ibn al-Arqam travelled for performing hajj (pilgrimage) or umrah. He was accompanied by the people whom he led in prayer. One day when he was leading them in the dawn (fajr) prayer, he said to them: One of you should come forward. He then went away to relieve himself. He said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) say: When any of you feels the need of relieving himself while the congregational prayer is ready, he should go to relieve himself.


Book 1, Number 0089:

Narrated ‘Abd Allah b. Muhammad:

We were in the company of ‘A’ishah. When her food was brought in, al-Qasim stoodd to say his prayer. Thereupon, ‘A’ishah said: I heard the Messenger (peace_be_upon_him) say: Prayer should not be offered in the presence of meals, nor at the moment when one is struggling with the two evils (i.e. when one is feeling the call of nature).


Book 1, Number 0090:

Narrated Thawban:

The Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: Three things one is not allowed to do: supplicating Allah specifically for himself and ignoring others while leading people in prayer; if he did so, he deceived them; looking inside a house before taking permission: if he did so, it is as if he entered the house, saying prayer while one is feeling the call of nature until one eases oneself.


Book 1, Number 0091:

Narrated Abu Hurairah:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: It is not permissible for a man who believes in Allah and in the Last Day that he should say the prayer while he is feeling the call of nature until he becomes light (by relieving himself).

Then the narrator Thawr b. Yazid transmitted a similar tradition with the following wording: “It is not permissible for a man who beleives in Allah and in the Last Day that he should lead the people in prayer but with their permission; and that he should not supplicate to Allah exclusively for himself leaving all others. If he does so, he violates the trust.”

Abu Dawud said: This is a tradition reported by the narrators of Syria; no other person has joined them in relating this tradition.


Chapter 45: The quantity of water that is desirable for ablution


Book 1, Number 0092:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) used to wash himself with a sa’ (of water) and perform ablution with a mudd (of water).


Book 1, Number 0093:

Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) used to take a bath with a sa’ (of water) and perform ablution with a mudd (of water)


Book 1, Number 0094:

Narrated Umm Umarah:

Habib al-Ansari reported: I heard Abbad ibn Tamim who reported on the authority of my grandmother, Umm Umarah, saying: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) wanted to perform ablution. A vessel containing 2/3 mudd of water was brought to him.


Book 1, Number 0095:

Narrated Anas:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) performed ablution with a vessel which contained two rotls (1-5 pounds) (of water) and took bath with a sa’ (of water).

Abu Dawud said: This tradition has been narrated on the authority of Anas through a different chain. This version narrates: “He performed ablution with one makkuh.” It makes no mention of two rotls.

Abu Dawud said: This tradition has also been narrated by Yahya b. Adam from Sharik. But the chain mentions Ibn Jabr b. ‘Atik instead of ‘Abd Allah b. Jabr.

Abu Dawud said: I heard Ahmad b. Hanbal say: One sa’ measures five rotls. It was the sa’ of Ibn Abi Dhib and also of the Prophet (may peace be upon him).


Chapter 46: Exceeding the limits in ablution


Book 1, Number 0096:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Mughaffal:

Abdullah heard his son praying to Allah: O Allah, I ask Thee a white palace on the right of Paradise when I enter it. He said: O my son, ask Allah for Paradise and seek refuge in Him from Hell-Fire, for I heard the Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) say: In this community there will be some people who will exceed the limits in purification as well as in supplication.


Chapter 47: Performing ablution in full


Book 1, Number 0097:

Narrated ‘Abd Allah b. ‘Amr:

The Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) saw some people (performing ablution) while their heels were dry. Hen then said: Woe to the heels because of Hell. Perform the ablution in full.


Chapter 48: Performing ablution with a brass vessel


Book 1, Number 0098:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:

I and the Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) used to take bath with a brass vessel.


Book 1, Number 0099:

This tradition has also been narrated on the authority of ‘A’ishah through a different chain.


Book 1, Number 0100:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Zayd:

The Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) came upon us. We brought water for him in a brass vessel and he performed ablution.


Chapter 49: The utterence of bismillah in the beginning of ablution


Book 1, Number 0101:

Narrated Abu Hurairah:

The Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: The prayer of a person who does not perform ablution is not valid, and the ablution of a person who does not mention the name of Allah (in the beginning) is not valid.


Book 1, Number 0102:

Explaining the tradition of the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) that ablution of a person who does not mention the name of Allah (in the beginning) is valid, Rabi’ah said: The tradition means that if a person performs ablution and takes a bath but does not have the intention to perform ablution for prayer and purify himself from sexual defilement, his ablution or bath is not valid.


Chapter 50: A man who puts his hands in the utensil before washing it


Book 1, Number 0103:

Narrated Abu Hurairah

The Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: When anyone amongst you wakes up from sleep at night, he should not put his hand in the utensil until he washed his hand three times, for he does not know where his hand was during the night.


Book 1, Number 0104:

This tradition has been reported by Abu Hurairah through another chain of transmitters. It adds: “twice or thrice.” This version does not mention Abu Razin.


Book 1, Number 0105:

Narrated Abu Hurairah

I heard the Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) say: “When any one of you wakes from sleep, he should not put his hand in the utensil until he washes it three times, for none of you knows where his hand remained during the night or where it went round.


Chapter 51: A man who puts his hands in the utensil before washing it


Book 1, Number 0106:

Narrated Humran b. Abban, the freed slave of ‘Uthman:

I saw ‘Uthman b. ‘Affan while he performed ablution. He poured water over his hands three times and then washed them. He then rinsed his mouth and then cleaned his nose with water (three times). He then washed his right arm uptp the elbow three times, then washed his left arm in a similar manner; then wiped his head; then washed his right foot three times, then his left foot in a similar manner, and then said: I saw the the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) performing ablution like this ablution of mine. Then he (the Prophet) said: He who performs ablution like this ablution of mine and then offered two Rak’ahs of prayer without allowing his thoughts to be distracted, Allah will pardon all his previous sins.


Book 1, Number 0107:

Narrated Humran:

I saw ‘Uthman b. ‘Affan performing ablution. He then narrated the same tradition. In this version there is no mention of rinsing of mouth and snuffing of water. This tradition adds: “He wiped his head three times. He then washed his feet three times. He then said: I saw the Apostle of Allah (peace-be_upon_him) performing ablution in this manner. He (the Prophet) said: He who performs ablution like this, it is sufficient for him. The narrator did not mention prayer (in this tradition).


Book 1, Number 0108:

Narrated ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Taimi:

Ibn Abi Mulaikah was asked about ablution. He called for water. A vessel was then brought to him. He inclined it towards his right hand (poured water over it). He the put it in water; then he rinsed his mouth three times and cleansed his nose with water three times, and washed his face three times. He then put his hand in water and took it out; he then wiped his head and ears, in and out only once. He then washed his feet, and said: Where are those who ask me to perform ablution? I saw the Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) performing ablution like that.

Abu Dawud said: All the sound traditions narrated by ‘Uthman indicate that head is to be wiped once, because they mentioned (the washing of each part in) ablution three times. In their versions of the tradition they mentioned the wording: “he wiped his head.” In this case they did not mention any number as they did in other cases.


Book 1, Number 0109:

Narrated Abu ‘Alqamah:

‘Uthman called for water and performed ablution. He then poured water with the right hand or the left hand; he then washed them upto the wrist; he rinsed the mouth and snuffed up water three times. The narrator mentioned that ‘Uthman washed each part three times. He then wiped head and washed his feet. He said: I saw the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) performing ab;ution as you saw me perform ablution. He the reported the tradition like that of al-Zuhri and completed it.


Book 1, Number 0110:

Narrated Shaqiq b. Salamah:

I saw ‘Uthman b. ‘Affan (perform ablution). He washed his forearms three times and washed his head thrice. He the said: I saw the Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) doing like that.

Abu Dawud said: Another version says: “He performed ablution three times only.”


Book 1, Number 0111:

Narrated Ali ibn Abu Talib:

Abdu Khayr said: Ali came upon us and he had already offered prayer. He called for water. We asked: What will you do with water when you have already offered prayer? – Perhaps to teach us. A utensil containing water and a wash-basin were brought (to him).

He poured water from the utensil on his right hand and washed both his hands three times, rinsed the mouth, snuffed up water and cleansed the nose three times. He then rinsed the mouth and snuffed up water with the same hand by which he took water. He then washed his face three times, and washed his right hand three times and washed his left hand three times. He then put his hand in water and wiped his head once.

He then washed his right foot thrice and left foot thrice, then said: If one is pleased to know the method of performing ablution of the Apostle of Allah, this is how he did it.


Book 1, Number 0112:

Narrated ‘Abd Khair:

‘Ali offered the dawn prayer and went out to Rahbah (a locality in Kufah). He called for water. A boy brought him a vessel containing water and a wash-basin. He held the vessel with his right hand and poured water over his left hand. He washed both his hands (to the wrist) three times. He then put his right hand in the vessel (to take water) and rinsed his mouth three times and snuffed up water three times. He then narrated almost the same tradition as narrated by Abu ‘Awanah. He then wiped his head, both its back and front sides, once. He then narrated the tradition in a like manner.


Book 1, Number 0113:

Narrated Malik b. Ghurfatah:

I heard ‘Abd Khair say: I saw a chair was brought to ‘Ali who sat on it. A vessel of water was then brought to him. He washed his hands three times; he then rinsed his mouth and snuffed up water with one handful of water. He then narrated the tradition completely.


Book 1, Number 0114:

Narrated Zirr b. Hubaish:

Zirr b. Hubaish said that he heard that ‘Ali was asked how the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) used to perform ablution. He then narrated the tradition and said: He wiped his head so much that drops (of water) were about to trickle down. He then washed his feet three times and said: “This is how the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) performed ablution.


Book 1, Number 0115:

Narrated ‘Abd al-Rahman b. Abi Laila:

I saw ‘Ali performing ablution. He washed his face three times and his hands three times and wiped his head once. Then he (‘Ali) said: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) used to perform ablution in this way.


Book 1, Number 0116:

Narrated Abu Hayyah:

I saw ‘Ali perform ablutio. He (Abu Hayyah) then described that ‘Ali went through every part of the ablution three times, i.e. he performed each detail of his ablution three times. He then wiped his head, then washed his feet up to the ankles. He then said: I wanted to show you how the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) performed ablution.


Book 1, Number 0117:

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas :

‘Ali b. Abi Talib entered upon me after he had passed water. He then called for water for ablution. We brought to him a vessel containing water, and placed it before him. He said: O Ibn ‘Abbas, may I not show you how the Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) used to perform ablution? I replied: Why not? He then inclined the vessel to his hand and washed it. He then put his right hand in the vessel and poured water over the other hand and washed his hands up to the wrist. He then rinsed his mouth and snuffed up water. He then put both of his hands to-gether in the water and took out a handful of water and threw it upon the face. He then inserted both of his thumbs in the front part of the ears. He did like that twice and thrice. He then took a handful of water and poured it over his forehead and left it running down his face. He then washed his forearms up to the elbows three times. He then wiped his head and the back of his ears. He then put both of his hands together in the water and took a ha4ldful of it and threw it on his foot. He had a shoe on his foot which he twisted (or washed) by throwing water; then he washed his other foot like that. Do you wash your foot while it is in the shoe? He replied: Yes, while it is in the shoe. This question and answer were repeated thrice.

