Home Blog Book 2 – Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat): Detailed Injunctions about Ramadan

Book 2 – Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat): Detailed Injunctions about Ramadan

by I Need Allah

Chapter 469: Night prayers during Ramadhan


Book 2, Number 1366:

Narrated Abu Hurairah:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) used to commend prayers at night during Ramadhan, but did not command it as a duty. He would said: If anyone prays during the night in Ramadhan because of faith and seeking his reward from Allah, his previous sinswould be forgiven to him. When the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) died, this was the practice, and it continued thus during the Abu Bakr’s caliphate and early part of ‘Umars.


Book 2, Number 1367:

Narrated Abu Hurairah:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: If anyone fasts during Ramadhan because of faith and and in order to seek his reward from Allah, his previous sinswould be forgiven to him. If anyone prays in the night of power(lailat-ul-qadr) because of faith and and in order to seek his reward from Allah, his previous sinswould be forgiven to him.

Abu Dawud said: this tradition has been transmitted in a simmilar manner by Yahya b. Abi Kathir and Muhammad b. ‘Amr from Abu Salamah.


Book 2, Number 1368:

Narrated ‘A’ishah, the wife of Prophet (peace_be_upon_him):

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) offered (tarawih) prayer in the mosque and the people also prayed with him. He then prayed the following night, and the people gathered in large numbers. They gathered on the third night too, but the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) did not come out to them. When the morning came, he said: I witnessed what you did, and nothing prevented me from comming out to you except that I feared thet this (prayer) might be prescribed for you. That was in Ramadhan.


Book 2, Number 1369:

Narrated ‘A’ishah:

The people used to pray (tarawih prayer) in the mosque during the Ramadhan severally. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) commanded me (to spread a mat). I spread a mat for him and he prayers upon it. The narrator then transmitted the same story. The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: O people, praise be to Allah, I did not pass my night carelessly, nor did your position remain hidden from me.


Book 2, Number 1370:

Narrated Abu Dharr:

We fasted with the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) during Ramadan, but he did not make us get up at night for prayer at any time during the month till seven nights remained; then he made us get up for prayer till a third of the night had passed. When the sixth remaining night came, he did not make us get up for prayer. When the fifth remaining night came, he made us stand in prayer till a half of the night had gone.

So I said: Apostle of Allah, I wish you had led us in supererogatory prayers during the whole of tonight.

He said: When a man prays with an imam till he goes he is reckoned as having spent a whole night in prayer. On the fourth remaining night he did not make us get up. When the third remaining night came, he gathered his family, his wives, and the people and prayed with us till we were afraid we should miss the falah (success).

I said: What is falah? He said: The meal before daybreak. Then he did not make us get up for prayer during the remainder of the month.


Book 2, Number 1371:

Narrated ‘A’ishah:

When the last ten days of Ramadhan came, the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) kept vigil and prayed during the whole night, and tied the wrapper tightly, and awakened his family (to pray during the night).

Abu Dawud said: The name of Abu Ya’fur is ‘Abd al-Rahman b. ‘Ubaid b. Nistas.


Book 2, Number 1372:

Narrated Abu Hurairah:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) came out and saw that the people were praying during (the night) of Ramadhan in the corner of the mosque. He asked: Who are those people? It was said to him that those were the people who had not learnt the Qur’an. But Ubayy b. K’ab is praying and they would pray behind him. The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) saidL They did right and it is good what they did.

Abu Dawud said: This tradition is not strong; the narrator Muslim b. Khalid is weak.


Chapter 470: Lailat Al-Qadr


Book 2, Number 1373:

Narrated Zirr (b. Hubaish):

I said to Ubayy b. K’ab: Tell me about lailat al-qadr, O Abu al-Mundhir, for our companion (Ibn Mas’ud) was questioned about it, and he said: Anyone who gets up for prayer every night all the year round will hit upon it (i.e. lailat al-qadr). He replied: May Allah have mercy on Abu ‘Abd al-Rahman. By Allah he knew that it was in Ramadhan, (Musaddad’s version goes) but he disliked that the people should content themselves (with that night alone); or the people should not content themselves (with that night alone). According to the agreed version: By Allah, it is the twenty-seventh night of Ramadhan, without any reservation. I said: How do you know that, Abu al-Mundhir? He replied: By the indication (or sign) of which the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) informed us. I asked Zirr: What is that sign? He replied: The sun rises like a vessel of water in the morning following that night; it has no ray until it rises high up.


Book 2, Number 1374:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Unays:

I was present at the gathering of Banu Salamah, and I was the youngest of them.

They (the people) said: Who will ask the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) for us about Laylat al-Qadr? That was the twenty-first of Ramadan. I went out and said the sunset prayer along with the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). I then stood at the door of his house.

He passed by me and said: Come in. I entered (the house) and dinner was brought for him. I was prevented from taking food as it was scanty.

When he finished his dinner, he said to me: Give me my shoes. He then stood up and I also stood up with him. He said: Perhaps you have some business with me.

I said: Yes. Some people of Banu Salamah have sent me to you to ask you about Laylat al-Qadr. He asked: Which night: Is it tonight?

