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Book 2 – Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat): Detailed Rules of Law about the Prayer during Journey

by I Need Allah

Chapter 421: The Prayer of a traveller


Book 2, Number 1194:

Narrated ‘A’ishah, Ummul Mu’minin:

The prayer was prescribed as consisting of two rak’ahs both when one was resident and when travelling. The prayer while travelling was left according to the original prescription and the prayer of one who was resident was enhanced.


Book 2, Number 1195:

Narrated Ya’la b. Umayyah:

I remarked to ‘Umar b. al-Khattab: Have you seen the shortening of the prayer by the people today while Allah has said; “If you fear that those who are infidels may afflict you” (iv. 101), whereas those days are gone now? He replied: I have wondered about the same matter for which you wondered. So I mentioned this to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). He said: It is an act of charity which Allah has done to you, so accept His charity.


Book 2, Number 1196:

The above mentioned tradition has also been narrated through a different chain of transmitters by ‘Abd Allah b. Abi ‘Ammar who narrated it in a like manner.

Abu Dawud said: This has been transmitted by Abu ‘Asim and Hammad b. Mas’adah as transmitted by Ibn Bakr.


Chapter 422: When should a traveller shorten his prayer?


Book 2, Number 1197:

Narrated Yahya b. Yazid al-Hannani:

I asked Anas b. Malik about the shortening of the prayer (while travelling). He said: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) went out on a journey of three miles or three farakh (generally 5250 yards) (the narrator Shu’bah doubted), he used to pray two rak’ahs.


Book 2, Number 1198:

Narrated Anas b. Malik:

I prayed along with the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) four rak’ahs at the noon prayer at Medina and two rak’ahs at the afternoon prayer in Dhu al-Hulaifah. (at a distance of six miles from Medina).


Chapter 423: To pronounce the adhan while travelling


Book 2, Number 1199:

Narrated Uqbah ibn Amir:

I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) say: Allah is pleased with a shepherd of goats who calls to prayer at the peak of a mountain, and offers prayer, Allah, the Exalted, says: Look at this servant of Mine; he calls to prayer and offers it and he fears Mr. So I forgive him and admit him to paradise.


Chapter 424: On offering prayer by a traveller during journey while has doubt about its correct timing.


Book 2, Number 1200:

Narrated Mishaj b. Musa:

I asked Anas b. Malik: Narrate to us what you heard the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) say. He said: When you travelled along with the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him), we would say: Did the sun pass the meridian or not? But he (the Prophet) would offer the noon prayer and then proceed.


Book 2, Number 1201:

Narrated Anas ibn Malik:

When the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) halted at a certain place (while on a journey), he would not leave that place till he offered the noon prayer. A man said to him: Even if in the middle of the day? He replied: Even if in the middle of the day.


Chapter 425: On the combination of two prayers at a time


Book 2, Number 1202:

Narrated <u’adh b.=”” jabal:=”” <p=””>They (the Companions) proceeded on the expedition of Tabuk along with the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). He combined the noon and the afternoon prayers and the sunset and night prayers. One day he dalayed the prayers and came out (of his dwelling) and combined the noon and the afternoon prayers. He then went in and came out and combined the sunset and the night prayers.</u’adh>


Book 2, Number 1203:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:

Ibn Umar was informed about the death of Safiyyah (the wife of the Prophet) when he was at Mecca. He proceeded till the sun set and the stars shined. He said: When the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) was in a hurry about something while on a journey, he would combine both these prayers. He proceed till twilight had disappeared. He then combined both of them (the prayers).


Book 2, Number 1204:

Narrated Mu’adh ibn Jabal:

On the expedition to Tabuk if the sun had passed the meridian before the apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) moved off, he combined the noon and the afternoon prayers; but if he moved off before the sun had passed the meridian, he delayed the noon prayer till he halted for the afternoon prayer. He acted similarly for the sunset prayer; if the sun set before he moved off, he combined the sunset and the night prayers, but if he moved off before sunset, he delayed the sunset prayer till he halted for the night prayer and then combined them.

Abu Dawud said: Hisham b. ‘Urwah narrated this tradition from Husain b. ‘Abd Allah, from Kuraib on the authority of Ibn ‘Abbas from the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) like the tradition narrated by Mufaffal and al-Laith.


Book 2, Number 1205:

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) never combined the sunset and the night prayers while on journey except once.

Abu Dawud said: This has been narrated by Ayyub from Nafi’ from Ibn ‘Umar as a statement of Ibn ‘Umar. Ibn ‘Umar was never sen combining these two prayers except on the night he was informed of the death of Safiyyah. This tradition narrated by Makhul from Nafi’ indicates that he (Nafi’) saw Ibn ‘Umar doing so once or twice.


Book 2, Number 1206:

Narrated ‘Abd Allah b. ‘Abbas:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) combined the noon and the afternoon prayers, and combined the sunset and the night prayers without any danger or journey. Malik said: I think it so happened during rain.

Abu Dawud said: Hammad b. Salamah narrated in a like manner from Abu al-Zubair; it has been narrated by Qurrah b. Khalid from Abu al-Zubair. He said: It so happened in a journey that we made to Tabuk.


Book 2, Number 1207:

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) combined the noon and the afternoon prayers, and the sunset and the night prayers at Medina without any danger or rain. He was asked: What did he intend by it? He replied: He intended that his community might not fall into hardship.


Book 2, Number 1208:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:

Abdullah ibn Waqid said: The mu’adhdhin of Ibn Umar said: prayer (i.e. the time of prayer has come). He said: Go ahead. He then alighted before the disappearance. He then offered the night prayer. He then said: When the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) was in a hurry about something, he would do as I did. Then he travelled and covered a distance of three days’ journey on the day.

Abu Dawud siad: A simmilar tradition has been transmitted by Ibn Ja’far from Nafi’ with the same chain.


Book 2, Number 1209:

This tradition has also been transmitted by Ibrahim b. Musa al-razi, from ‘Isa, on the authority of Ibn Jabir to the same effect.