Abu Dawud said: The version transmitted by Ibn Juraij from Shaibah is similar to the one narrated by ‘Ali. In this version Hajjaj reported on the authority of Ibn Juraij the wording: He wiped his head once. Ibn Wahb narrated from Ibn Juraij the wording: He wiped his head three times.


Book 1, Number 0118:

‘Amr b. Yahya al-Mazini reports on the authority of his father who asked ‘Abd Allah b. Zaid, the grandfather of ‘Amr b. Yahya al-Mazini: Can you show me how the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) performed ablution? ‘Abd Allah b. Zaid replied: Yes. He called for ablution water, poured it over his hands, and washed them; then he rinsed his mouth and snuffed up water in the nose three times; then he washed his face three times and washed his forearms up to elbows twice; then he wiped his head with both hands, moving them front and back of the head, beginning from his forehead, and moved them to the nape; then he pulled them back to the place from where he had started (wiping); then he washed his feet.


Book 1, Number 0119:

‘Abd Allah b. Zaid b. ‘Asim reported this tradition saying: He rinsed his mouth and snuffed up water from one hand, doing that three times.


Book 1, Number 0120:

Habban b. Wasi’ reported on the authority of his father who heard ‘Abd Allah b. Zaid al-‘Asim al-Mazini say that he saw the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) performing ablution. He then described his ablution saying: He wiped his head with water which was not what was left over after washing his hands (i.e. he wiped his head with clean water); then he washed his feet until he cleansed them.


Book 1, Number 0121:

Narrated Al-Miqdam ibn Ma’dikarib al-Kindi:

The ablution water was brought to the Messenger (peace_be_upon_him) and he performed ablution; he washed his hands up to wrists three times, then washed his forearms three times. He then rinsed his mouth and snuffed up water three times; then he wiped his head and ears inside and outside.


Book 1, Number 0122:

Narrated Al-Miqdam b. Ma’dikarib:

I saw the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) perform ablution. When he reached the stage of wiping his head, he placed his palms on the front of the head. Then he moved them until he reached the nape. He then returned them to the place from where he had started.


Book 1, Number 0123:

Another version says: He wiped his ears inside and outside. Hisham adds: He inserted his fingers into the ear holes.


Book 1, Number 0124:

Narrated Mu’awiyah:

Abu al-Azhar al-Mughirah ibn Farwah and Yazid ibn Abu Malik reported: Mu’awiyah performed ablution before the people, as he saw the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) performed ablution. When he reached the stage of wiping his head, he took a handful of water and poured it with his left hand over the middle of his head so much so that drops of water came down or almost came down. Then he wiped (his head) from its front to its back and from its back to its front.


Book 1, Number 0125:

Another version says: He performed each part of the ablution three times and washed his feet without number.


Book 1, Number 0126:

Narrated Ar-Rubayyi’ daughter of Mu’awwidh ibn Afra’:

The Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) used to come to us. He once said: Pour ablution water on me. She then described how the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) performed ablution saying: He washed his hands up to wrist three times and washed his face three times, and rinsed his mouth and snuffed up water once. Then he washed his forearms three times and wiped his head twice beginning from the back of his head, then wiped its front. He wiped his ears outside and inside. Then he washed his feet three times.

Abu Dawud said: The tradition narrated by Musaddad carries the same meaning.


Book 1, Number 0127:

Ibn ‘Uqail reported this tradition with a slight change of wording. In his tradition he said: He rinsed his mouth three times and snuffed up water three times.


Book 1, Number 0128:

Narrated Al-Rubayyi’ daughter of Mu’awwidh b. ‘Afra’:

The Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) performed ablution in her presence. He wiped the whole of his head from its upper to the lower part moving every side. He did not move the hair from their original position.


Book 1, Number 0129:

Narrated Al-Rubayyi’ daughter of Mu’awwidh b. ‘Afra’:

I saw the Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) performing ablution. He wiped his head front and back, his temples and his ears once.


Book 1, Number 0130:

Narrated Al-Rubayyi’:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) wiped his head with water which was left over in his hand.


Book 1, Number 0131:

Narrated Ar-Rubayyi’ daughter of Mu’awwidh ibn Afra’:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) performed ablution. He inserted his two fingers in the ear-holes.


Book 1, Number 0132:

Narrated Talhah ibn Musarrif:

I saw the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) wiping his head once up to his nape.


Book 1, Number 0133:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

Sa’id ibn Jubayr reported: Ibn Abbas saw the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) performed ablution. He narrated the tradition which says that he (the Prophet) performed each detail of ablution three times. He wiped his head and ears once.


Book 1, Number 0134:

Narrated Abu Umamah:

Abu Umamah mentioned how the Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) performed ablution, saying that he used to wipe the corners of his eyes, and he said that the ears are treated as part of the head.


Chapter 52: Washing the limbs in ablution three times


Book 1, Number 0135:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-‘As:

A man came to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) and asked him: Messenger of Allah, how is the ablution (to performed)?

He (the Prophet) then called for water in a vessel and washed his hands up to the wrists three times, then washed his face three times, and washed his forearms three times. He then wiped his head and inserted both his index fingers in his ear-holes; he wiped the back of his ears with his thumbs and the front of his ears with the index fingers. He then washed his feet three times.

Then he said: This is how ablution should be performed. If anyone does more or less than this, he has done wrong and transgressed, or (said) transgressed and done wrong.


Chapter 53: Washing the limbs in ablution twice


Book 1, Number 0136:

Narrated Abu Hurairah:

The Prophet (peace be upon him) washed the limbs in ablution twice.


Book 1, Number 0137:

Narrated ‘Ata b. Yasar quoting Ibn ‘Abbas:

Do you like that I should show you how the Messenger (peace be upon him) performed ablution? He then called for a vessel of water and took a handful of water with his right hand. He then rinsed his mouth and snuffed up water. He then took out another handful of water and washed his face by both his hands together. He then took out another handful of water and washed his right hand and then washed his left hand by taking out another. He then took out some water and shook his hand and wiped his head and ears with it. He then took out a handful of water and sprinkled it over his right foot in his shoe and wiped the upper part of the foot with one hand, and beneath the shoe with his other hand. He then did the same with his left foot.


Chapter 54: Washing the limbs in ablution once


Book 1, Number 0138:

Narrated ‘Ata b. Yasar quoting Ibn ‘Abbas:

May I not tell you how the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) performed ablution? He then performed ablution washing each limb only once.


Chapter 55: Distinction between rinsing the mouth and snuffing up water


Book 1, Number 0139:

Narrated Grandfather of Talhah:

I entered upon the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) while he was performing ablution, and the water was running down his face and beard to his chest. I saw him rinsing his mouth and snuffing up water separately.


Chapter 56: Ejecting mucus after snuffing up water


Book 1, Number 0140:

Narrated Abu Hurairah:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: When any of you performs ablution, he should snuff up water in his nose and eject mucus.


Book 1, Number 0141:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

The Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: Cleanse your nose well (after snuffing up water) twice or thrice.


Book 1, Number 0142:

Narrated Laqit ibn Sabirah:

I was the leader of the delegation of Banu al-Muntafiq or (the narrator doubted) I was among the delegation of Banu al-Muntafiq that came to the Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). When we reached the Prophet, we did not find him in his house. We found there Aisha, the Mother of the Believers. She ordered that a dish called Khazirah should be prepared for us. It was then prepared. A tray containing dates was then presented to us. (The narrator Qutaybah did not mention the word qina’, tray).

Then the Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) came. He asked: Has anything been served to you or ordered for you? We replied: Yes, Messenger of Allah. While we were sitting in the company of the Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) we suddenly saw that a shepherd was driving a herd of sheep to their fold. He had with him a newly-born lamb that was crying.

He (the Prophet) asked him: What did it bear, O so and so? He replied: A ewe. He then said: Slaughter for us in its place a sheep. Do not think that we are slaughtering it for you. We have one hundred sheep and we do not want their number to increase. Whenever a ewe is born, we slaughter a sheep in its place.

(The narrator says that the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) used the word la tahsabanna, do not think).

I (the narrator Laqit) then said: Messenger of Allah, I have a wife who has something (wrong) in her tongue, i.e. she is insolent. He said: Then divorce her. I said: Messenger of Allah, she had company with me and I have children from her. He said: Then ask her (to obey you). If there is something good in her, she will do so (obey); and do not beat your wife as you beat your slave-girl.

I said: Messenger of Allah, tell me about ablution. He said: Perform ablution in full and make the fingers go through the beard and snuff with water well except when you are fasting.


Book 1, Number 0143:

Laqit b. Sabirah reported that he was the leader of Banu’l – Muntafiq (name of tribe). He came to ‘A’ishah. He then narrated the tradition in a simillar manner. He said: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) then came shortly with rapid strides inclining forward. The narrator used the word ‘asidah (name of a dish) in this version instead of Khazirah.


Book 1, Number 0144:

The version of Ibn Juraij has the wording: “If you perform ablution, then rinse your mouth,”


Chapter 57: Making the water go through the beard by inserting fingers


Book 1, Number 0145:

Narrated Anas ibn Malik:

Whenever the Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) performed ablution, he took a handful of water, and, putting it under his chin, made it go through his beard, saying: Thus did my Lord command me.


Chapter 58: Wiping over the turban


Book 1, Number 0146:

Narrated Thawban:

The Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) sent out an expedition. They were affected by cold. When they returned to the Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him), he commanded them to wipe over turbans and stockings.


Book 1, Number 0147:

Narrated Anas ibn Malik:

I saw the Messenger (peace_be_upon_him) perform ablution. He had a Qutri turban. He inserted his hand beneath the turban and wiped over the forelock, and did not untie the turban.


Chapter 59: Washing the foot


Book 1, Number 0148:

Narrated Al-Mustawrid ibn Shaddad:

I saw the Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) rubbing his toes with his little finger when he performed ablution.