I said: Twenty-second. He said: This is the very night. He then withdrew and said: Or the following night, referring to the twenty-third night.


Book 2, Number 1375:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Unays al-Juhani:

I said to the Apostle of Allah: I have a place in the desert where I live and in which I pray, with the praise of Allah; but give me command about a night when I come to this mosque.

He replied: Come on the twenty third night.

I (a sub-narrator, Muhammad ibn Ibrahim) said to his (Abdullah ibn Unays’s) son: How would your father act?

He replied: He used to enter the mosque when he had offered the afternoon prayer, and did not leave it for any purpose till he prayed the morning prayer. Then when he had prayed the morning prayer, he found his riding beast at the door of the mosque, mounted it and got back to his desert.


Book 2, Number 1376:

Narrated Ibn Abbas:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Seek lailat al-qadr in the last ten nights of Ramadhan: when nine (nights) remain (i.e. on the twenty-first), when seven (nights) remain (i.e. on the twenty-third), and when five (nights) remain (i.e. on the twenty fifth).


Chapter 471: The view that the twenty-first night of Ramadhan is Lailat Al-Qadr


Book 2, Number 1377:

Narrated Abu Sa’id al-Khudri:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) used to spend the middle ten days of Ramadhan in retirement and devotion (i’tikaf) in the mosque. One year he had retirement and devotion in the mosque (as usual); when the twenty-first night came, and this is the night when he used to come out of his devotion in the mosque, he said: He who engaged himself in devotion along with me should do so during the last ten days; I saw that night, then was caused to forget it, but I have seen myself prostrating in water and mud on the morning following (that night), so seek it in the last ten days and seek it in every night with an odd number. Abu Sa’id said: Rain fell that night, the mosque that was a thached building dripped, and my eyes saw the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) with traces of water and mud, on his forehead on the morning following the twenty-first night.


Book 2, Number 1378:

Narrated Abu Sa’id al-Khudri:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Seek it (laylat al-Qadr) in the last ten days of Ramadan. Seek it on the ninth, seventh and fifth night. I (Abu Nadrah) said: You know counting better than us, AbuSa’id. He said: Yes. I asked: What do you mean by the ninth, seventh and fifth night? He said: When the twenty-first night passes, the night which follows it is the night; when the twenty-third night passes, the night which follows it is the seventh; when the twenty-fifth passes, the night which follows it is the fifth.


Chapter 472: The tradition that seventeenth night of Ramadhan is Lailat Al-Qadr


Book 2, Number 1379:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas’ud:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said to us: Seek it (laylat al-Qadr) on the seventeenth night of Ramadan, and on the twenty first night, and on the twenty-third night. He then kept silence.


Chapter 473: The tradition that Lailat Al-Qadr falls during the last seven nights of Ramadhan


Book 2, Number 1380:

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: Seek lailat al-qadr in the last seven nights.


Chapter 474: The view that twenty-seventh night of ramadhan is Lailat Al-Qadr


Book 2, Number 1381:

Narrated Mu’awiyah b. Abi Sufyan:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Lailat al-qadr is the twenty-seventh night (of Ramadhan).


Chapter 475: The view that Lailat Al-Qadr is in the whole of Ramadhan


Book 2, Number 1382:

Narrated ‘Abd Allah b. ‘Umar:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) was asked about lailat al-qadr an I was hearing. He said: It is during the whole of Ramadhan.

Abu Dawud said: Sufyan and Shu’bah narrated this tradition from Abu Ishaq as a statement of Ibn ‘Umar himself; they did not transmit it as a saying of the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him).


Chapter 476: In how many days should one complete the recitation of the Qur’an


Book 2, Number 1383:

Narrated ‘Abd Allah b. ‘Amr:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said to me: Complete the recitation of the Qur’an in one month. He said: I have more strength. He (the Prophet) said: Complete the recitation in twenty days. He again said: I have more energy. He said: Recite in fifteen days. He again said: I have more energy. He said: Recite in ten days. He again sais: I have more energy. He said: Recite in seven days; do not add to it.

Abu Dawud said: The tradition narrated by Muslim is more perfect.


Book 2, Number 1384:

Narrated ‘Abd Allah b. ‘Amr:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said to me: Keep fast for three days every month, and finish the recitation of the Qur’an in one month. I and he differed among ourselves over the period of time. He said: Fast one day and give it up the other day. The narrator of ‘Ata said: The people differed from my father (in narrating the period of time). Some narrated seven days and other five.


Book 2, Number 1385:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-‘As:

Yazid ibn Abdullah said that Abdullah ibn Amr asked the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him): In how many days should I complete the recitation of the whole Qur’an, Apostle of Allah?

He replied: In one month.

He said: I am more energetic to complete it in a period less than this. He kept on repeating these words and lessening the period until he said: Complete its recitation in seven days.

He again said: I am more energetic to complete it in a period less than this.

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: He who finishes the recitation of the Qur’an in less than three days does not understand it.


Book 2, Number 1386:

Narrated Khaithamah:

‘Abd Allah b. ‘Amr said: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said to me: Recite the Qur’an in one month. I said: I have (more) energy. He said: Recite it in three days.