Book 2, Number 1210:

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) led us in prayer at Medina eight and seven rak’ahs, in the noon and the afternoon prayers, and the sunset and the night prayers. The narrators Sulaiman and Musaddad did not say the words “led us.”

Abu Dawud said: The aforesaid tradition has also been narrated by Salih client of Ru’mah on the authority of Ibn ‘Abbas, saying: “Not during rain.”


Book 2, Number 1211:

Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:

When the sun set at Mecca, the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) combined the two prayers at Sarif.


Book 2, Number 1212:

Narrated Hisham b. Sa’d:

There was a distance of ten miles between them, that is, between Mecca and Sarif.


Book 2, Number 1213:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:

Abdullah ibn Dinar said: The sun set when I was with Abdullah ibn Umar. We proceeded, and when we saw that the evening came, we said prayer. He went on travelling until the twilight disappeared and the stars became thick. He then slighted and combined the two prayers. Then he said: I saw the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him); when he hastened his travelling, he would pray like this prayer of mine. He said: He would combine the two prayers after the passing of a part of night. AbuDawud said: This has been transmitted by Asim ibn Muhammad from his brother on the authority of Salim and this has also been narrated by Ibn AbuNajih from Isma’il ibn AbdurRahman ibn Dhuwayb saying that Ibn Umar would combine the two prayers after the disappearance of twilight.


Book 2, Number 1214:

Narrated Anas b. Malik:

When the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) proceeded before the sun had declined, he delayed the noon prayer till the time of the afternoon prayer; he would then alight and combine the two prayers. If the sun declined before he moved off, he would offer the noon prayer and rode (the beast) – peace_be_upon_him.

Abu Dawud said: The narrator Mufaddal was the judge of Egypt. His supplication was accepted by Allah; he was the son of Fudalah.


Book 2, Number 1215:

The above mentioned tradition has also been reported by ‘Uqail through a diferent chain of narrators. He said: He would delay the evening prayer till he combined the evening and the night prayers when the twilight disappeared.


Book 2, Number 1216:

Narrated Mu’adh ibn Jabal:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) was engaged in the Battle of Tabuk. If he moved off before the sun had declined, he would delay the noon prayer till he would combine it with the afternoon prayer and would offer them together. If he moved off after the sun had declined, he would combine the noon and afternoon prayers, and then he proceeded; if he moved off before the evening prayer, he would delay the evening prayer; he would offer it along with the night prayer, he would delay the evening prayer; he would offer it along with the night prayer. If he moved off after the evening prayer, he would offer the night prayer earlier and offer it along with the evening prayer.

Abu Dawud said: this tradition has not been narated by anyone except Qutaibah.


Chapter 426: On the shortening the recitation of the Qur’an during prayer while travelling


Book 2, Number 1217:

Narrated Al Bara’:

We went on a journey along with the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). He led us in the night prayer and he recited in one of the rak’ahs: “By the fig and the olive” (Surah xcv.).


Chapter 427: To offer supererogatory prayer while travelling


Book 2, Number 1218:

Narrated Al-Bara’ ibn Azib:

I accompanied the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) on eighteen journeys and I never saw him fail to pray two rak’ahs when the sun had passed the meridian before offering the noon prayer.


Book 2, Number 1219:

Narrated Hafs b. ‘Asim:

I accompanied Ibn ‘Umar on the way (on a journey). He led us in two rak’ahs of (the noon) prayer. Then he proceeded and saw some people standing. He asked: What are they doing? I replied: They are glorifying Allah (i.e. offering supererogatory prayer). He said: If I had offered the supererogatory prayer (while travelling), I would have completed prayer, my cousin. I accompanied the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) during the journey, he did not pray more than two rak’ahs until his death. I also accompanied Abu Bakr, and he prayed two rak’ahs and nothing more until he died. I also accompanied ‘Umar and he prayed two rak’ahs and nothing more until he died. I also accompanied ‘Uthman and prayed two rak’ahs and nothing more until he died. Allah, the exalted said: “Certainly you have in the Messenger of Allah an excelent exampler” (xxxiii.).


Chapter 428: To offer the supererogatory prayer and witr prayer on a riding beast


Book 2, Number 1220:

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar:

While travelling the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) would pray voluntary prayer on his riding beast in whatever direction it turned; and he would observe a witr prayer, but he did not offer the obligatory prayers upon it.


Book 2, Number 1221:

Narrated Anas ibn Malik:

When the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) was on a journey and wished to say voluntary prayer, he made his she-camel face the qiblah and uttered the takbir (Allah is most great), then prayed in whatever direction his mount made his face.


Book 2, Number 1222:

Narrated ‘Abd Allah b. ‘Umar:

I saw the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) praying on a donkey while he was facing Khaibar.


Book 2, Number 1223:

Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) sent me on some business, and when I came to him he was praying on (the back of) his riding beast (moving) towards the east and making the prostration lower than the bowing.


Chapter 429: to offer the obligatory prayer on a riding beast on account of some excuse?


Book 2, Number 1224:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:

Ata’ ibn AbuRabah asked Aisha: Can women offer prayer on a riding beast? She replied: They were not permitted to do so in hardship or comfort. Muhammad ibn Shu’ayb said: This (prohibition) applies to the obligatory prayers.


Chapter 430: When should a traveller observe complete prayer?


Book 2, Number 1225:

Narrated Imran ibn Husayn:

I went on an expedition with the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him), and I was present with him at the conquest. He stayed eighteen days in Mecca and prayed only two rak’ahs (at each time of prayer). And he said: You who live in the town must pray four; we are travellers.


Book 2, Number 1226:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) had a stop of seventeen days in Mecca and he shortened the prayer (i.e. prayed two rak’ahs at each time of prayer). Ibn Abbas said: He who stays seventeen days should shorten the prayer; and who stays more than that should offer complete prayer.


Book 2, Number 1227:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) stayed fifteen days in Mecca in the year of Conquest. Shortening the prayer.