Chapter 60: Wiping over the shoes


Book 1, Number 0149:

Narrated Al-Mughirah b. Shu’bah:

I was in the company of the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) in the expedition of Tabuk. He abandoned the main road before the dawn prayer, and I also did the same along with him. The Prophet (may peace be upon him) made his camel kneel down and (went to) relieve himself. He then came back and I poured water upon his hands from the skin vessel. He then washed his hands and face. He tried to get his forearms out (of the gown), but the sleeves of the gown were too narrow, so he entered back both his hands, and brought them out from beneath the gown. He washed his forearms up to the elbows and wiped his head and wiped over his socks. He then mounted (his camel) and we began to proceed until we found people offering the prayer. They brought forward ‘Abd al-Rahman b. ‘Awf who was leading them in prayer, starting it at the proper time. He had already completed a rak’ah of the dawn prayer. The Prophet (may peace be upon him) stood in the row side by side with other Muslims. He performed the second rak’ah of the prayer behind ‘Abd al-Rahman b. ‘Awf. Then ‘Abd al–Rahman uttered salutation. The Prophet (may peace be upon him) stood to perform the remaining rak’ah of the prayer. The Muslims were alarmed. They began to utter tasbih (Subhan Allah) presuming that they had offered prayer before the Prophet (may peace be upon him) had done. When he uttered the salutation (i.e. finished his prayer), he said: You were right, or (he said) you did well.


Book 1, Number 0150:

Narrated Al-Mughirah b. Shu’bah :

The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) performed ablution and wiped his forelock and turban. Another version says: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) wiped his socks and his fore-lock and his turban.

Bakr said: I heard it from Ibn al-Mughirah.


Book 1, Number 0151:

‘Urwah b. al-Mughirah reported his father as saying: We accompanied the Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) to a caravan, and I had a jug of water. He went to relieve himself and came back. I came to him with the jug of water and poured upon him. He washed his hands and face. He had a tight-sleeved Syrian woolen gown. He tried to get his forearms out, but the sleeve of the gown was very nar-row, so he brought his hands out from under the gown. I then bent down to take off his socks. But he said to me: Leave them, for my feet were clean when I put them in, and he only wiped over them.’

Yunus said on the authority of al-Sha’bi that ‘Urwah narrated this tradition from his father before him, and his father reported it from the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him).


Book 1, Number 0152:

Narrated Al-Mughirah b. Shu’bah:

The Messenger of Allah (may peace b� upon him) lagged behind (in a journey). He then narrated this story saying : Then we came to the people. ‘Abd al-Rahman was leading thorn in the dawn prayer. When he perceived the presence of the Prophet (may peace be upon him), he intended to retire. The Prophet (may peace be upon him) asked him to continue and I and the Prophet (may peace be upon him) offered one rak’ah of prayer behind him. When he had pronounced the salutation, the Prophet (may peace be upon him) got up and offered the rak’ah which had been finished before, and he made no addition to it.

Abu Dawud said: Abu Sa’id al-Khudri, Ibn al-Zubair and Ibn ‘Umar hold the opinion that whoever gets an odd number of the rak’ahs of prayer, he should perform two prostrations on account of forgetfulness.


Book 1, Number 0153:

Abu ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Sulami said that he witnessed ‘Abd al-Rahman b. ‘Awf asking Bilal about the ablution of the Prophet (may peace be upon him). Bull said: He went out to relieve himself. Then I brought water for him and he performed ablution, and wiped over his turban and socks.


Book 1, Number 0154:

Narrated Abu Zur’ah b. ‘Amr b. Jarir:

Jarir urinated. He then performed ablution and wiped over the socks. He said: What can prevent me from wiping (over the socks); I saw the Messenger of Allah (doing so). They (the people) said: This (action of yours) might be valid before the revelation of Surat al-Ma’idah. He replied: I embraced Islam after the revelation of Surat al-Ma’idah.’


Book 1, Number 0155:

Narrated Abu Musa al-Ash’ari:

Negus presented to the Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) two black and simple socks. He put them on; then he performed ablution and wiped over them.


Book 1, Number 0156:

Narrated Al Mughirah b. Shu’bah:

The Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) wiped over the socks and I said: Messenger of Allah, have you forgotten? He said: My Lord has commanded me to do this.


Chapter 61: Time limit for wiping over the shoes


Book 1, Number 0157:

Narrated Khuzaymah ibn Thabit:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: The time limit for wiping over the socks for a traveller is three days (and three nights) and for a resident it is one day and one night.


Book 1, Number 0158:

Narrated Ubayy ibn Umarah:

I asked: Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) may I wipe over the socks? He replied: Yes. He asked: For one day? He replied: For one day. He again asked: And for two days? He replied: For two days too. He again asked: And for three days? He replied: Yes, as long as you wish.

Abu Dawud said: Another version says: He asked him about the period until he reached the period of seven days. The Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) replied: Yes, as long as you wish (i.e. there is no time limit.

Abu Dawud said: There is a variance in the chain of narrators of this tradition. The chain is not strong.

Another chain from Yahya b. Ayyub is also disputed.


Chapter 62: Wiping over the stockings


Book 1, Number 0159:

Narrated Al-Mughirah ibn Shu’bah:

The Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) performed ablution and wiped over the stockings and shoes.

Abu Dawud said: ‘Abd al-Rahman b. Mahdi did not narrate this tradition because the familiar version from al-Mughairah says that the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) wiped over the socks.

Abu Musa al-Ashari has also reported: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) wiped over the stockings. But the chain of narrators in this tradition is neither continious nor strong.

‘Ali b. Abi Talib, Ibn Mas’ud, al-Bara b. ‘Azib, Anas b. Malik, Abu Umamah, Sahl b. Sa’d and ‘Amr b. Huraith also wiped over the stockings.


Chapter 63:


Book 1, Number 0160:

Narrated Aws ibn Abu Aws ath-Thaqafi:

The Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) performed ablution and wiped over his shoes and feet.

Abbad (a sub-narrator) said: The Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) came to the well of a people. Musaddad did not mention the words Midat (a place where ablution is performed), and Kazamah (well). Then both agreed on the wording:”He performed ablution and wiped over his shoes and feet.”


Chapter 64: How to wipe over the socks


Book 1, Number 0161:

Narrated Al-Mughirah ibn Shu’bah:

The Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) wiped over the socks.

Another version adds: “On the back (upper part) of the socks.”


Book 1, Number 0162:

Narrated Ali ibn Abu Talib:

If the religion were based on opinion, it would be more important to wipe the under part of the shoe than the upper but I have seen the Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) wiping over the upper part of his shoes.


Book 1, Number 0163:

This taradition has been transmitted through a different chain of narrators. This version adds: “I have always prefered to wash the under part of the feet until I saw the Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) wiping the upper part of them.


Book 1, Number 0164:

A’mash transmitted this tradition saying: If the religion were based on opinion, it would be more proper to wipe the under part of the feet than the upper. The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) wiped over the upper part of his shoes.

The narrator Waki’ said: By feet he meant socks.

Another version says: I saw ‘Ali perform ablution and wash the upper part of his feet, and say: Had I not seen the Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) doing like this – and he narrated the tradition in full.


Book 1, Number 0165:

Narrated Al-Mughirah ibn Shu’bah:

I poured water while the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) performed ablution in the battle of Tabuk. He wiped over the upper part of the socks and their lower part.


Chapter 65: Sprinkling water on private parts of the body after ablution


Book 1, Number 0166:

Narrated Hakam ibn Sufyan ath-Thaqafi:

When the Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) urinated, he performed ablution and sprinkled water on private parts of the body.

Abu Dawud said: A group of scholars agreed with Sufyan upon this chain of narrators. Some have mentioned the name of Sufyan b. al-Hakam, and others al-Hakam b. Sufyan.


Book 1, Number 0167:

A man from Thaqif on the authority of his father reported: I saw the Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) urinate, and he sprinkled water on the private parts of his body.


Book 1, Number 0168:

Narrated Hakam or Ibn al-Hakam on the authority of his father:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) urinated; then he performed ablution and sprinkled water on the private parts of his body.


Chapter 66: What a man should say after ablution


Book 1, Number 0169:

Narrated ‘Uqbah b. ‘Amir:

We served ourselves in the company of the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him). We tended our camels by turn. One day I had my turn to tend the camels, and I drove them in the afternoon. I found the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) addressing the people. I heard him say: Anyone amongst you who performs ablution, and does it well, then he stands and offers two rak’ahs of prayer, concentrating on it with his heart and body, Paradise will be his lot by all means. I said: Ha-ha! How fine it is! A man in front of me said: The action (mentioned by the Prophet) earlier, O ‘Uqbah, is finer than this one. I looked at him and found him to be ‘Umar b. al-Khattab. I asked him: What is that, O Abu Hafs? He replied: He (the Prophet) had said before you came: If any one of you performs ablution, and does it well, and when he finishes the ablution, he utters the words : I bear witness that there is no deity except Allah, He has no asso-ciate, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His Servant and His Messenger, all the eight doors of Paradise will be opened for him; he may enter (through) any of them.

Mu’awiyah said: Rabi’ah b. Yazid narrated this tradition to me from Abu Idris on the authority of ‘Uqbah b. ‘Amir.


Book 1, Number 0170:

‘Uqbah b. ‘Amir al-Juhani narrated this tradition from the Prophet (may peace be upon him) in a similar way. He did not mention about tending the camels. After the words “and he performed ablution well” he added the words: “he then raises his eyes towards the sky”. He transmitted the tradition conveying the same meaning as that of Mu’awiyah.


Chapter 67: Offering various prayers with the same ablution


Book 1, Number 0171:

Narrated Abu Asad b. ‘Amr:

I asked Anas b. Malik about ablution. He replied: The Prophet (may peace be upon him) performed ablution for each prayer and we offered (many) prayers with the same ablution.


Book 1, Number 0172:

Buraidah on the authority of his father reported: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) performed five prayers with the same ablution on the occasion of the capture of Mecca, and he wiped over his socks. ‘Umar said to him (the Prophet): I saw you doing a thing today that you never did. He said: I did it deliberately.


Chapter 68: Leaving any spot dry in ablution


Book 1, Number 0173:

Narrated Anas:

A person came to the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him). He performed ablution and left a small part equal to the space of a nail upon his foot… The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said to him: Go back and perform ablution well.

Abu Dawud said: This tradition is not known through Jarir b. Hazim. It was transmitted only by Ibn Wahab.

Another version adds the wording: “Go back and perform the ablution well.”


Book 1, Number 0174:

Hasan narrated from the Prophet (may peace be upon him) a tradition conveying the same meaning as that of Qatadah.


Book 1, Number 0175:

Narrated Some Companions of the Prophet:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) saw a person offering prayer, and on the back of his foot a small part equal to the space of a dirham remained unwashed; the water did not reach it. The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) commanded him to repeat the ablution and prayer.


Chapter 69: A man who is sure of purification but doubts that something has rendered it invalid


Book 1, Number 0176:

Narrated ‘Abbad b. Tamim from his uncle:

A person made a complaint to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) that he entertained (doubt) as if something had happened to him which had rendered his ablution invalid. He (the Prophet) said: He should nor cease (to pray) unless he hears a sound or perceives a smell (of passing wind).


Book 1, Number 0177:

Narrated Abu Hurairah:

The Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: If anyone of you offers prayer and feels a movement between his paddocks, but is doubtful whether or not his ablution broke, he should not cease praying unless he hears a sound or perceives a smell.


Chapter 70: Ablution does not become void by kissing a woman


Book 1, Number 0178:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) kissed me and did not perform ablution.

