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Book 9 – Sacrifice

by I Need Allah

Chapter 1029: On the obligation of sacrifice


Book 9, Number 2782:

Narrated Mikhnaf ibn Sulaym:

We were staying with the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) at Arafat; he said: O people, every family must offer a sacrifice and an atirah. Do you know what the atirah is? It is what you call the Rajab sacrifice.

Abu Dawud said: ‘Atriah has been abrogated, and this tradition is an abrogated one.


Book 9, Number 2783:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-‘As:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: I have been commanded to celebrate festival (‘Id) on the day of sacrifice, which Allah, Most High, has appointed for this community. A man said: If I do not find except a she-goat or a she-camel borrowed for milk or other benefits, should I sacrifice it? He said: No, but you should clip your hair , and nails, trim your moustaches, and shave your pubes. This is all your sacrifice in the eyes of Allah, Most High.


Chapter 1030: Sacrifice on behalf of a deceased person


Book 9, Number 2784:

Narrated Ali ibn Abu Talib:

Hanash said: I saw Ali sacrificing two rams; so I asked him: What is this? He replied. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) enjoined upon me to sacrifice on his behalf, so that is what I am doing.


Chapter 1031: On a man who shaves his hair during the first ten days of Dhu al-Hijjah while he intends to do sacrifice


Book 9, Number 2785:

Narrated Umm Salamah:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: If anyone has sacrificial animal and intends to sacrifice it, and he sights the new moon of Dhu al-Hijjah, he must not take any of his hair and nails until he sacrifices.

Abu Dawud said: The name ‘Amr b. Muslim in the chain narrated by Malik and Muhammad b. ‘Amr is disputed. Some say that it is ‘Umar and the majority holds that it is ‘Amr.

Abu Dawud said: He is ‘Amr b. Muslim b. Ukaimah al-Laithi al-Jundu’i.


Chapter 1032: The sacrificial animals that are recomended


Book 9, Number 2786:

Narrated ‘A’ishah:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) ordered a horned ram with black legs, black belly and black round the eyes, and it was brought for him to sacrifice. He said: ‘A’ishah, get the knife, then he said: Sharpen it with a stone. So I did. He took it, then taking the ram he placed it on the ground and slaughtered it. He then said: In the name of Allah, accept it for Muhammad, Muhammad’s family and Muhammad’s people. Then he sacrificed it.


Book 9, Number 2787:

Narrated Anas:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) sacrificed seven camels standing with his own hand, and sacrificed at Medina two horned rams which were white with black markings.


Book 9, Number 2788:

Narrated Anas:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) sacrificed two horned rams which were white with black markings, slaughtered, and uttered: “Allah is most Great,” and mentioned Allah’s name and placed his foot on their sides.


Book 9, Number 2789:

Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) sacrificed two horned rams which were white with black markings and had been castrated. When he made them face the qiblah, he said: I have turned my face towards Him. Who created the heavens and the earth, following Abraham’s religion, the true in faith, and I am not one of the polytheists. My prayer, and my service of sacrifice, my life and my death are all for Allah, the Lord of the Universe, Who has no partner. That is what I was commanded to do, and I am one of the Muslims. O Allah it comes from Thee and is given to Thee from Muhammad and his people. In the name of Allah, and Allah is Most Great. He then made sacrifice.


Book 9, Number 2790:

Narrated Abu Sa’id al-Khudri:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) used to sacrifice a choice, horned ram with black round the eyes, the mouth and the feet.


Chapter 1033: On the age of the sacrificial animal


Book 9, Number 2791:

Narrated Jabir:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: Sacrifice only a full grown animal unless it is difficult for you, in which case sacrifice a lamb.


Book 9, Number 2792:

Narrated Zayd ibn Khalid al-Juhani:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) distributed sacrificial animals among his Companions. He gave me a kid (of less than a year). I took it to him and said: This is a kid. He said: Sacrifice it. so I sacrificed it.


Book 9, Number 2793:

Narrated ‘Asim b. Kulaib on the authority of his father:

We were with a man from the Companions of the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) called Mujashi’ who belonged to Banu Sulaim. There was a scarcity of goats (in those days). He commanded a man to announce (among the people); so he announced that the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) used to say: A lamb may be given as full payment for that for which a full grown animal is payment.