Book 2, Number 1228:

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) stayed in Mecca seventeen days and prayed two rak’ahs (at the time of prayer).


Book 2, Number 1229:

Narrated Anas b. Malik:

We went out from Medina to Mecca with the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) and he prayed two rak’ahs (at each time of prayer) till we returned to Medina. We (the people) said: Did you stay there for some time? He replied: We stayed there ten days.


Book 2, Number 1230:

Narrated Ali ibn Abu Talib ; Anas ibn Malik:

Muhammad reported from his father, Umar, on the authority of his grandfather, Ali ibn AbuTalib: When Ali travelled, he continued to travel till it became nearly dark. He then alighted and offered the sunset prayer. Then he would call for his dinner and eat it. Then he prayed the night prayer and then moved off.

He would say: This is how the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) used to do.

Usamah ibn Zayd reported from Hafs ibn Ubaydullah, the son of Anas ibn Malik: Anas would combine them (the evening and night prayer) when the twilight disappeared.

He said: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) used to do so. Az-Zuhri also reported similarly on the authority of Anas from the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him).


Chapter 431: On shortening the prayer when encamped in enemy territory


Book 2, Number 1231:

Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) stayed at Tabuk twenty days; he shortened the prayer (during his stay).


Chapter 432: Prayer in time of danger


A view that the imam should lead all the people in prayer and they should stand in two rows. He then should utter the takbir (Allah is great) along with them and bow together. Then the imam and the row near him should prostrate themselves, while the row behind them (i.e. the second row) should stand guard over them. Then the people in the front row should take the place of the second row, and the people in the second row should step forwar in their place (the front row). The imam then should bow and all of them (i.e. both the rows) should bow along with him. He then should prostrate and the row near him should also prostrate. The people in the second row should stand guard over them. When the imam and the row which is near to him sit (for the tashahhud), the people in the second row should perform prostration. Then all of them should sit and the imam should utter the salutation along with them.

Abu Dawud said: This is the opinion of Sufyan.


Book 2, Number 1232:

Narrated Abu Ayyash az-Zuraqi:

We accompanied the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) at Usfan, and Khalid ibn al-Walid was the chief of unbelievers. We offered the noon prayer.

Thereupon, the unbelievers said: We suffered from negligence; we became careless. We should have attacked them while they were praying. Thereupon the verse was revealed, relating to the shortening of the prayer (in time of danger) between the noon and afternoon (prayer).

When the time of the afternoon prayer came, the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) stood facing the qiblah, and the unbelievers were standing in front of him. The people stood in a row behind the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) and there was another row behind this row. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) bowed and all of them bowed. He then prostrated and also the row near him prostrated. The other people in the second row remained standing and stood guard over them. When they performed two prostrations and stood up, those who were behind them prostrated. The people in the front row near him then stepped backward taking the place of the people in the second row and the second row took the place of the first row.

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) then bowed and all of them bowed together. Then he and the row near him prostrated themselves. The other people in the second row remained standing and stood guard over them. When the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) and the row near him (i.e. the front row) were seated, the people in the second row behind them prostrated themselves. Then all of them were seated. (He (the Prophet) then uttered the salutation upon all of them. He prayed in his manner at Usfan as well as at the territory of Banu Sulaym.

Abu Dawud said: This tradition has been narrated by Ayyub and Hisham from Abu al-Zubair on the authority of Jabir to the same effect from the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him). Simmilarly, this has been transmitted by Dawud b. Husain from ‘Ikrimah, on the authority of Ibn ‘Abbas. This has also been reported by ‘Abd al-Malik, from ‘Ata’ from Jabir in a like manner. This has also been narrated by Qatadah from al-Hasan from Hittan on the authority of Abu Musa in a similar way. Simmilarly, this has also been reported by ‘Ikrimah b. Khalid from Mujahid from the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him). This has also been reported by Hisham b. ‘Urwah from his father from the Prophet (peace-be_upon_him). This is the opinion of al-Thawri.


Chapter 433: A second view goes that the people should form a row along with the Imam and form the other row facing the enemy. The Imam should lead the people who are with him in one rakah and then should remain standing so that those who are with him might complete the other rak’ah. These people should then turn away and form a row facing the enemy. The other section should then come and the Imam should lead them in one rak’ah and he would remain seated in his place until they complete the other rak’ah by themselves. The Imam should then utter the salutation along with all of them.


Book 2, Number 1233:

Narrated Sahl b. Abi Hathmah:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) prayed in the times of danger and divided them (the people) behind him in two rows. He then led those who were near him in one rak’ah. Then he stood and remained standing till those who were in the second row offered one rak’ah. Thereafter they came forward and those who were in front of them (in the first row) stepped backward. The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) led them in one rak’ah of prayer. He sat down till those who were in the second row completed one rak’ah. He then uttered the salutation.


Chapter 434: A third view goes that when the Imam completes one rak’ah along with one section, he should remain standing, and the people behind him should complete the second rak’ah by themselves and utter the salutation. Then they should turn away and take their position facing the enemy. Opinion is divided about the utterance of the salutation


Book 2, Number 1234:

Salih b. Khawwat reported on the authority of a person who offered the prayer in the time of danger along with the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) at the Battle of Dhat al-Riqa. One section of the people stood in the row of prayer along with the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) and the other section remained standing in front of the enemy. He led those who were with him in one rak’ah and remained standing (in his place) and they completed (the second rak’ah) by themselves. Then they turned away and arrayed before the enemy. Thereafter the other section came and he led them in the rak’ah which remained from his prayer. He then remained sitting (in his place) and they completed their one rak’ah by themselves. He then uttered the salutation along with them.

Malik said: I like the tradition reported by Yazid b. Ruman (i.e. the present tradition) more than (other versions) I heard.