Abu Dawud said: this tradition is Mursal (i.e. when the link of Companions is missing and the Succesor reports from the Prophet directly). Ibrahim al-Taimi did not hear anything from ‘A’ishah.

Abu Dawud said: Al-Firyabi and others narrated this tradition in a like manner.


Book 1, Number 0179:

Narrated ‘A’ishah:

The Prophet (may peace be upon him) kissed one of his wives and went out for saying prayer He did not perform ablution. ‘Urwah said: I said to her: Who is she except you! Thereupon she laughed. Abu Dawud said: The same version has been reported through a different chain of narrators.


Book 1, Number 0180:

This tradition has been transmitted through another chain of narrators on the authority of ‘A’ishah.

Abu Dawud said: Yahya b. Sa’id al-Qittan said to a person: Narrate these two traditions from me, that is to say, one tradition on the authority of al -A’mash from Habib (about kissing); another through the same chain about a woman who has a prolonged flow of blood and she is asked to perform ablution for every prayer.

Yahya said: Narrate from me that both these traditions are weak in respect of their chains.

Abu Dawud said: Al-Thawri is reported to have said: Habib narrated this tradition to us only on the authority of ‘Urwat al-Muzani, that is, he did not narrate any tradition on the authority of ‘Urwah b. al-Zubair.

Abu Dawud said: Hamzah at-Zayyat reported a sound tradition on the authority of Habib. from ‘Urwah b. al.Zubair ‘from ‘A’ishah.


Chapter 71: By touching the penis ablution becomes void


Book 1, Number 0181:

Narrated Busrah daughter of Safwan:

Abdullah ibn Abu Bakr reported that he heard Urwah say: I entered upon Marwan ibn al-Hakam. We mentioned things that render the ablution void. Marwan said: Does it become void by touching the penis? Urwah replied: This I do not know. Marwan said: Busrah daughter of Safwan reported to me that she heard the Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) say: He who touches his penis should perform ablution.


Chapter 72: Ablution is not necessary after touching the penis


Book 1, Number 0182:

Narrated Talq:

We came upon the Prophet of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). A man came to him: he seemed to be a bedouin. He said: Prophet of Allah, what do you think about a man who touches his penis after performing ablution? He (peace_be_upon_him) replied: That is only a part of his body.

Abu Dawud said: This tradition has been narratd through a different chain of narrators.


Book 1, Number 0183:

This tradition has also been reported by Qais b. Talq through a different chain of narrators. This version adds the wording: “during the prayer.”


Chapter 73: Performing ablution after eating the flesh of camel


Book 1, Number 0184:

Narrated Al-Bara’ ibn Azib:

The Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) was asked about performing ablution after eating the flesh of the camel. He replied: Perform ablution, after eating it. He was asked about performing ablution after eating meat. He replied: Do not perform ablution after eating it. He was asked about saying prayer in places where the camels lie down. He replied: Do not offer prayer in places where the camels lie down. These are the places of Satan. He was asked about saying prayer in the sheepfolds. He replied: You may offer prayer in such places; these are the places of blessing.


Chapter 74: Performing ablution after touching the flesh of an animal or washing it is not necessary


Book 1, Number 0185:

Narrated Abu Sa’id al-Khudri:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) passed by a boy who was skinning a goat. The Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: Give it up until I show you. He (the Prophet) inserted his hand between the skin and the flesh until it reached the armpit. He then went away and led the people in prayer and he did not perform ablution. The version of Amr added that he did not touch water.

Abu Dawud said: This tradition has been narrated through another chain of transmitters, making no mention of Abu Sa’id.


Chapter 75: Performing ablution is not necessay after touching a carcase


Book 1, Number 0186:

Narrated Jabir:

The Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) passed by the market when on his return from one of the villages of ‘Aliyah. People accompanied him from both sides. On the way he found a dead kid with both its ears joined together. He caught hold of it by its ear. He then said: Which of you likes to take it? The narrator transmitted the tradition in full.


Chapter 76: The performing of ablution is not essential when one takes something cooked with the help of fire


Book 1, Number 0187:

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas:

The Messenger of Allah (peace_be-upon_him) took (the meat of) a (goat’s) shoulder and offered prayer and did not perform ablution.


Book 1, Number 0188:

Narrated Al-Mughirah ibn Shu’bah:

One night I became the guest of the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him). He ordered that a piece of mutton be roasted, and it was roasted. He then took a knife and began to cut the meat with it for me. In the meantime Bilal came and called him for prayer. He threw the knife and said: What happened! may his hands be smeared with earth! He then stood for offering prayer.

Al-Anbari added: My moustaches became lengthy. He trimmed them by placing a took-stick; or he said: I shall trim your moustaches by placing the tooth-stick there.


Book 1, Number 0189:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

The Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) took a shoulder (of goat’s meat) and after wiping his hand with a cloth on which he was sitting, he got up and prayed.


Book 1, Number 0190:

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas:

The Prophet (may peace be upon him) ate a little meat from a (goat’s) shoulder. He then offered prayer and did not perform ablution.


Book 1, Number 0191:

Narrated Muhammad b. al-Munkadir:

I heard Jabir b. ‘Abd Allah say : I presented bread and meat to the Prophet (may peace be upon him). He ate them and called for ablution water. He performed ablution and offered the noon (zuhr) prayer. He then called for the remaining food and ate it. He then got up and prayed and did not perform ablution.


Book 1, Number 0192:

Narrated Jabir:

The last practice of the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) was that he did not perform ablution after taking anything that was cooked with the help of fire.


Book 1, Number 0193:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Harith ibn Jaz’:

One of the Companions of the Prophet (may peace be upon), came upon us in Egypt. When he was narrating traditions in the Mosque of Egypt, I heard him say: I was the seventh or the sixth person in the company of the Messenger of Allah ( peace be upon him) in the house of a person.

In the meantime Bilal came and called him for prayer. He came out and passed by a person who had his fire-pan on the fire. The Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said to him: Has the food in the fire-pan been cooked? He replied: Yes, my parents be sacrificed upon you. He then took a piece out of it and continued to chew it until he uttered the first takbir (AllahuAkbar) of the prayer. All this time I was looking at him.


Chapter 77: Strictness in performing ablution after eating anything cooked with help of fire


Book 1, Number 0194:

Narrated Abu Hurairah:

The Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: Perform ablution after eating anything which has been cooked by fire.


Book 1, Number 0195:

Narrated Umm Habibah:

Abu Sufyan ibn Sa’id ibn al-Mughirah reported that he entered upon Umm Habibah who presented him a glass of sawiq (a drink prepared with flour and water) to drink. He called for water and rinsed his mouth. She said: O my cousin, don’t you perform ablution? The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Perform ablution after eating anything cooked with fire, or he said: anything touched by fire.

Abu Dawud said: The version of al-Zuhri has: O my paternal cousin.


Chapter 78: Rinsing the mouth after drinking milk


Book 1, Number 0196:

Narrated ‘Abd Allah b. ‘Abbas:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) drank some milk and then rinsed his mouth saying: It contains greasiness.


Chapter 79: Rinsing the mouth after drinking milk is not necessary


Book 1, Number 0197:

Narrated Anas ibn Malik:

The Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) drank some milk and he did not rinse his mouth nor did he perform ablution, and he offered the prayer.


Chapter 80: Performing ablution is necessary because of bleeding


Book 1, Number 0198:

Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:

We proceeded in the company of the Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) for the battle of Dhat ar-Riqa. One of the Muslims killed the wife of one of the unbelievers. He (the husband of the woman killed) took an oath saying: I shall not rest until I kill one of the companions of Muhammad.

He went out following the footsteps of the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him). The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) encamped at a certain place. He said: Who will keep a watch on us? A person from the Muhajirun (Emigrants) and another from the Ansar (Helpers) responded. He said: Go to the mouth of the mountain-pass. When they went to the mouth of the mountain-pass the man from the Muhajirun lay down while the man from the Ansar stood praying.

The man (enemy) came to them. When he saw the person he realised that he was the watchman of the Muslims. He shot him with an arrow and hit the target. But he (took the arrow out and) threw it away. He (the enemy) then shot three arrows. Then he (the Muslim) bowed and prostrated and woke his companion. When he (the enemy) perceived that they (the Muslims) had become aware of his presence, he ran away.

When the man from the Muhajirun saw the (man from the Ansar) bleeding, he asked him: Glory be to Allah! Why did you not wake me up the first time when he shot at you.

He replied: I was busy reciting a chapter of the Qur’an. I did not like to leave it.


Chapter 81: Performing ablution after awaking from sleep


Book 1, Number 0199:

Narrated ‘Abd Allah b. ‘Umar:

One night the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) was busy and he delayed the night (‘isha’) prayer so much so that we dosed in the mosque. We awoke, then dozed, and again awoke and again dozed. He (the Prophet) then came upon us and said : There is none except you who is waiting for prayer.


Book 1, Number 0200:

Narrated Anas:

The Companions during the lifetime of the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) used to wait for the night prayer so much so that their heads were lowered down (by dozing). Then they offered prayer and did not perform ablution.

Abu Dawud said: Shubah on the authority of Qatadah added: We lowered down our heads (on account of dozing) in the day of the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him).

Abu Dawud said : This tradition has been narrated through a different chain of narrators.


Book 1, Number 0201:

Narrated Anas b. Malik :

(The people) stood up for the night prayer and a man stood up and spoke forth Apostle of Allah, I have to say something to you. He (the Prophet) entered into secret conversation with him, till the people or some of the people dozed off, and then he led them in prayer. He (Thabit al-Bunani) did not mention ablution.


Book 1, Number 0202:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) used to prostrate and sleep (in prostration) and produce puffing sounds (during sleep). Then he would stand and pray and would not perform ablution. I said to him: you prayed but did not perform ablution though you slept (in prostration). He replied: Ablution is necessary for one who sleeps while he is lying down. Uthman and Hannad added: For when he lies down, his joints are relaxed.

Abu Dawud said: The statement “ablution is necessary for one who sleeps while one is lying down” is a Munkar (rejected) tradition. It has been narrated only by Yazid Abu Khalid al-Dalani, on the authority of Qatadah. And its earlier part has been narrated by a group (of narrators) from lbn ‘Abbas; they did not mention anything about it. He (Ibn ‘Abbas) said: The Prophet (may peace be upon him) was protected (during his sleep). ‘A’ishah reported: The Prophet (may peace be upon him) said: My eyes sleep, but my heart does not sleep. Shu’bah said: Qatadah heard from Abu’l-‘Aliyah only four traditions: the tradition about Jonah son of Matthew, the tradition reported by Ibn Umar about prayer, the tradition stating that the judges are three, and the tradition narrated by Ibn ‘Abbas saying: (This tradition) has been narrated to me by reliable persons; ‘Umar is one of them, and the most reliable of them in my opinion is ‘Umar. Abu Dawud said: I asked Ahmad b. Hanbal about the tradition narrated by Yazid al-D�lini. He rebuked me out of respect for him. Then he said: Yazid al-Dalani does not add anything to what has been narrated by the teachers of Qatadah. He did not care for this tradition (due to its weakness).