Abu ‘Ali said: I heard Abu Dawud say: I heard Ahmad b. Hanbal say: The narrator ‘Isa b. Shadhan is a sane person.


Chapter 477: On fixing a part from the Qr’an for daily recitation


Book 2, Number 1387:

Narrated Ibn al-Had:

Nafi’ b. Jubair asked me: In how many days do you recite the Qur’an? I said: I have not fixed any part from it for daily round. Nafi’ said to me: Do not say: I do not fix any part of it daily round, for the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: I recited a part of the Qur’an.

The narrator Ibn al-Had said: I think I have transmitted this tradition’ from al-Mughairah b. Shu’bah.


Book 2, Number 1388:

Narrated Aws ibn Hudhayfah:

We came upon the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) in a deputation of Thaqif. The signatories of the pact came to al-Mughirah ibn Shu’bah as his guests. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) made Banu-Malik stay in a tent of his.

Musaddad’s version says: He was in the deputation of Thaqif which came to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). He used to visit and have a talk with us every day after the night prayer.

The version of Abu Sa’id says: He remained standing for such a long time (talking to us) that he put his weight sometimes on one leg and sometimes on the other due to his long stay. He mostly told us how his people, the Quraysh, behaved with him.

He would say: We were not equal; we were weak and degraded at Mecca (according to Musaddad’s version). When we came over to Medina the fighting began between us; sometimes we overcome them and at other times they overcome us. One night he came late and did not come at the time he used to come.

We asked him: You came late tonight? He said: I could not recite the fixed part of the Qur’an that I used to recite every day. I disliked to come till I had completed it.

Aws said: I asked the companions of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him): How do you divide the Qur’an for daily recitation? They said: Three surahs, five surahs, eleven surahs, thirteen surahs’ mufassal surahs.


Book 2, Number 1389:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-‘As:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: He who recites the Qur’an in a period less than three days does not understand it.


Book 2, Number 1390:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-‘As:

Wahb ibn Munabbih said: Abdullah ibn Amr asked the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him); In how many days should one complete the recitation of the Qur’an? He said: In forty days. He then said: In one month. He again said: In twenty days. He then said: In fifteen days. He then said: In ten days. Finally he said: In seven days.


Book 2, Number 1391:

Narrated Ibn Mas’ud:

Alqamah and al-Aswad said: A man came to Ibn Mas’ud. He said: I recite the mufassal surahs in one rak’ah. You might recite it quickly as one recites verse (poetry) quickly, or as the dried dates fall down (from the tree).

But the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) used to recite two equal surahs in one rak’ah; he would recite (for instance) surahs an-Najm (53) and ar-Rahman (55) in one rak’ah, surahs Iqtarabat (54) and al-Haqqah (69) in one rak’ah, surahs at-Tur (52) and adh-Dhariyat (51) in one rak’ah, surahs al-Waqi’ah (56) and Nun (68) in one rak’ah, surahs al-Ma’arij (70) and an-Nazi’at (79) in one rak’ah, surahs al-Mutaffifin (83) and Abasa (80) in one rak’ah, surahs al-Muddaththir (74) and al-Muzzammil (73) in one rak’ah, surahs al-Insan (76) and al-Qiyamah (75) in one rak’ah, surahs an-Naba’ (78) and al-Mursalat (77) in one rak’ah, and surahs ad-Dukhan (44) and at-Takwir (81) in one rak’ah.


Book 2, Number 1392:

Narrated ‘Abd al-Rahman b. Yazid:

I asked Abu Mus’ud while he was making circumambulation of the Ka’bah (about the recitation of some verses from the Qur’an). He said: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: If anyone recites two verses from the last of Sura al-Baqarah at night, they will be sufficient for him.


Book 2, Number 1393:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-‘As:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: If anyone prays at night reciting regularly ten verses, he will not be recorded among the negligent; if anyone prays at night and recites a hundred verses, he will be recorded among those who are obedient to Allah; and if anyone prays at night reciting one thousand verses, he will be recorded among those who receive huge rewards.

Abu Dawud said: The name of Ibn Hujairah al-Asghar is ‘Abd Allah b. ‘Abd al-Rahman b. Hujairah.


Book 2, Number 1394:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr:

A man came to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) and said: Teach me to read the Qur’an, Apostle of Allah.

He said: Read three surahs which begin with A.L.R. He said: My age is advanced, my mind has become dull (i.e. memory has grown weak), and my tongue has grown heavy). So he said: Then read three surahs which begin with H.M. He repeated the same words. So he said: Read three surahs which begin with the “Glorification of Allah”. But he repeated the same excuse. The man then said: Teach me a comprehensive surah, Apostle of Allah. The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) taught him Surah (99). “When the Earth is shaken with her earthquake”. When he finished it, the man said: By Him Who sent you with truth, I shall never add anything to it. Then man then went away.

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said twice: The man received salvation.


Chapter 478: On the number of verses in a surah


Book 2, Number 1395:

Narrated Abu Hurairah:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: A surah of the Qur’an containing thirty verses will intercede its reader till he will be forgiven. That is: “Blessed is He in Whose Hand is the sovereignty” (Surah 67).


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