Book 2, Number 1235:

Narrated Sahl b. Hathmah al-Ansari:

The prayer in the time of danger should be offered in the following way: The imam should stand (for prayer) and a section of the person should stand along with him. The other section should stand facing the enemy. The imam should perform bowing and prostrate himself along with those who are with him. He then should stand (after prostration)and, when he stands straight, he should remain standing. They (the people) should (in the meantime) complete their remaining rak’ah (i.e. the second one). Then they should utter the salutation, and turn away while the imam should remain standing. Then they should go before the enemy. Thereafter those who did not pray should come forward and utter the takbir (Allah is most great) behind the imam. He should bow and prostrate along with them and utter the salutation. Then they should stand and complete their remaining rak’ah, and utter the salutation.

Abu Dawud said: This tradition reported by Yahya b. Sa’id from al-Qasim is similar to the one transmitted by Yazid b. Ruman except that he differed with him in salutation. the tradition reported by ‘Ubaid Allah is like one reported by Yahya b. Sa’id, saying: He (the prophet) remained standing.


Chapter 435: A fouth view that goes that al the people should utter the first takbir together, though their back is towards the Qiblah. Then a sectiom of them should offer one rak’ah along with the imam, and go to the place of their companions (facing the enemy) and the other section should come and offer one rak’ah by themselves. The imam then should lead them in one rak’ah. Thereafter the section which stands before the enemy should come forward and offer one rak’ah by themselves, while the imam should remain seated. (When they complete one rak’ah) he should utter the salutation along with all of them


Book 2, Number 1236:

Narrated Abu Hurairah:

Urwah ibn az-Zubayr reported that Marwan ibn al-Hakam asked Abu Hurairah: Did you pray in time of danger with the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him)?

Abu Hurairah replied: Yes. Marwan then asked: When? Abu Hurairah said: On the occasion of the Battle of Najd. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) stood up to offer the afternoon prayer. One section stood with him (to pray) and the other was standing before the enemy, and their backs were towards the qiblah. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) uttered the takbir and all of them too uttered the takbir, i.e. those who were with him and those who were facing the enemy. Then the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) offered one rak’ah and the section that was with him also prayed one rak’ah. He then prostrated himself and those who were with him also prostrated, while the other section was standing before the enemy.

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) then stood up and the section with him also stood up. They went and faced the enemy and the section that was previously facing the enemy stepped forward. They bowed and prostrated while the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) was standing in the same position. Then they stood up and the Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon) prayed another rak’ah and all of them bowed and prostrated along with him. After that the section that was standing before the enemy came forward and they bowed and prostrated, while the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) remained seated and also those who were with him. The salutation then followed. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) uttered the salutation and all of them uttered it together. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) prayed two rak’ahs and each of the two sections prayed one rak’ah with him (and the other by themselves).


Book 2, Number 1237:

Narrated Abu Hurairah:

We went out with the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) to Najd. When we reached Dhat ar-Riqa at Nakhl (or in a valley with palm trees) he met a group of the tribe of Ghatafan. The narrator then reported the tradition to the same effect, but his version is other than that of Haywah. He added to the words “when he bowed along with those who were with him and prostrated” the words “when they stood up, they retraced their footsteps to the rows of their companions”. He did not mention the words “their back was towards the qiblah”.

Abu Dawud said: This tradition has been transmitted by ‘A’ishah, Ummul Mu’minin through a different chain of transmitters. She said:The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) uttered the takbir and the section that was in the same row with him also uttered the takbir. He then bowed and they also bowed, and he prostrated and they also prostrated. Then he raised his head and they also raised (their heads). The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) then remained seated. They prostrated alone and stood up and retraced their footsteps and stood behind them.

Then the other section came; they stood up and uttered the takbir and bowed by themselves. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) prostrated himself and they also prostrated with him. Then the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) stood up and they performed the second prostration by themselves. Then both the sections stood up and prayed with the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). He bowed and they also bowed, and then he prostrated himself and they also prostrated themselves. Then he returned and performed the second prostration and they also prostrated with him as quickly as possible, showing no slackness in quick prostration. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) then uttered the salutation. After that the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) stood up. Thus everyone participated in the entire prayer.


Chapter 436: A fifth view goes that the Imam should lead each of the sections in one rak’ah; then he should utter the salutation. Each section then should stand and complete one rak’ah by themselves.


Book 2, Number 1238:

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) led one section in one rak’ah of prayer and the other section was facing the enemy. Then they turned away and took the position of the other section. They (the other section) came and he (the Prophet) led them in the second rak’ah. He then uttered the salutation. Thereafter they stood up and completed the remaining rak’ah; they went away and the other section completed their remaining rak’ah. Abu Dawud said: This tradition has been narrated by Nafi’ and Khalid b. Ma’dan from Ibn ‘Umar in like manner from the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him). This has also been transmitted similarly by Masruq and Yusuf b. Mihran on the authority of Ibn ‘Abbas. This has been narrated by Yunus from al-Hasan from Abu Musa something similar, saying that Abu Musa had done so.


Chapter 437: A sixth view that the imam should lead each section in one rak’ah and then utter the salutation. Thereafter those behind him should complete their second rak’ah by themselves. The other section then should take their place and offer one rak’ah.


Book 2, Number 1239:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas’ud:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) led us in prayer in the time of danger. They (the people) stood in two rows. One row was behind the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) and the other faced the enemy. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) led them in one rak’ah,and then the other section came and took their place; they went and faced the enemy. The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) led them in one rak’ah and uttered the salutation. They stood up and prayed the second rak’ah by themselves and uttered the salutation and went away; they took the place of the other section facing the enemy. They came back and took their place. They prayed one rak’ah by themselves and then uttered the salutation.


Book 2, Number 1240:

This tradition has been transmitted by Khusaif with a different chain of narrators to the same effect. This version adds: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) uttered the takbir and both the rows uttered the takbir together.

Abu Dawud said: This tradition has been narrated by al-Thawri to the same effect on the authority of Khusaif. ‘Abd al-Rahman b. Samurah also prayed in like manner. But the section which he (the Prophet) led in one rak’ah and then uttered the salutation and went and took the place of their companions. They came and prayed one rak’ah by themselves. Then they returned to their place and they prayed (one rak’ah) by themselves.