Book 1, Number 0203:

Narrated Ali ibn Abu Talib:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: The eyes are the leather strap of the anus, so one who sleeps should perform ablution.


Chapter 82: A man who treads on unclean place


Book 1, Number 0204:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas’ud:

We would not wash our feet after treading on something unclean, nor would we hold our hair and garments (during prayer).


Chapter 83: On the breach of ablution during prayer


Book 1, Number 0205:

Narrated Ali ibn Talq:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: When any of you breaks wind during the prayer, he should turn away and perform ablution and repeat the prayer.


Chapter 84: On prostatic fluid (madhi)


Book 1, Number 0206:

Narrated ‘Ali:

My prostatic fluid flowed excessively. I used to take a bath until my back cracked (because of frequent washing). I mentioned it to the Prophet (may peace be upon him), or the fact was mentioned to him (by someone else). The Apos-tle of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: Do not do so. When you find pro-static fluid, wash your penis and perform ablution as you do for prayer, but when you have seminal emission, you should take a bath.”


Book 1, Number 0207:

Narrated Al-Miqdad ibn al-Aswad:

Ali ibn Abu Talib commanded him to ask the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) what a man should do when he wants to have intercourse with his wife and the prostatic fluid comes out (at this moment). (He said): I am ashamed of consulting him because of the position of his daughter. Al-Miqdad said: I asked the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) about it. He said: When any of you finds, he should wash his private part, and perform ablution as he does for prayer.


Book 1, Number 0208:

Narrated ‘Urwah :

‘Ali b. Abi Talib said to al-Miqdad, and made a similar statement as above. Al-Miqdad asked him (the Prophet). The Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: He should wash his penis and testicles.

Abu Dawud said: The tradition has been narrated by al-Thawri and a group of narrators from Hisham on the authority of his father from al-Miqdad, from ‘All reporting from the Prophet (may peace be upon him).


Book 1, Number 0209:

‘Urwah reported on the authority of his father a tradition from ‘All b. Abi Talib who said: I asked al-Miqdad (to consult the Prophet). He then narrated the tradition bearing the same meaning.

Abu Dawud said: This tradition has been reported with another chain of narrators. This version does not mention the word “testicles.”


Book 1, Number 0210:

Narrated Sahl ibn Hunayf:

I felt greatly distressed by the frequent flowing of prostatic fluid. For this reason I used to take a bath very often. I asked the apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) about this. He replied: Ablution will be sufficient for you because of this. I asked: Apostle of Allah, what should I do if it smears my clothes. He replied: It is sufficient if you take a handful of water and sprinkle it on your clothe when you find it has smeared it.


Book 1, Number 0211:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Sa’d al-Ansari:

I asked the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) as to what makes it necessary to take a bath and about the (prostatic) fluid that flows after taking a bath. He replied: that is called madhi (prostatic fluid). It flows from every male. You should wash your private parts and testicles because of it and perform ablution as you do for prayer.


Chapter 85: On mutual contract and eating with a menstruating woman


Book 1, Number 0212:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Sa’d al-Ansari:

Abdullah asked the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him): What is lawful for me to do with my wife when she is menstruating? He replied: What is above the waist-wrapper is lawful for you.

The narrator also mentioned (the lawfulness of) eating with a woman in menstruation, and he transmitted the tradition in full.


Book 1, Number 0213:

Narrated Mu’adh ibn Jabal:

I asked the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him): What is lawful for a man to do with his wife when she is menstruating? He replied: What is above the waist-wrapper, but it is better to abstain from it, too.

Abu Dawud said: This tradition is not strong.


Chapter 86: Bathing is obligatory after sexual intercourse without seminal emmision


Book 1, Number 0214:

Narrated Ubayy b. Ka’b:

The Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) made a concession in the early days of Islam on account of the paucity of clothes that one should not take a bath if one has sexual intercourse (and has no seminal emission). But later on he commanded to take a bath in such a case and prohibited its omission.


Book 1, Number 0215:

Narrated Ubayy b. Ka’b:

The verdict that water (bath) is necessary when there is emission given by the people (in the early days of Islam) was due to the concession granted by the Apostle of Allah in the beginning of Islam. He then com-manded to take a bath (in such a case).

Abu Dawud said: By Abu Ghass�n is meant Muhammad b. Mutarrif.


Book 1, Number 0216:

Abu Hurairah reported the Prophet (may peace be upon him) as saying: When anyone sits between the four parts of a woman and the parts (of the male and the female) which are circumscised join together, then bath becomes obligatory.


Book 1, Number 0217:

Narrated Abu Sa’id al-Khudri:

The Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: Water (bath) is necessary only when there is seminal emission. And Abu Salamah followed it.


Chapter 87: a person with sexual defilement may repeat intercourse without taking a bath


Book 1, Number 0218:

Narrated Anas:

One day the Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) had sexual intercourse with (all) his wives with a single bath.

Abu Dawud said: This tradition has been transmitted through another chain of narrators.

Abu Dawud said: The tradition narrated by Anas is more sound than this tradition.


Chapter 88: Desireablity of performing ablution after intercourse if one desires to repeat it


Book 1, Number 0219:

Narrated Abu Rafi’:

One day the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) had intercourse with all his wives. He took a bath after each intercourse. I asked him: Apostle of Allah, why don’t you make it a single bath? He replied: This is more purifying, better and cleaning.


Book 1, Number 0220:

Narrated Abu Sa’id al-Khudri:

The Prophet (may peace be upon him) said: When any of you has intercourse with his wife and desires to repeat it, he should perform ablution between them.


Chapter 89: Permissiblity of sleeping before taking bath for a person who is sexualy defiled


Book 1, Number 0221:

Narrated ‘Abd Allah b. ‘Umar:

‘Umar b. al-Khattab said to the Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) that he became sexually defiled at night (asking him what he should do). The Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: You should perform ablution and wash your penis and then sleep.


Chapter 90: A peerson who is sexually defiled is permitted to eat anything before washing


Book 1, Number 0222:

Narrated ‘A’ishah:

When the Prophet (may peace be upon him) intended to sleep while he was sexually defiled, he would perform ablution as he did for prayer.


Book 1, Number 0223:

This tradition has been narrated on the authority of al-Zuhri through a different chain. It adds: If he intends to eat while he is defiled, he should wash both his hands.

Abu Dawud said: Ibn Wahb narrated this tradition on the authority of Yunus. He described the fact of eating as the statement of ‘A’ishah (not the saying of the Prophet). It has also been narrated through another chain on the authority of Ihn al-Mubarak. He narrated it from ‘Urwah or Abu Salamah. Al-Awza’i narrated it from Yunus on the authority of al-Zuhri from the Prophet (may peace be upon him) as narrated by Ibn al-Mubarak.


Book 1, Number 0224:

Narrated ‘A’ishah:

When the Prophet (may peace be upon him) wanted to eat or sleep, he would perform ablution. She meant that (the Prophet did so) when he was sexually defiled.

Abu Dawud said: In the chain of this tradition there is a narrator between Yahya b. Ya’mur and ‘Ammar b. Yasir. ‘Ali b. Abi Talib, Ibn ‘Umar and ‘Abd Allah b. ‘Amr said: When a person who is sexually defiled wants to eat, he should perform ablution.


Book 1, Number 0225:

Narrated Ammar ibn Yasir:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) granted permission to a person who was sexually defiled to eat or drink or sleep after performing ablution.


Book 1, Number 0226:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:

Ghudayf ibn al-Harith reported: I asked Aisha: Have you seen the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) washing (because of defilement) at the beginning of the night or at the end?

She replied: Sometimes he would take a bath at the beginning of the night and sometimes at the end.

Thereupon I exclaimed: Allah is most Great. All Praise be to Allah Who made this matter accommodative.

I again asked her: What do you think, did the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) say the witr prayer (additional prayer after obligatory prayer at night) in the beginning of the night or at the end?

She replied: Sometimes he would say the witr prayer at the beginning of the night and sometimes at the end.

I exclaimed: Allah is most Great. All praise be to Allah Who made the matter accommodative.

Again I asked her: What do you think, did the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) recite the Qur’an (in the prayer) loudly or softly?

She replied: Sometimes he would recite loudly and sometimes softly.

I exclaimed: Allah is most Great. All praise be to Allah Who made the matter flexible.


Book 1, Number 0227:

Narrated Ali ibn Abu Talib:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Angels do not enter the house where there is a picture, or a dog, or a person who is sexually defiled.


Book 1, Number 0228:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) would sleep while he was sexually defiled without touching water.


Book 1, Number 0229:

Narrated Ali ibn Abu Talib:

Abdullah ibn Salamah said: I, accompanied by other two persons, one from us and the other from Banu Asad, called upon Ali. He sent them to a certain territory (on some mission) saying: You are sturdy and vigorous people; hence display your power for religion. He then stood and entered the toilet. He then came out and called for water and took a handful of it. Then he wiped (his hands) with it and began to recite the Qur’an. They were surprised at this (action).

Thereupon he said: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) came out from the privy and taught us the Qur’an and took meat with us. Nothing prevented him; or the narrator said: Nothing prevented him from (reciting) the Qur’an except sexual defilement.


Book 1, Number 0230:

Narrated :


Book 1, Number 0231:

Narrated :


Book 1, Number 0232:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) came and saw that the doors of the houses of his Companions were facing the mosque. He said: Turn the direction of the houses from the mosque. The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) then entered (the houses or the mosque), and the people did take any step in this regard hoping that some concession might be revealed. He the Prophet) again came upon them and said: Turn the direction of these (doors) from the mosque I do not make the mosque lawful for a menstruating woman and for a person who is sexually defiled.


Book 1, Number 0233:

Narrated Abu Bakrah:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) began to lead (the people) in the dawn prayer. He then signalled with his hand: (Stay) at your places. (Then he entered his home). He then returned while drops of water were coming down from him (from his body) and he led them in prayer.


Book 1, Number 0234:

Narrated :


Book 1, Number 0235:

Narrated :


Book 1, Number 0236:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) was asked about a person who found moisture (on his body or clothes) but did not remember the sexual dream. He replied: He should take a bath. He was asked about a person who remembered that he had a sexual dream but did not find moisture. He replied: Bath is not necessary for him. Umm Salamah then asked: Is washing necessary for a woman if she sees that (in her dream)? He replied: Yes. Woman are counterpart of men.


Book 1, Number 0237:

Narrated :


Book 1, Number 0238:

Narrated :


Book 1, Number 0239:

Narrated :


Book 1, Number 0240:

Narrated :


Book 1, Number 0241:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:

Jumay’ ibn Umayr, one of the sons of Banu Taym Allah ibn Tha’labah, said: Accompanied by my mother and aunt I entered upon Aisha. One of them asked her: How did you do while taking a bath? Aisha replied: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) performed ablution (in the beginning) as he did for prayer. He then poured (water) upon his head three times. But we poured water upon our heads five times due to plaits.