Abu Dawud said: His name is Mujashi’ b. Mas’ud.


Book 9, Number 2794:

Narrated Al-Bara’ b. ‘Azib:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) delivered a sermon to us on the day of sacrifice after the prayer. He said: If anyone prays like our prayer, and sacrifices like our sacrifice, his sacrifice is all right. If anyone sacrifices before the prayer (for ‘Id), that is a goat meant for flesh. Abu Burdah b. Niyar stood up and said: Apostle of Allah, I swear by Allah, I sacrificed before I went for prayer. I thought it was the day of eating and drinking; so I made haste, and ate myself, and supplied flesh to my family and neighbours. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: This is a goat meant for eating flesh. He said: I have a kid (of less than a year) which is better than two goats meant for flesh. Will it be valid for me? He said: Yes, but it will not be valid for anyone after you.


Book 9, Number 2795:

Narrated Al-Bara’ ibn Azib:

A maternal uncle of mine called Abu Burdah sacrificed before the prayer (for ‘Id). The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: Your goat is meant for flesh. He said: Apostle of Allah, I have a domestic kid with me. He said: Sacrifice it, but it is not valid for any man other than you.


Chapter 1034: Disapproved sacrificial animals


Book 9, Number 2796:

Narrated Al-Bara’ ibn Azib:

Ubayd ibn Firuz said: I asked al-Bara’ ibn Azib: What should be avoided in sacrificial animals? He said: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) stood among us, and my fingers are smaller than his fingers, and my fingertips are smaller than his fingertips. He said (pointing with his fingers): Four (types of animals) should be avoided in sacrifice: A One-eyed animal which has obviously lost the sight of one eye, a sick animal which is obviously sick, a lame animal which obviously limps and an animal with a broken leg with no marrow. I also detest an animal which has defective teeth. He said: Leave what you detest, but do not make it illegal for anyone.

Abu Dawud said: (By a lean animal is meant) an animal which has no marrow.


Book 9, Number 2797:

Narrated Utbah ibn ‘Abd al-Sulami:

Yazid Dhu Misr said: I came to Utbah ibn ‘Abd al-Sulami and said: Abu al-Walid, I went out seeking sacrificial animals. I did not find anything which attracted me except an animal whose teeth have fallen. So I abominated it. What do you say (about it)? He said: Why did you not bring it to me? He said: Glory be to Allah: Is if lawful for you and not lawful for me? He said: Yes, you doubt and I do not doubt. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) has forbidden an animal whose ear has been uprooted so much so that its hole appears (outwardly), and an animal whose horn has broken from the root, and an animal which has totally lost the sight of its eye, and an animal which is so thin and weak that it cannot go with the herd, and an animal with a broken leg.


Book 9, Number 2798:

Narrated Ali ibn Abu Talib:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) enjoined upon us to pay great attention to the eye and both ears, and not to sacrifice a one-eyed animal, and an animal with a slit which leaves something hanging at the front or back of the ear, or with a lengthwise slit with a perforation in the ear. I asked AbuIshaq: Did he mention an animal with broken horns and uprooted ears? He said: No.


Book 9, Number 2799:

Narrated Ali ibn Abu Talib:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) prohibited to sacrifice an animal with a slit ear and broken horn.

Abu Dawud said: The narrator Jurayy (b. Kulaib) is Sadusi, and belongs to Basrah. No one narrated traditions from him except Qatadah.


Book 9, Number 2800:

Narrated Qatadah:

I asked Sa’id b. al-Musayyab: What is meant by an animal with a slit ear and broken horn? He replied: Half and more than half.


Chapter 1035: How many persons can share a cow and a camel in sacrifice?


Book 9, Number 2801:

Narrated Jabir b. ‘Abd Alah:

We performed tamattu’ during the lifetime of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him), sacrificed a cow for seven and a camel for seven people. We shared them.


Book 9, Number 2802:

Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: A cow serves for seven, and a camel serves for seven.


Book 9, Number 2803:

Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:

We sacrificed along with the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) at al-Hudaybiyyah a camel for seven and a cow for seven people.