Abu Dawud said: Muslim b. Ibrahim reported from ‘Abd al-Samad b. Habib on the authority of his father that they had fought a battle at Kabul along with ‘Abd al-rahman b. Samurah. He led us in prayer in time of danger.


Chapter 438: A seventh view that Imam should lead each section in one rak’ah severellay and they should not pray the second rak’ah by themselves.


Book 2, Number 1241:

Narrated Hudhayfah:

Tha’labah ibn Zahdam said: We accompanied Sa’d ibn al-‘As at Tabaristan. He stood and said: Which of you prayed along with the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) in time of danger? Hudhayfah said: I then he led one section in one rak’ah and the other section in one rak’ah. They did not pray the second rak’ah by themselves.


Book 2, Number 1242:

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas:

Allah, the Exalted, prescribed prayer for you, through the tongue of the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him), four rak’ahs while resident, two rak’ahs while travelling and one rak’ah in the time of danger.


Chapter 439: An eight view goes that the Imam should lead each section in two rak’ahs


Book 2, Number 1243:

Narrated Abu Bakrah:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) offered the noon prayer in time of danger. Some of the people formed a row behind him and others arrayed themselves against the enemy. He led them in two rak’ahs and then he uttered the salutation. Then those who were with him went away and took the position of their companions before the enemy. Then they came and prayed behind him. He led them in two rak’ahs and uttered the salutation. Thus the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) offered four rak’ahs and his companions offered two rak’ahs. Al-Hasan used to give legal verdict on the authority of this tradition.

Abu Dawud said: This will be so in the sunset prayer. The imam will offer six rak’ahs and the people three rak’ahs.

Abu Dawud said: Yahya b. Abi Kathir narrated from Abu Salamah from Jabir from the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) something similar. Sulaiman al-Yashkuri reported it from Jabir from the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) in a like manner.


Chapter 440: Prayer of a pursuer


Book 2, Number 1244:

Narrated ‘Abd Allah b. Unais:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) send me to Khalid b. Sufyan al-Hudhali. This was towards ‘Uranah and ‘Arafat. He (the Prophet) said: Go and kill him. I saw him when the time of the afternoon prayer had come. I said: I am afraid if a fight takes place between me and him (Khalid b. Sufyan), that might delay the prayer. I proceeded walking towards him while I was praying making a sign. When I reached near him, he said to me: Who are you? I replied: A man from the Arabs; it came to me that you were gathering (an army) for this man (i.e. the Prophet). Hence I came to you in connection with this matter. He said: I am (engaged) in this (work). I then walked along with him for a while.; when it became convenient for me, I dominated him with my sword until he became cold (dead).


Chapter 441: The detailed injunctions about the supererogatory prayer and the rak’ahs of the sunan prayer


Book 2, Number 1245:

Narrated Umm Habibah:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: If anyone prays in the day and a night twelve rak’ahs voluntarily (supererogatory prayer), a house will be built for him in Paradise on account of these (rak’ahs).


Book 2, Number 1246:

Narrated Abd Allah b. Shaqiq:

I asked ‘A’ishah about the voluntary prayers offered by the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). She replied: Before the noon prayer he would pray four rak’ahs in my house, them go out and lead the people in prayer, then return to my house and pray two rak’ahs. He would lead the people in the sunset prayer, then return to my house and pray two rak’ahs. Then he would lead the people in the night prayer, and enter my house and pray two rak’ahs. He would pray nine rak’ahs during the night, including witr (prayer). At night he would pray for a long time standing and a long time sitting. When he recited the Qur’an while standing, he would bow and prostrate himself from the standing position; and when he recited while sitting, he would bow and prostrate himself in the sitting position; and when dawn came he prayed two rak’ahs, and then he would come out and lead the people in the dawn prayer.


Book 2, Number 1247:

Narrated ‘Abd Allah b. ‘Umar:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) would pray two rak’ahs before and two after the noon prayer, two after the sunset prayer in his house, and two after the night prayer. He would not pray after the Friday prayer till he departed. He would then pray two rak’ahs.


Book 2, Number 1248:

Narrated ‘A’ishah:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) never omitted four rak’ahs before the noon prayer, and two rak’ahs before the dawn prayer.


Chapter 442: On observing two rak’ahs before the dawn prayer


Book 2, Number 1249:

Narrated ‘A’ishah:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) was more particular about observing the supererogatory rak’ahs before the dawn prayer than about observing any of the supererogatory prayers.


Chapter 443: On observing the sunan prayer at dawn lightly


Book 2, Number 1250:

Narrated ‘A’ishah:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) would pray two rak’ahs before the dawn prayer lightly so that I would say: Did he recite Surah al-Fatiha in them.


Book 2, Number 1251:

Narrated Abu Hurairah:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) would recite in both the rak’ahs of the dawn prayer: “Say, O unbeleivers” (Surah cix) and “Say: he is Allah, the One” (Surah cxii.).


Book 2, Number 1252:

Narrated Bilal:

Ziyadah al-Kindi reported on the authority of Bilal that he (Bilal) came to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) to inform him about the dawn prayer. Aisha kept Bilal engaged in a matter which she asked him till the day was bright and it became fairly light. Bilal then stood up and called him to prayer and called him repeatedly. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) did not yet come out. When he came out, he led the people in prayer and he (Bilal) informed him that Aisha had kept him engaged in a matter which she asked him till it became fairly light; hence he became late in reaching him (in time). He (Bilal) said: Apostle of Allah, the dawn became fairly bright. He said: If the dawn became brighter than it is now, I would pray them (the two rak’ahs of the sunnah prayer), offer them well and in a more beautiful manner.


Book 2, Number 1253:

Narrated Abu Hurairah:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Do not omit them (the two rak’ahs before the dawn prayer) even if you are driven away by the horses.