Book 1, Number 0242:

Narrated :


Book 1, Number 0243:

Narrated :


Book 1, Number 0244:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:

If you want, I can certainly show you the marks of the hand of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) on the wall where he took a bath because of sexual defilement.


Book 1, Number 0245:

Narrated :


Book 1, Number 0246:

Narrated :


Book 1, Number 0247:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:

There were fifty prayers (obligatory in the beginning); and (in the beginning of Islam) washing seven times because of sexual defilement (was obligatory); and washing the urine from the cloth seven times (was obligatory).

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) kept on praying to Allah until the number of prayers was reduced to five and washing because of sexual defilement was allowed only once and washing the urine from the clothe was also permitted only once.


Book 1, Number 0248:

Narrated Abu Hurairah:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: There is sexual defilement under every hair; so wash the hair and cleanse the skin.


Book 1, Number 0249:

Narrated Ali ibn Abu Talib:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: If anyone who is sexual defiled leaves a spot equal to the breadth of a hair without washing, such and such an amount of Hell-fire will have to be suffered for it. Ali said: On that account I treated my head (hair) as an enemy, meaning I cut my hair. He used to cut the hair (of his head). May Allah be pleased with him.


Book 1, Number 0250:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) took a bath and offered two rak’ahs of prayer and said the dawn prayer. I do not think he performed ablution afresh after taking a bath.


Book 1, Number 0251:

Narrated :


Book 1, Number 0252:

Narrated :


Book 1, Number 0253:

Narrated :


Book 1, Number 0254:

Narrated :


Book 1, Number 0255:

Narrated Thawban:

Shurayh ibn Ubayd said: Jubayr ibn Nufayr gave me a verdict about the bath because of sexual defilement that Thawban reported to them that they asked the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) about it. He (the Prophet) replied: As regards man, he should undo the hair of his head and wash it until the water should reach the roots of the hair. But there is no harm if the woman does not undo it (her hair) and pour three handfuls of water over her head.


Book 1, Number 0256:

Narrated :


Book 1, Number 0257:

Narrated :


Book 1, Number 0258:

Narrated :


Book 1, Number 0258:

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Book 1, Number 0259:

Narrated :


Book 1, Number 0260:

Narrated :


Book 1, Number 0261:

Narrated :


Book 1, Number 0262:

Narrated :


Book 1, Number 0263:

Narrated :


Book 1, Number 0264:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said about a person who had intercourse with his wife while she was menstruating: He must give one dinar or half a dinar in alms.


Book 1, Number 0265:

Narrated :


Book 1, Number 0266:

Narrated :


Book 1, Number 0267:

Narrated :


Book 1, Number 0268:

Narrated :


Book 1, Number 0269:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:

Khallas al-Hujari reported: Aisha said: I and the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) used to pass night in one (piece of) cloth (on me) while I menstruated profusely. If anything from me (i.e. blood) smeared him (i.e. his body), he would wash that spot and would not exceed it (in washing), then he would offer prayer with it.


Book 1, Number 0270:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:

Umarah ibn Ghurab said that his paternal aunt narrated to him that she asked Aisha: What if one of us menstruates and she and her husband have no bed except one? She replied: I relate to you what the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) had done.

One night he entered (upon me) while I was menstruating. He went to the place of his prayer, that is, to the place of prayer reserved (for this purpose) in his house. He did not return until I felt asleep heavily, and he felt pain from cold. And he said: Come near me. I said: I am menstruating. He said: Uncover your thighs. I, therefore, uncovered both of my thighs. Then he put his cheek and chest on my thighs and I lent upon he until he became warm and slept.


Book 1, Number 0271:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:

When I menstruated, I left the bed and lay on the reed-mat and did not approach or come near the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) until we were purified.


Book 1, Number 0272:

Narrated One of the Wives of the Prophet:

Ikrimah reported on the authority of one of the wives of the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) saying: When the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) wanted to do something (i.e. kissing, embracing) with (his) menstruating wife, he would put a garment on her private part.


Book 1, Number 0274:

Narrated Umm Salamah, Ummul Mu’minin:

In the time of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) there was a woman who had an issue of blood. So Umm Salamah asked the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) to give a decision about her. He said: She should consider the number of nights and days during which she used to menstruate each month before she was afflicted with this trouble and abandon prayer during that period each month. When those days and nights are over, she should take a bath, tie a cloth over her private parts and pray.


Book 1, Number 0275:

Narrated :


Book 1, Number 0276:

Narrated :


Book 1, Number 0277:

Narrated :


Book 1, Number 0278:

Narrated :


Book 1, Number 0279:

Narrated :


Book 1, Number 0280:

Narrated Fatimah daughter of Abu Hubaysh:

Urwah ibn az-Zubayr said that Fatimah daughter of Abu Hubaysh narrated to him that she asked the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) and complained to him about the flowing of (her) blood. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said to her: That is only (due to) a vein: look, when your menstruation comes, do not pray; and when your menstruation ends, wash yourself and then offer prayer during the period from one menstruation to another.


Book 1, Number 0281:

Narrated :


Book 1, Number 0282:

Narrated :


Book 1, Number 0283:

Narrated :


Book 1, Number 0284:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:

Bahiyyah said: I heard a woman asking Aisha about the woman whose menses became abnormal and she had an issue of blood. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) asked me to advise her that she should consider the period during which she used to menstruate every month, when her menstruation was normal. Then she should count the days equal to the length of time (of her normal menses); then she should abandon prayer during those days or equal to that period. She should then take a bath, tie a cloth on her private parts a pray.


Book 1, Number 0285:

Narrated :


Book 1, Number 0286:

Narrated Fatimah daughter of Abu Hubaysh:

Urwah ibn az-Zubayr reported from Fatimah daughter of Abu Hubaysh that her blood kept flowing, so the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said to her: When the blood of the menses comes, it is black blood which can be recognised; so when that comes, refrain from prayer; but when a different type of blood comes, perform ablution and pray, for it is (due only to) a vein.


Book 1, Number 0287:

Narrated Hamnah daughter of Jahsh:

Hamnah said my menstruation was great in quantity and severe. So I came to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) for a decision and told him. I found him in the house of my sister, Zaynab, daughter of Jahsh.

I said: Apostle of Allah, I am a woman who menstruates in great quantity and it is severe, so what do you think about it? It has prevented me from praying and fasting.

He said: I suggest that you should use cotton, for it absorbs the blood. She replied: It is too copious for that. He said: Then take a cloth. She replied: It is too copious for that, for my blood keeps flowing. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: I shall give you two commands; whichever of them you follow, that will be sufficient for you without the other, but you know best whether you are strong enough to follow both of them.

He added: This is a stroke of the Devil, so observe your menses for six or seven days, Allah alone knows which it should be; then wash. And when you see that you are purified and quite clean, pray during twenty-three or twenty-four days and nights and fast, for that will be enough for you, and do so every month, just as women menstruate and are purified at the time of their menstruation and their purification.

But if you are strong enough to delay the noon (Zuhr) prayer and advance the afternoon (‘Asr) prayer, to wash, and then combine the noon and the afternoon prayer; to delay the sunset prayer and advance the night prayer, to wash, and then combine the two prayers, do so: and to wash at dawn, do so: and fast if you are able to do so if possible;

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: Of the two commands this is more to my liking.


Book 1, Number 0288:

Narrated :


Book 1, Number 0289:

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Book 1, Number 0290:

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Book 1, Number 0291:

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Book 1, Number 0292:

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Book 1, Number 0293:

Narrated Zaynab daughter of Abu Salamah:

Abu Salamah said: Zaynab daughter of AbuSalamah reported to me that a woman had a copious flow of blood. She was the wife of Abdur Rahman ibn Awf. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) commanded her to take a bath at the time of every prayer, and then to pray. He reported to me that Umm Bakr told him that Aisha said: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said about a woman who was doubtful of her menstruation after purification that it was a vein or veins.


Book 1, Number 0294:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:

A woman had a prolonged flow of blood in the time of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). She was commanded to advance the afternoon prayer and delay the noon prayer, and to take a bath for them only once; and to delay the sunset prayer and advance the night prayer and to take a bath only once for them; and to take a bath separately for the dawn prayer.

I (Shu’bah) asked Abdur Rahman: (Is it) from the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him)? I do not report to you anything except from the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him).


Book 1, Number 0295:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:

Sahlah daughter of Suhayl had a prolonged flow of blood. She came to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him). He commanded her to take a bath for every prayer. When it became hard for her, he commanded her to combine the noon and afternoon prayers with one bath and the sunset and night prayer with one bath, and to take a bath (separately) for the dawn prayer.


Book 1, Number 0296:

Narrated :


Book 1, Number 0297:

Narrated Grandfather of Adi ibn Thabit ?:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said about the woman having a prolonged flow of blood: She should abandon prayer during her menstrual period: then she should take a bath and pray. She should perform ablution for every prayer.


Book 1, Number 0298:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:

Fatimah daughter of AbuHubaysh came to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) and narrated what happened with her. He said: Then take a bath and then perform ablution for every prayer and pray.


Book 1, Number 0299:

Narrated :


Book 1, Number 0300:

Narrated :


Book 1, Number 0301:

Narrated :


Book 1, Number 0302:

Narrated Ali ibn Abu Talib:

The woman who has a prolonged flow of blood should wash herself every day when her menstrual period is over and take a woollen cloth greased with fat or oil (to tie over the private parts).


Book 1, Number 0303:

Narrated :


Book 1, Number 0304:

Narrated :


Book 1, Number 0305:

Narrated Umm Habibah daughter of Jahsh:

Ikrimah said: Umm Habibah daughter of Jahsh had a prolonged flow of blood. The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) commanded her to refrain (from prayer) during her menstrual period; then she should wash and pray, if she sees anything (which renders ablution void) she should perform ablution and pray.


Book 1, Number 0306:

Narrated :


Book 1, Number 0307:

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Book 1, Number 0308:

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Book 1, Number 0309:

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Book 1, Number 0310:

Narrated :


Book 1, Number 0311:

Narrated Umm Salamah, Ummul Mu’minin:

The woman having bleeding after delivery (puerperal haemorrhage) would refrain (from prayer) for forty days or forty nights; and we would anoint our faces with an aromatic herb called wars to remove dark spots.


Book 1, Number 0312:

Narrated :


Book 1, Number 0313:

Narrated Woman of Banu Ghifar:

Umayyah, daughter of AbusSalt, quoted a certain woman of Banu Ghifar, whose name was mentioned to me, as saying: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) made me ride behind him on the rear of the camel saddle. By Allah, the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) got down in the morning. He made his camel kneel down and I came down from the back of his saddle. There was a mark of blood on it (saddle) and that was the first menstruation that I had. I stuck to the camel and felt ashamed.