Chapter 1036: On a goat sacrificed for a body


Book 9, Number 2804:

Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:

I witnessed sacrificing along with the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) at the place of prayer. When he finished his sermon, he descended from his pulpit, and a ram was brought to him. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) slaughtered it with his hand, and said: In the name of Allah, Allah, is Most Great. This is from me and from those who did not sacrifice from my community.


Chapter 1037: A Muslim ruler should sacrifice at the place of prayer


Book 9, Number 2805:

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) used to slaughter his sacrificial animal at the place of prayer. Ibn ‘Umar himself used to do so.


Chapter 1038: On storing up the meat of sacrifice


Book 9, Number 2806:

Narrated ‘A’ishah:

Some people of the desert came at the time of sacrifice in the time of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: Store up for three days and give the rest as sadaqah (alms). After that the people said to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him): Apostle of Allah, the people used to benifit from their sacrifices, take and dissolve fat from it, and make water-bags (from their skins). The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: What is that? or whatever he said: They said: Apostle of Allah, you have prohibited to preserve the meat of sacrifice after three days. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: I have prhibited you due to a body of people who came to you. Now eat, give it as sadaqah (alms), and store up.


Book 9, Number 2807:

Narrated Nubayshah:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: We forbade you to eat their meat for more than three days in order that you might have abundance; now Allah has produced abundance, so you may eat, store up and seek reward. Beware, these days are days of eating, drinking and remembrance of Allah, Most High.


Chapter 1039: On sacrifice of a traveller


Book 9, Number 2808:

Narrated Thawban:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) sacrificed (during a journey) and then said: Thawban, mend the meat of this goat. I then kept on supplying its meat until we reached Medina.


Chapter 1040: Prohibition of making an animal target for arrows, and showing kindness to an animal which is being slaughtered


Book 9, Number 2809:

Narrated Shaddad b. Aws:

There are two characteristics that I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) say: Allah has decreed that everything should be done in a good way, so when you kill use a good method. The version of narrators other than Muslim says: “So kill in a good manner.” And when you slaughter, you should use a good method, for one of you should sharpen his knife, and give the animal as little pain as possible.


Book 9, Number 2810:

Narrated Hisham b. Zaid:

I entered upon al-Hakam b. Ayyub along with anas. He saw some youth or boys who had set up a hen and were shooting at it. Anas said: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) forbade to kill an animal in confinement.


Chapter 1041: On slaughter of the people of the book


Book 9, Number 2811:

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas:

The verse: “So eat of (meats) on which Allah’s name hath been pronounced (Qur’an vi. 118)” and the verse: “Eat not of (meats) on which Allah’s name hath not been pronounced (Qur’an v. 6),” were abrogated, meaning an exception was made therein by the verse: “The food of the people of the Book is lawful unto you nd yours lawful unto them. (Qur’an vi. 121)”


Book 9, Number 2812:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

explaining the verse “But the evil ones ever inspire their friend to contend with you” They used to say: Do not eat which Allah killed, but eat which you slaughtered. So Allah revealed the verse: “Eat not of (meats) on which Allah’s name hath not been pronounced”… to the end of the verse.


Book 9, Number 2813:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

The Jews came to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) and said: We eat which we kill but we do not eat which Allah kills? So Allah revealed: “Eat not of (meats) on which Allah’s name hath not been pronounced.” to the end of the verse.


Chapter 1042: On eating the flesh of animals slaughtered for vainglory and pride by the bedouins


Book 9, Number 2814:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) forbade to eat (the meat of animals) slaughtered by the bedouins for vainglory and pride.

Abu Dawud said: The narrator Ghundar narrated this tradition as a saying of Ibn ‘Abbas (and not of the Prophet).