Book 2, Number 1254:

Narrated ‘Abd Allah b. ‘Abbas:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) used to recite in both rak’ahs of the dawn prayer: “Say: We beleive in Allah and in the revealation given to us” (ii. 136). This is in the first rak’ah; and in the second rak’ah (he recited): “We beleive in Allah and bear thou witness that we are submitting ones” (iii. 51).


Book 2, Number 1255:

Narrated Abu Hurairah:

I heard the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) recite in both rak’ahs of the dawn: “say: We beleive in Allah, and in the revealation given to us” (ii. 136). This is in the first rak’ah. In the second rak’ah (he recited) this verse: “O Lord, we beleive in that which Thou hast revealed and we follow the messenger, so write us down with those who bear witness” (iii. 53) or he recited: “Surely, We have sent thee with truth as a bearer of good news and as a warner, and thou wilt not be called upon to answer for the companions of the flaming fire” (ii. 119). Al-Darawardi doubted (which of the verses he recited).


Chapter 444: On lying after praying the two rak’ahs before the dawn prayer


Book 2, Number 1256:

Narrated Abu Hurairah:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: If any of you prays two rak’ahs before the dawn prayer, he should lie at his right side.

Marwan ibn al-Hakam said to him: Is it not enough that one of us walks to the mosque until he lies at his right side? According to the version of Ubaydullah, he (Abu Hurairah) replied: No.

This statement (of Abu Hurairah) reached Ibn Umar. He said: Abu Hurairah exceed limits on himself. He was asked: Do you look askance at what he says? He replied: No, but he dared and we showed cowardice. This (criticism of Ibn Umar) reached Abu Hurairah. He said: What is my sin if I remembered and they forgot?


Book 2, Number 1257:

Narrated ‘A’ishah:

When the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) finished his prayer late in the night, he would see. If I was awake, he would talk to me. If I was sleeping, he would awaken me, and pray two rak’ahs, then he would lie down as long as the muadhdhdin came to him and called him for the dawn prayer. Then he would pray two rak’ahs lightly and come out for the prayer.


Book 2, Number 1258:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:

When the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) prayed the two rak’ahs of the dawn prayer, he would lie down if I was asleep; in case I was awake, he would talk to me.


Book 2, Number 1259:

Narrated Abu Bakrah:

I came out with the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) to offer the dawn prayer. When he passed by a sleeping man he called him for prayer or moved him with his foot. The narrator Ziyad said: This tradition has been reported to us by Abu al-Fadl.


Chapter 445: On praying the two rak’ahs of the sunan prayer at the time when the Imam is leading the people in the obligatory prayer of the dawn


Book 2, Number 1260:

Narrated ‘Abd Allah b. Sarjas:

A man came while the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) was leading the people in the dawn prayer. He prayed the two rak’ahs and then joined the congrgational prayer led by the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him). When he finished the prayer, the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: So and so, which was your real prayer, the one you prayed alone or the one offered with us?


Book 2, Number 1261:

Narrated Abu Hurairah:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: When the iqamah is pronounced for prayer, no prayer ia valid except the obligatory prayer.


Chapter 446: When should a person offer the two rak’ahs of the dawn prayer (sunsn prayer) if he misses them?


Book 2, Number 1262:

Narrated Qays ibn Amr:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) saw a person praying after the congregational prayer at dawn was over. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: There are two rak’ahs of the dawn praye (i.e. the prescribed rak’ahs). The man replied: I did not pray the two rak’ahs before the dawn prayer. Hence I offered them now. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) kept silent.


Book 2, Number 1263:

This tradition has also been transmitted by ‘Ata’ b. Abi Rabah on the authority of Sa’d b. Sa’id through a different chain of narrators.

Abu Dawud said: ‘Abd Rabbihi and Yahya b. Sa’id also narrated this tradition from the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) ommiting the name of the Companion (mursal). Their grandfather Zaid prayed along with the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him).


Chapter 447: The four rak’ahs before and four rak’ahs after the noon prayer


Book 2, Number 1264:

Narrated Umm Habibah:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: If anyone keeps on praying regularly four rak’ahs before and four after the noon prayer, he will not enter the Hell-fire.


Book 2, Number 1265:

Narrated Abu Ayyub:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: The gates of heaven are opened for four rak’ahs containing no taslim (salutation) before the noon prayer.


Chapter 448: The sunan prayer before the afternoon prayer


Book 2, Number 1266:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: May Allah show mercy to a ma who prays four rak’ahs before the afternoon prayer.


Book 2, Number 1267:

Narrated ‘Ali:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) used to pray two rak’ahs before the afternoon prayer.


Chapter 449: To offer the supererogatory prayer after the afternoon prayer


Book 2, Number 1268:

Narrated Khuraib, the client of Ibn ‘Abbas:

‘Abd Allah b. ‘Abbas, Abd al-Rahman b. Azhar and al-Miswar b. Makhramah sent him to ‘A’ishah, wife of the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him). They said: Convey our regards to her from all of us and ask her about the two rak’ahs after the afternoon prayer; and tell her that we have been informed that she prays them; and we are told that the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) prohibited them. I entered upon her and told her that for which they had sent me. She said: Ask Umm Salamah. I returned to them Ibn ‘Abbas and others) and informed them about her opinion. They sent me back to Umm Salamah with the same mission for which they had sent me to ‘A’ishah. Umm Salamah said: I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) prohibiting them, but I later on saw him praying them. When he prayed them, he had offered the afternoon prayer. He then came to me while a number of woman from Banu Haram from the Ansar were sitting with me. He prayed these two rak’ahs. I sent a slave girl to him and I told her: Stand beside him and tell him that Umm Salamah has asked: Apostle of Allah, I heard you prohibiting these two rak’ahs (after the afternoon prayer) but I see you praying them yourself. If he makes a sign with his hand, step backwards from him. The slave-girl did so. He (the Prophet) made a sign with his hand; she turned away from him. When he finished his prayer, he said: O daughter of Abu Ummayah, you asked about praying of two rak’ahs after the afternoon prayer; in fact, some people of ‘Abd al-Qais had come to me with the news their people had embraced Islam. They hindered me from praying the two rak’ahs after the afternoon prayer. It is those two rak’ahs (which I offered after the afternoon prayer).