When the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) saw what had happened to me and saw the blood, he said: Perhaps you are menstruating.

I said: Yes. He then said: Set yourself right (i.e. tie some cloth to prevent bleeding), then take a vessel of water and put some salt in it, and then wash the blood from the back of the saddle, and then return to your mount. When the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) conquered Khaybar, he gave us a portion of the booty. Whenever the woman became purified from her menses, she would put salt in water. And when she died, she left a will to put salt in the water for washing her (after death).


Book 1, Number 0314:

Narrated :


Book 1, Number 0315:

Narrated :


Book 1, Number 0316:

Narrated :


Book 1, Number 0317:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) sent Usayd ibn Hudayr and some people with him to search the necklace lost by Aisha. The time of prayer came and they prayed without ablution. When they returned to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) and related the fact to him, the verse concerning tayammum was revealed.

Ibn Nufayl added: Usayd said to her: May Allah have mercy upon you! Never has there been an occasion when you were beset with an unpleasant matter but Allah made the Muslims and you come out of that.


Book 1, Number 0318:

Narrated Ammar ibn Yasir:

They (the Companions of the Prophet) wiped with pure earth (their hands and face) to offer the dawn prayer in the company of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). They struck the ground with their palms and wiped their faces once. Then they repeated and struck the ground with their palms once again and wiped their arms completely up to the shoulders and up to the armpits with the inner side of their hands.


Book 1, Number 0319:

Narrated :


Book 1, Number 0320:

Narrated Ammar ibn Yasir:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) encamped at Ulat al-Jaysh and Aisha was in his company. Her necklace of onyx of Zifar was broken (and fell somewhere). The people were detained to make a search for that necklace until the dawn broke. There was no water with the people. herefore Abu Bakr became angry with her and said: You detained the people and they have no water with them.

Thereupon Allah, the Exalted, sent down revelation about it to His Apostle (peace_be_upon_him) granting concession to purify themselves with pure earth. Then the Muslims stood up with the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) and struck the ground with their hands and then they raised their hands, and did not take any earth (in their hands). Then they wiped with them their faces and hands up to the shoulders, and from their palms up to the armpits.


Book 1, Number 0321:

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Book 1, Number 0322:

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Book 1, Number 0323:

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Book 1, Number 0324:

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Book 1, Number 0325:

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Book 1, Number 0326:

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Book 1, Number 0327:

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Book 1, Number 0328:

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Book 1, Number 0329:

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Book 1, Number 0330:

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Book 1, Number 0331:

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Book 1, Number 0332:

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Book 1, Number 0333:

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Book 1, Number 0334:

Narrated Amr ibn al-‘As:

I had a sexual dream on a cold night in the battle of Dhat as-Salasil. I was afraid, if I washed I would die. I, therefore, performed tayammum and led my companions in the dawn prayer. They mentioned that to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). He said: Amr, you led your companions is prayer while you were sexually defiled? I informed him of the cause which impeded me from washing. And I said: I heard Allah say: “Do not kill yourself, verily Allah is merciful to you.” The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) laughed and did not say anything.

Abu Dawud said: ‘Abd al-Rahman b. Jubair is an Egyptian and a freed slave of Kharijah b. Hudhafah. He is not Jubair b. Nufair.


Book 1, Number 0335:

Narrated Abu Qais, the freed slave of ‘Amr b. Al-‘As:

‘Amr b. al-‘As was in a battle. He then narrated the rest of the tradition. He then said: He washed his armpits and other joints where dirt was found, and he performed ablution like taht for prayer. Then he led them in prayer. He then narrated the tradition in a simmilar way but did not make a mention pf tayammum.

Abu Dawud said: This incident has also been narrated by al-Awaza’i on the authority of Hassan b. ‘Atiyyah. This version has the words: then he performed tayammaum.


Book 1, Number 0336:

Narrated Jabir:

We set out on a journey. One of our people was hurt by a stone, that injured his head. He then had a sexual dream. He asked his fellow travellers: Do you find concession for me to perform tayammum? They said: We do not find any concession for you while you can use water. He took a bath and died. When we came o the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him), the incident was reported to him. He said: They killed him, may Allah kill them! Could they not ask when they did not know? The cure of ignorance is inquiry. It was enough for him to perform tayammum and to pour some drops of water or to bind a bandage over the wound (the narator Musa was doubtful); then he should have wiped over it and washed the rest of his body.


Book 1, Number 0337:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

A man was injured during the lifetime of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him); he then had a sexual dream, and he was advised to wash and he washed himself. Consequently he died. When this was reported to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) he said: They killed him; may Allah kill them! Is not inquiry the cure of ignorance?


Book 1, Number 0338:

Narrated Abu Sa’id al-khudri:

Two persons set out on a journey. Meanwhile the time of prayer came and they had no water. They performed tayammum with clean earth and prayed. Later on they found water withen the time of prayer. One of them repeated the prayer and ablution but the other did not repeat. Then they came to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) and related the matter to him. Addressing himself to the one who did not repeat, he said: You followed the sunnah (model behaviour of the Prophet) and your (first) prayer was enough for you. He said to the one who performed the ablution and repeated: For you there is double reward.

Abu Dawud said: Besides Ibn Nafi’ this is transmitted by al-Laith from ‘Umairah b. Abi Najiyyah from Bakr b. Sawdah on the authority of ‘Ata’ b. Yasar from the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him).

Abu Dawud said: The mention of (the name of Companion) Abu Sa’id in this tradition is not guarded. This is a mursal tradition (i.e. the Successor ‘Ata’ b. Yasar directly narrates it from the Prophet, leaving the name of the Companions in the chain).


Book 1, Number 0339:

Narrated ‘Ata’ b. Yasir:

Two persons from the Companions of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him); he then narrated the rest of the tradition to the same effect.


Book 1, Number 0340:

Narrated Abu Hurairah:

While ‘Umar al-Kahttab was making a speech on Friday (in the mosque), a man came in. ‘Umar said: Are you detained from prayer? The man said: As soon as I heard the call of prayer, I performed ablution. Then ‘Umar said: Only ablution? Did you not hear the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) say: When any one of you comes for Friday (prayer) he should take a bath.


Book 1, Number 0341:

Narrated Abu Sa’id al-Khudri:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: Taking a bath on Friday is necessary for every adult.


Book 1, Number 0342:

Narrated Hafsah, Ummul Mu’minin:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: It is necessary for every adult (person) to go for (saying) Friday (prayer), and for everyone who goes for Friday (prayer) washing is necessary.

Abu Dawud said: If one takes a bath after sunrise, even though he washes because of seminal emmision, that would be enough for him for his washing on Friday.


Book 1, Number 0343:

Narrated Abu Sa’id al-Khudri and Abu Hurairah:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: If anyone takes a bath on Friday, puts on his best clothes, applies a touch of perfume if he has any, then goes to the congregational prayer (in the mosque), and takes care not to step over people, then prays what Allah has prescribed for him, then keeps silent fo the time his Imam comes out until he finishes his prayer, it would atone for his sins during the previous week.

Abu Hurairah said: (It would atone for his sins) for three days more. He further said: One is rewarded ten times for doing good work.

Abu Dawud said: The version narrated by Muhammad b. Salamah is perfect, and Hammad did not make a mention of the statement of Abu Hurairah.


Book 1, Number 0344:

Narrated ‘Abd al-Rahman b. Abi Sa’id al-Khudri from his father:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Washing and the use of tooth-stick are necessary for every adult (person) on Friday; and everyone should apply perfume whatever one has. The narator Bukhair did not make a mention of ‘Abd al-Rahman; and about perfume he said that even it might be of the kind used by women.


Book 1, Number 0345:

Narrated Aws ibn Aws ath-Thaqafi:

I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) say: If anyone makes (his wife) wash and he washes himself on Friday, goes out early (for Friday prayer), attends the sermon from the beginning, walking, not riding, takes his seat near the imam, listens attentively, and does not indulge in idle talk, he will get the reward of a year’s fasting and praying at night for every step he takes.


Book 1, Number 0346:

Narrated Aws al-Taqafi:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: If anyone washes his head on Friday and washes himself; and he narrated the rest of tradition as above.


Book 1, Number 0347:

Narrated ‘Abd Allah b. ‘Amr b. al-‘As:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Whosoever washes himself on Friday and applies the perfume of his wife if she has one, and wears good clothes and does not step over the necks of people (in the mosque to sit in the front row) and does not indulge in idle talk during the sermon, that will atone (for his sins) between the two Fridays. But he who indulges in idle talk and steps over the necks of the people (in the mosque), that Friday will be for him like the noon prayer.


Book 1, Number 0348:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) would take a bath because of sexual defilement on Friday, after opening a vein and after washing a dead body.


Book 1, Number 0349:

Narrated Makhul:

Makhul was asked about the meaning of the words ghassala and ightasala (that occurs in tradition 345) and he said: one should wash one’s head and body well (and not that one should make one’s wife wash).


Book 1, Number 0350:

Narrated Sa’id b. ‘Abd Al-Aziz:

Explaining the meaning of the words ghassala and ightasala (that occurs in tradition 345) Sa’id (b. ‘Abd Al-Aziz) said: One should wash one’s head and body well (and not that one should make one’s wife wash).


Book 1, Number 0351:

Narrated Abu Hurairah:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: Whosoever takes a bath due to sexual defilement on Friday and goes out (for Friday prayer), is treated like one who offered camel as sacrifice; he who goes out in the second instance aas one who offers a cow; he who goes out in the third instance is treated as one who offers a horned cow; he who goes out in the fourth instance is treated as one who offers a hen; he who goes out in the fifth instance is treated as one who offers an egg. When the Imm comes out (for sermon), the angels too attend to listen to the sermon.


Book 1, Number 0352:

Narrated ‘A’ishah:

The people (mostly) were workers and they would come for Friday prayer in the same condition, so it was said to them: Would to Allah that you wash yourself.


Book 1, Number 0353:

Narrated ‘Amr b. Abi ‘Amr and ‘Ikrimah:

Some people of iraq came and said: Ibn ‘Abbas, do you regard taking a bath on Friday as obligatory? He said: No, it is only a means of cleanliness, and it is better for one who washes oneself. Anyone who does not take a bath, it is not essential for him. I inform you how the bath (on Friday) comenced. The people were poor and used to wear woolen clothes, and would carry loads on their backs. Their mosque was small and its roof was lowered down. It was a sort of trelis of vine. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) once came out on a hot day and the people perespired profusely in woolen clothes so much so that the foul smell emited from them and it caused trouble to each other. When the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) found that foul smell, he said: O people, when this day (Friday) comes, you should take a bath and everyone of you should anoint the best oil and perfume one has. Ibn ‘Abbas then said: Then Allah, the Exalted, provided wealth (to the people) and they wore clothes other than the woolen, and were spared from work, and their mosque became vast. The foul smell that caused trouble to them became non-existent.