Abu Dawud said: The name of Abu Raihanah is ‘Abd Allah b. Matar


Chapter 1043: On slaughtering an animal with a sharp white stone used as a knife (flint)


Book 9, Number 2815:

Narrated Rafi’ b. Khadij:

I came to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) and said: Apostle of Allah, we shall meet the enemy tommorow and we have no knives with us. May we kill with a sharp-edged white stone (flint) and with splinter of a staff? The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: Hasten in slaughtering it. When Allah’s name is mentioned you may eat what is killed by anything which causes the blood to flow except tooth and claw. I shall tell you about it. The tooth is a bone, and the claw is the knife of the Abyssinians. Some people hastened forward, they made haste and got booty, while the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) was in the rear and they set up cooking pots. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) passed the cooking pots. He ordered to turn them over. He then divided (the spoils of war) between them, and gave them a camel for ten goats in equation. One of the camels of the people ran away, and they had no horses with them at that time. A man shot an arrow at it, and Allah prevented it from escaping. The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Among animals (i.e. camels) there are some which bolt like wild animals; so when any of them does so, so with it like this.


Book 9, Number 2816:

Narrated Muhammad ibn Safwan or Safwan ibn Muhammad:

I hunted two hares and slaughtered them with a flint. I asked the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) about them. He permitted me to eat them.


Book 9, Number 2817:

Narrated Ata’ ibn Yasar:

A man of Banu Harith was pasturing a pregnant she-camel in one of the ravines of Uhud, (he saw that) it was about to die; he could find nothing to slaughter it; he took a stake and stabbed it in the upper part of its breast until he made its blood flow.

He then came to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) and informed him about that, and he ordered him to eat it.


Book 9, Number 2818:

Narrated Adi ibn Hatim:

I said: Apostle of Allah, tell me when one of us catches game and has no knife; may he slaughter with a flint and a splinter of stick. He said: Cause the blood to flow with whatever you like and mention Allah’s name.


Chapter 1044: On slaughter of a fallen animal


Book 9, Number 2819:

Narrated Abu al-Ushara’ (Usamah ibn Malik):

Abu al-Ushara’ reported on the authority of his father: He asked: Apostle of Allah, is the slaughtering to be done only in the upper part of the breast and the throat? The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) replied: If you pierced its thigh, it would serve you.

Abu Dawud said: This is the way suitable for slaughtering an animal which has fallen into a well or runs loose.


Chapter 1045: On slaughtering an animal well


Book 9, Number 2820:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

Ibn Isa added: (Ibn Abbas) and Abu Hurairah said: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) forbade the devil’s sacrifice. Abu Isa added in his version: This refers to the slaughtered animal whose skin cut off, and is then left to die without its jugular veins being severed.


Chapter 1046: On slaughtering the embryo


Book 9, Number 2821:

Narrated Abu Sa’id al-Khudri:

I asked the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) about the embryo. He replied: Eat it if you wish.

Musaddad’s version says: we said: Apostle of Allah, we slaughter a she-camel, a cow and a sheep, and we find an embryo in its womb. Shall we throw it away or eat it? He replied: Eat it if you wish for the slaughter of its mother serves its slaughter.


Book 9, Number 2822:

Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: The slaughter of embryo is included when its mother is slaughtered.


Chapter 1047: On eating the meat on which it is not known whether Allah’s name was pronounced or not


Book 9, Number 2823:

Narrated ‘A’ishah:

(the narrator Musa did not mention the words “from ‘A’ishah in his worsion from Hammad, and al-Qa’nabi also did not mention the words “from ‘A’ishah” in his version from Malik): They (the people) said: Apostle of Allah, there are people here, recent converts from polytheism, who bring us meat and we do not know whether or not they mentioned Allah’s name over it. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: Mention Allah’s name and eat.


Chapter 1048: The ‘Atirah


Book 9, Number 2824:

Narrated Nubayshah:

A man called the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him): We used to sacrifice Atirah in pre-Islamic days during Rajab; so what do you command us? He said: Sacrifice for the sake of Allah in any month whatever; obey Allah, Most High, and feed(the people). He said: We used to sacrifice a Fara’ in pre-Islamic days, so what do you command us? He said: On every pasturing animal there is a Fara’ which is fed by your cattle till it becomes strong and capable of carrying load.

The narrator Nasr said (in his version): When it becomes capable of carrying load of the pilgrims, you may slaughter it and give its meat as charity (sadaqah).

The narrator Khalid’s version says: You (may give it) to the travellers, for it is better. Khalid said: I asked Abu Qilabah: How many pasturing animals? He replied: One hundred.