Chapter 450: The view that the praying of the two rak’ahs after the afternoon prayer is permissible when the sun is at its height


Book 2, Number 1269:

Narrated Ali ibn Abu Talib:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) prohibited to offer prayer after the afternoon prayer except at the time when the sun is high up in the sky.


Book 2, Number 1270:

Narrated Ali ibn Abu Talib:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) would offer two rak’ahs after every obligatory prayer except the dawn and the afternoon prayer.


Book 2, Number 1271:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

Some reliable people testified before me, and among them was Umar ibn al-Khattab, and most reliable in my eyes was Umar: The Prophet of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: There is no prayer after the dawn prayer until the sun rises; and there is no prayer after the afternoon prayer until the sun sets.


Book 2, Number 1272:

Narrated Amr ibn Anbasah as-Sulami:

I asked: Apostle of Allah, in which part of night the supplication is more likely to be accepted?

He replied: In the last part: Pray as much as you like, for the prayer is attended by the angels and it is recorded till you offer the dawn prayer; then stop praying when the sun is rising till it has reached the height of one or two lances, for it rises between the two horns of the Devil, and the infidels offer prayer for it (at that time). Then pray as much as you like, because the prayer is witnessed and recorded till the shadow of a lance be- comes equal to it. Then cease prayer, for at that time the Hell-fire is heated up and doors of Hell are opened.

When the sun declines, pray as much as you like, for the prayer is witnessed till you pray the afternoon prayer; then cease prayer till the sun sets, for it sets between the horns of the Devil, and (at that time) the infidels offer prayer for it. He narrated a lengthy tradition.

Abbas said: Abu Salam narrated this tradition in a similar manner from Abu Umamah. If I have made a mistake unintentionally, I beg pardon of Allah and repent to Him.


Book 2, Number 1273:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:

Yasar, the client of Ibn Umar, said: Ibn Umar saw me praying after the break of dawn. He said: O Yasar, the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) came to us while we were offering this prayer. He (the Prophet) said: Those who are present should inform those who are absent: Do not offer any prayer after (the break of) dawn except two rak’ahs.


Book 2, Number 1274:

Narrated Al-Aswad and Masruq:

We bear witness that ‘A’ishah said: Not a day passed but the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) prayed two rak’ahs after the afternoon prayer.


Book 2, Number 1275:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:

Dhakwan, the client of Aisha, reported on the authority of Aisha: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) used to pray after the afternoon prayer but prohibited others from it; and he would fast continuously but forbid others to do so.


Chapter 451: Prayer before the sunset prayer


Book 2, Number 1276:

Narrated ‘Abd Allah al-Muzani:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: Pray two rak’ahs before the sunset prayer. He then said (again): Pray two rak’ahs before sunset prayer; it applies to those who wish to do so. That was because he feared that the people might take it as a sunnah.


Book 2, Number 1277:

Narrated Anas b. Malik:

I offered two rak’ahs of prayer before the sunset prayer (i.e. obligatory) during the time of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). I (the narrator al-Mukhtar b. Fulful) asked Anas: Did the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) see you? He replied: Yes, but he neither commanded us nor forbade us (to do so).


Book 2, Number 1278:

Narrated ‘Abd Allah b. Mughaffak:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: Between two adhans there is a prayer; between the two adhans there is a prayer for one who desires (to offer).


Book 2, Number 1279:

Narrated Tawus:

Ibn ‘Umar was asked about praying two rak’ahs before sunset prayer. He replied: I did not see anyone praying during the times of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). He permitted to pray two rak’ahs after the afternoon prayer.

Abu Dawud said: I heard yahya b. Ma’in say: The correct name of the narrator Abu Shu’aib is Shu’aib. Shuaib made a mistake in narrating his name.


Chapter 452: Prayer in the forenoon


Book 2, Number 1280:

Narrated Abu Dharr:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: In the morning alms are due from every bone in man’s body. His salutation to everyone he meets is alms; his enjoining good is alms; his forbidding what is evil is alms; the removal of a harmful thing from the way is alms; to have sexual intercourse with one’s wife is alms; and two rak’ahs which one prays in the forenoon serve instead of that.

Abu Dawud said: The tradition narrated by ‘Abbad is more perfect (than the version narrated by Musaddad). Musaddad did not mention in his version “the command (of good) and the prohibition (of evil)”. Instead he added in his version saying: “Such and such”. Ibn Ma’an added in his version: “They (the people) said: Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him), how is it that one of us fulfils his desire and still there are alms for him (i.e. is rewarded)? He replied: What do you think if he had unlawful sexual intercourse; would he not have been a sinner?


Book 2, Number 1281:

Narrated Abu al-Aswad al-Dailani:

When we were present with Abu Dharr, he said: in the morning alms are due from every bone on a man’s fingers and toes. Every prayer is alms for him; every fast is an alm; every pilgrimage is alms; every utterance og “Glory be to Allah” is alms; every utterance of “Allah is most great” is alms; every utterance of “Praise be to Allah” is alms. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) recounted all such good works. He then said: Two rak’ahs which one prays in the forenoon serve instead of that.


Book 2, Number 1282:

Narrated Mu’adh ibn Anas al-Juhani:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: If anyone sits in his place of prayer when he finishes the dawn prayer till he prays the two rak’ahs of the forenoon, saying nothing but what is good, his sins will be forgiven even if they are more than the foam of the sea.


Book 2, Number 1283:

Narrated Abu Umamah:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Prayer followed by a prayer with no idle talk between the two is recorded in Illiyyun.


Book 2, Number 1284:

Narrated Nu’aym ibn Hammar:

I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) say: Allah, the Exalted, says: Son of Adam, do not be helpless in performing four rak’ahs for Me at the beginning of the day: I will supply what you need till the end of it.