Book 1, Number 0354:

Narrated Samurah:

If any one of you performs ablution (on Friday) that is all right; and if any of you takes a bath, that is better.


Book 1, Number 0355:

Narrated Qays ibn Asim:

I came to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) with the intention of embracing Islam. He commanded me to take a bath with water (boiled with) the leaves of the lote-tree.


Book 1, Number 0356:

Uthaim b. Kulaib from his father (Kuthair) on the authority of his grandfather (Kulaib) that he came to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him): I have embraced Islam. The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said to him: Remove from yourself the hair that grew during the period of unbeleif, saying “shave them”.

He furthe r says that another person (other than the grandfather of ‘Uthaim) reported to him that the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said to another person who accompanied him: Remove from yourself the hair that grew during the period of unbeleif and get yourself circumcised.


Book 1, Number 0357:

Narrated Mu’adhah:

‘A’ishah was asked about (washing) the clothes of menstruating woman smeared with blood. She said: She should wash it; in case the mark is not removed she should change it by applying some yellow color. I had three menstruations together while I lived with the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him), but I did not wash my clothes.


Book 1, Number 0358:

Narrated ‘A’ishah:

Each of us (wives of Prophet) had onl one clothe in which she would menstruate. Whenever it was smeared with blood, she would moisten it with her saliva and scratch it with the saliva.


Book 1, Number 0359:

Narrated Umm Salamah, Ummul Mu’minin:

Bakkar ibn Yahya said that his grandmother narrated to him: I entered upon Umm Salamah. A woman from the Quraysh asked her about praying with the clothes which a woman wore while she menstruated.

Umm Salamah said: We would menstruate in the lifetime of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). Then each one of us refrained (from prayer) during menstrual period. When she was purified, she would look at the clothe in which she menstruated. If it were smeared with blood, we would wash it and pray with it; if there were nothing in it, we would leave it and that would not prevent us from praying with it (the same clothe).

As regards the woman who had plaited hair – sometimes each of us had plaited hair – when she washed, she would not undo the hair. She would instead pour three handfuls of water upon her head. When she felt moisture in the roots of her hair, she would rub them. Then she would pour water upon her whole body.


Book 1, Number 0360:

Narrated Asma daughter of Abu Bakr:

I heard a woman asking the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him): What should any of us do with her clothe (in which she menstruated) when she becomes purified? Can she pray in that (clothe)? He said: She should see; if she finds blood in it, she should scratch it with some water and (in case of doubt) sprinkle upon it (some water) and pray so long as she does not find (any blood).


Book 1, Number 0361:

Narrated Asma’, daughter of Abu Bakr:

A woman asked the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him): Apostle of Allah, what do you think if the clothe of any of us is smeared with the blood of menstruation; what should she do? He said: If (the clothe of) any of you is smeared with the blood of menstrustion, she should scratch it; then she should sprinkle water upon it and then she may pray.


Book 1, Number 0362:

This tradition has been transmitted by Hisham through a different chain of narrators to the same effect: Rub it off (with a stone), then scratch it (with finger) by pouring water, then sprinkle water upon it.


Book 1, Number 0363:

Narrated Umm Qays daughter of Mihsan:

I asked the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) about the blood of menstruation on the clothe. He said: Erase it off with a piece of wood and then wash it away with water and the leaves of the lote-tree.


Book 1, Number 0364:

Narrated ‘A’ishah:

One of us would have a shirt in which she would menstruate and in it she became sexually defiled. Then if she ever saw any drop of blood in it, she would rub it off by applying her saliva.


Book 1, Number 0365:

Narrated Abu Hurairah:

Khawlah, daughter of Yasar came to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) and said: Apostle of Allah, I have only one clothe and I menstruate in it, how should I do? He said: When you are purified, wash it and pray in it. She asked: If the blood is not removed, (then what)? He said: It is enough for you to wash the blood, its mark will not do any harm to you.


Book 1, Number 0366:

Narrated Umm Habibah:

Mu’awiyah ibn AbuSufyan asked his sister Umm Habibah, the wife of the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him): Would the apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) pray in the clothe in which he had an intercourse? She said: Yes, when he would not see any impurity in it.


Book 1, Number 0367:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) would not pray in our wrappers or in our quilts.

Ubaydullah said: My father (Mu’adh) doubted this.


Book 1, Number 0368:

Narrated ‘A’ishah:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) would not pray in our quilts. Hammad said: I heard Sa’id b. Abi Sadaqah say: I asked Muhammad (b. Sarin) about it. He did not narrate it to me, but said: I heard it a long time ago and I do not know from whom I heard it. I do not know whether I heard it from a trustworthy person or not. Make an inquiry about it.


Book 1, Number 0369:

Narrated Maimunah:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) prayed on a sheet of cloth partly put on by one of his wives who was menstruating. He was praying while (a part of) it was upon him.


Book 1, Number 0370:

Narrated ‘A’ishah:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) would pray at night while I lay by his side during my menestrual period. A sheet of clothe would be partly on me and partly on him.


Book 1, Number 0371:

Hammam b. al-Harith reported, he had a sexual dream when he was staying with ‘A’ishah. The slave-girl of ‘A’ishah saw him when he was washing the mak of defilement, or he was washing his clothe. She informed ‘A’ishah who said: He witnessed me rubbing off the semen from the clothe of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him).

Abu Dawud said: Al-A’mash narrated it as narrated by al-Hakam.


Book 1, Number 0372:

Narrated ‘A’ishah:

I used to rub off the semen from the clothe of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). He then would pray in it.

Abu Dawud said: Mughairah, Abu Ma’shar and wasil also narrated it to the same effect.


Book 1, Number 0373:

Narrated Sulaiman b. Yasar:

I heard ‘A’ishah say that she would wash semen from the clothe of the Apostle of allah (peace_be_upon_him). She added: Then I would see a mark or marks (after washing).


Chapter 139: How to clean the clothe smeared with the urine of a child


Book 1, Number 0374:

Umm Qais, daughter of Mihsan reported that she came to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) with her little son who had not attained the age of eating food. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) seated him in his lap, and he urinated on his clothe. He sent for water and sprayed it (over his clothe) and did not wash it.


Book 1, Number 0375:

Narrated Lubabah daughter of al-Harith:

Al-Husayn ibn Ali was (sitting) in the lap of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). He passed water on him. I said: Put on (another) clothe, and give me your wrapper to wash. He said: The urine of a female child should be washed (thoroughly) and the urine of a male child should be sprinkled over.


Book 1, Number 0376:

Narrated Abu al-Samh:

I used to serve the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him). Whenever he intended to wash himself, he would say: Turn your back towards me, So I would turn my back and hide him. (Once) Hasan or Husayn (may Allah be pleased with them) was brought to him and he passed water on his chest. I came to wash it. He said: It is only the urine of a female which should be washed; the urine of a male should be sprinkled over.


Book 1, Number 0377:

Narrated Ali ibn Abu Talib:

The urine of a female (child) should be washed and the urine of a male (child) should be sprinkled over until the age of eating.


Book 1, Number 0378:

Narrated Ali b. Abi Talib:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: He narrated the tradition to the same effect, but he did not mention the words “until the age of eating.” Theis version adds: Qatadah said: This is valid until the time they do not eat food; when they begin to eat, their urine should be washed.


Book 1, Number 0379:

Narrated Umm Salamah, Ummul Mu’minin:

Al-Hasan reported on the authority of his mother that she was Umm Salamah pouring water on the urine of the male child until the age when he did not eat food. When he began to eat food, she would wash (his urine). And she would wash the urine of the female child.


Chapter 140: The earth smeared with urine


Book 1, Number 0380:

Narrated Abu Hurairah:

A bedouin entered the mosque while the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) was sitting. He offered two rak’ahs of prayer, according to the version of Ibn ‘Abdah. He then said: O Allah, have mercy on me and on Muhammad and do not have mercy on anyone along with us. The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: You have narowed down (a thing) that was broader. After a short while he passed water in a corner of the mosque. The people rushed towards him. The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) prevented them and said: You have been sent to facilitate and not create difficulties. Por a bucket of water upon it.


Book 1, Number 0381:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Ma’qil ibn Muqarrin:

A bedouin prayed with the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him). He then narrated the tradition (No 0380) about urinating of that bedouin. This version adds: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Remove the earth where he urinated and throw it away and pour water upon the place.


Chapter 141: The earth is pure when it becomes dry


Book 1, Number 0382:

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar:

I used to sleep in the mosque in the lifetime of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) when I was young and a bachelor. The dogs would urinate and frequently visit the mosque, and no one would sprinkle water over it.


Chapter 142: On the border of the clothe smeared with impurity


Book 1, Number 0383:

Narrated Umm Salamah, Ummul Mu’minin:

The slave-mother of Ibrahim ibn AbdurRahman ibn Awf asked Umm Salamah, the wife of the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him): I am a woman having a long border of clothe and I walk in filthy place; (then what should I do?). Umm Salamah replied: The Apostle of Allah ( peace be upon him) said: What comes after it cleanses it.


Book 1, Number 0384:

Narrated A woman of the Banu Abdul Ashhal:

She reported: I said Apostle of Allah, our road to the mosque has an unpleasant stench; what should we do when it is raining? He asked: Is there not a cleaner part after the filthy part of the road? She replied: Why not (there is one)! He said: It makes up for the other.


Chapter 143: On the shoe being smeared with impurity


Book 1, Number 0385:

Narrated Abu Hurairah:

The Apostle of Allah(peace_be_upon_him) said: When any of you treads with his sandal upon an unclean place, the earth will render it purified.


Book 1, Number 0386:

Narrated Abu Hurairah:

Abu Hurairah reported a tradition to the same effect from the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him): When any of you treads with his shoes upon something unclean, they will be purified with the earth.


Book 1, Number 0387:

‘A’isha reported a simmilar tradition from the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him):


Chapter 144: On repeating prayer offered in an impure garment


Book 1, Number 0388:

Narrated Umm Jahdar al-‘Amiriyyah:

Umm Jahdar al-‘Amiriyyah asked ‘Aisha about the blood of menses which drops on the clothe. She replied: I was (lying) with the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) and we has our garment over us, and we had put a blanket over it. When the day broke, the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) took the blanket, wore it and went out and offered the dawn prayer. He then sat( in the mosque among the people). A man said: Apostle of Allah, this is a spot of blood. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) caught hold of it from around and sent it to me folded in the hand of a slave and said: Wash it and dry it and then send it to me. I sent for my vessel and washed it; I then dried it and returned it to him. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) came at noon while he had blanket over him.


Chapter 145: Droping of saliva on the clothe


Book 1, Number 0389:

Narrated Abu Nadrah:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) spat on his clothe and scrubbed with a part of it.


Book 1, Number 0390:

A simmilar tradition has been reported by Anas from the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) through a different chain of narrators.



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