Book 9, Number 2825:

Narrated Abu Hurairah:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: There is no fara’ and no ‘atirah.


Book 9, Number 2826:

Narrated Sa’id:

Fara’ was the first animal born to them (the Arabs) which they sacrificed.


Book 9, Number 2827:

Narrated ‘A’ishah:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) used to sacrifice a goat out of every fifty goats.

Abu Dawud said: Fara’ means the first baby of a camel born (to the Arabs). They used to sacrifice it for their idols, and then eat it, its skin was thrown on a tree. ‘Atriah was a sacrifice made during the first ten days of Rajab.


Chapter 1049: The ‘Aqiqah


Book 9, Number 2828:

Narrated Umm Kurz al-Ka’biyyah:

I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) say: Two resembling sheep are to be sacrificed for a boy and one for a girl.

Abu Dawud said: I heard Ahmad (ibn Hanbal) say: The Arabic word mukafi’atani means equal (in age) or resembling each other.


Book 9, Number 2829:

Narrated Umm Kurz:

I heard the Prophet (nay peace be upon him) say: Let the birds stay in their roosts. She said: I also heard him say: Two sheep are to be sacrificed for a boy and one for a girl, but it does you no harm whether they are male or female.


Book 9, Number 2830:

Narrated Umm Kurz:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: Two sheep which resemble each other are to be sacrificed for a boy and one for a girl.

Abu Dawud said: this is a sound tradition, and the tradition narrated by Sufyan is misunderstanding.


Book 9, Number 2831:

Narrated Samurah ibn Jundub:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: A boy is in pledge for his Aqiqah. Sacrifice is made for him on the seventh day, his head is shaved and is smeared with blood.

When Qatadah was asked about smearing with blood, how that should be done, he said: When you cut the head (i.e. throat) of the animal (meant for Aqiqah), you may take a few hair of it, place them on its veins, and then place them in the middle of the head of the infant, so that the blood flows on the hair (of the infant) like a threat. Then its head may be washed and shaved off.

Abu Dawud said: In narrating the word “is smeared with blood” (yudamma) there is a misunderstanding on the part of Hammam.

Abu Dawud said: Hammam has been opposed in narrating the words “is smeared with blood.” This is a misunderstanding of Hammam. They narrated the word “he is given a name (yusamma) and Hammam narrated it “smeared with blood” (yudamma).

Abu Dawud said: This tradition is not followed.


Book 9, Number 2832:

Narrated Samurah ibn Jundub:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: A boy is in pledge for his Aqiqah, Sacrifice is made for him on the seventh day, his head is shaved and he is given name.

Abu Dawud said: The word wa yusamma is sounder as narrated by Salam b. Abi Muti’ from Qatadah, and narrated by Iyas b. Daghfal and Ash’ath from al-Hasan who narrated wa yusamma (and he is given a name).


Book 9, Number 2833:

Narrated Samurah b. Jundub:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: Along with a boy there is an ‘aqiqah, so shed blood on his behalf, and remove injury from him.


Book 9, Number 2834:

Narrated Al-Hasan:

To remove the injury is the shaving of the head.


Book 9, Number 2835:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) sacrificed a ram for both al-Hasan and al-Husayn each (Allah be pleased with them).


Book 9, Number 2836:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-‘As:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) was asked about the aqiqah. He replied: Allah does not like the breaking of ties (uquq), as though he disliked the name. And he said: If anyone has a child born to him and wishes to offer a sacrifice on its behalf, he may offer two resembling sheep for a boy and one for a girl. And he was asked about fara’. He replied: Fara’ is right. If you leave it (i.e. let it grow till it becomes a healthy camel of one year or two years, then you give it to a widow or give it in the path of Allah for using it as a riding beast, it is better than slaughtering it at the age when its meat is stuck to its hair, and you turn over your milking vessel and annoy your she-camel.


Book 9, Number 2837:

Narrated Buraydah ibn al-Hasib:

When a boy was born to one of us in the pre-Islamic period, we sacrificed a sheep and smeared his head with its blood; but when Allah brought Islam, we sacrificed a sheep, shaved his head and smeared his head with saffron.


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