Book 2, Number 1285:

Narrated Umm Hani ibn Abu Talib:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) prayed on the day of the Conquest (of Mecca) eight rak’ahs saluting after every two rak’ahs.


Book 2, Number 1286:

Narrated Ibn Abi Laila:

No one told us that the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) had offered the prayer in the forenoon except Umm hani. She said that the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) had taken a bath in her house on the day of the Conquest of Makkah and prayed eight rak’ahs. But no one saw him afterwars praying these rak’ahs.


Book 2, Number 1287:

Narrated ‘Abd Allah b. Shaqiq:

I asked ‘A’ishah: Did the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) pray in the forenoon? She replied: No, except when he returned from a journey. I then asked: Did the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) recite the suras combining each other? She said: He would do so in the mufassal suras.


Book 2, Number 1288:

Narrated ‘A’ishah, wife of the Prophet (peace-be_upon_him):

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) never offered prayer in the forenoon, but I offered it. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) would give up an action though he liked to do it, lest the people should continue it and it is prescribed for them.


Book 2, Number 1289:

Narrated Simak:

I asked Jabir b. Samurah: Did you sit in the company of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him)? He replie: Yes, very often. He would not stand from the place he prayed the dawn prayer till the sunrise. When the sun rose, he would stand (to pray in the forenoon).


Chapter 453: Prayer by day


Book 2, Number 1290:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Prayer by night and day should consist of pairs of rak’ahs.


Book 2, Number 1291:

Narrated Muttalib:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Prayer is to be offered in two rak’ahs; and you should recite the tashahhud at the end of two rak’ahs, and express your distress and humility and raise your hands and say praying: O Allah, O Allah. He who does not do so does not offer a perfect prayer.


Chapter 454: Prayer glorifying Allah


Book 2, Number 1292:

Narrated Abdullah Ibn Abbas:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said to al-Abbas ibn Abdul Muttalib: Abbas, my uncle, shall I not give you, shall I not present to you, shall I not donate to you, shall I not produce for you ten things? If you act upon them, Allah will forgive you your sins, first and last, old and new, involuntary and voluntary, small and great, secret and open.

These are the ten things: you should pray four rak’ahs, reciting in each one Fatihat al-Kitab and a surah. When you finish the recitation of the first rak’ah you should say fifteen times while standing: “Glory be to Allah”, “Praise be to Allah”, “There is no god but Allah”, “Allah is most great”. Then you should bow and say it ten times while bowing. Then you should raise your head after bowing and say it ten times. Then you should kneel down in prostration and say it ten times while prostrating yourself. Then you should raise your head after prostration and say it ten times. Then you should prostrate yourself and say it ten times. Then you should raise your head after prostrating and say it ten times in every rak’ah. You should do that in four rak’ahs.

If you can observe it once daily, do so; if not, then once weekly; if not, then once a month; if not, then once a year; if not, then once in your lifetime.


Book 2, Number 1293:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr:

AbulJawza’ said: A man who attended the company of the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) narrated to me (it is thought that he was Abdullah ibn Amr): The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said to me: Come to me tomorrow; I shall give you something, I shall give you something, I shall reward you something, I shall donate something to you. I thought that he would give me some present.

He said (to me when I came to him): When the day declines, stand up and pray four rak’ahs. He then narrated something similar.

This version adds: Do not stand until you glorify Allah ten times, and praise Him ten times, and exalt Him ten times, and say, “There is no god but Allah” ten times. Then you should do that in four rak’ahs. If you are the greatest sinner on earth, you will be forgiven (by Allah) on account of this (prayer).

I asked: If I cannot pray this the appointed hour, (what should I do)? He replied: Pray that by night or by day (at any time).

Abu Dawud said: Habban b. Hilal is the maternal uncle of Hilal al-Ra’i.

Abu Dawud said: This tradition has been narrated by al-Mustamir b. al-Riyyan from Ibn al-Jazwa’ from ‘Abd Allah b. ‘Amr without refering to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him),-narrated as a statement of ‘Abd Allah b. ‘Amr himself (mauquf). This has also been narrated by Rawh b. al-Musayyab, and Ja’far b. Sulaiman from ‘Amr b. Malik al-Nakri from Abu al-Jauza’ from Ibn ‘Abbas as his own statement (and not as a statement of the Prophet). But the version of Rawh has the words: “The tradition of the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him).”


Book 2, Number 1294:

Narrated ‘Urwah b. Ruwaim:

An al-Ansari narrated to me: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said to ja’far. He then narrated the tradition in a like manner. This version has the words: “In the second prostration of the first rak’ah,” in addition to the words transmitted by Mahdi b. Maimun (in the previous tradition).


Chapter 455: Where should the two rak’ahs of the sunnah prayer of the sunset prayer be offered?


Book 2, Number 1295:

Narrated Ka’b ibn Ujrah:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) came to the mosque of Banu Abdul Ashhal. He prayed the sunset prayer there. When they finished the prayer, he saw them praying the supererogatory prayer after it. He said: This is the prayer to be offered in the houses.


Book 2, Number 1296:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) used to prolong the recitation of the Qur’an in the two rak’ahs after the sunset prayer until the people praying in the mosque dispersed.


Book 2, Number 1297:

Sa’id b. Jubair reported this tradition from the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) without mentioning the name of the Companion in the chain (in the mursal form).

Abu Dawud said: I heard Muhammad b. Humaid say: I heard Ya’qub say: Anything I narrated you from Ja’far on the authority of Sa’id b. Jubair from the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) is directly from Ibn ‘Abbas from the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him).


Chapter 456: Prayer after the night prayer


Book 2, Number 1298:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:

Shurayh ibn Hani said: I asked Aisha about the prayer of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). She said: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) never offered the night prayer and thereafter came to me but he offered four or six rak’ahs of prayer. One night the rain fell, so we spread a piece of leather (for his prayer), and now I see as if there is a hole in it from which the water is flowing. I never saw him protecting his clothes from the earth (as he did on that occasion).



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