Challenges from the Quran was given to Non- Muslim since the time of prophet Muhammad(PBUH). Although the Qur’an possesses a unique general feature in terms of content presentation, the Qur’an itself is a wonderful book full of miracles. What we usually mean by “miracle” is a supernatural or miraculous phenomenon that humans can never comprehend.
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) challenged the Arabs of that time to compose literature equivalent to the ornaments of the language, rhyme, and content of the Qur’an, even though they were highly skilled in poetry. But despite their own success and excellence in composing poetry, they have failed to meet that challenge. Challenges from the Quran given in three stages on the whole of mankind, including the Arabs:
1. Challenges from the Quran: Complete Qur’an:
Allah Prophet (peace be upon him) who first said this, all the people challenged to say, if they Quran equivalent Book as looks, ” says you and the jinn of the Quran precisely some of them try to bring it, Yet they can’t, even if they help each other. [ Surat al-Isra ‘: 17:88 ]
2. Ten Surahs:
Those who continued to deny its truthfulness were then asked by Allah Almighty to compose ten Surahs like the Qur’an: “ Or do they say that or that he (Muhammad) composed it himself? Say (unto them, O Muhammad): If that is so, bring ten (similar) surahs like it, and ask those whom you worship besides Allah to help you if you are truthful. [ Surah Hud: 11:13 ]
The last challenge was to make at least one surah similar to the one in the Qur’an, and the smallest surah in the Qur’an is Surah Al-Kawthar, which has only three verses. “ And if you have the slightest doubt about what We have revealed to My servant (Muhammad), then bring a surah like it, and call upon the helpers of others besides Allah, if you are truthful. [ Surah Al-Baqarah: 2:23]
Challenges from the Quran were not merely words that no one wanted to answer or prove the Qur’an wrong. The monotheism of the beloved Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), the abolition of all forms of idolatry, and the communism between slaves and masters were threatening the socio-economic context of Makkah in general and the ruling Quraish in particular in maintaining their authority. The inhabitants of Makkah, the main trading and religious center of Arabia, were desperate to prevent the spread of communism by the Prophet (peace be upon him). All they had to do was make a surah similar to the Qur’an! Many Quraish poets and eloquent people have failed miserably in answering this challenge. Failing in the challenge, they gave him a lot of resources, The seat of supreme power was offered as a gift to even the most aristocratic and beautiful girls of the tribe. And he did it only to stop this call to Islam.
On the contrary, he answers them by reciting the first thirteen verses of Surah Fussilat. This annoyed them and they asked him to stop. . Failing to persuade the beloved Prophet (peace be upon him), the Quraish persecuted their slaves and relatives who were slowly converting to Islam to convert them to paganism. Although they did not return from Islam. Unable to do so, they later imposed economic sanctions on the beloved Prophet (peace be upon him) and his followers and his descendants, the Banu Hashim, so that they would bow down to them in the face of starvation. Needless to say, Their attempt also failed. In the end, they decided to kill him. For this purpose, they sent armed men from all the clans of the Quraish, so that the people of the Prophet’s own clan could no longer take revenge on them.
However, in this context, Allah Almighty instructed all his followers, including the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him), to move from Makkah to the city of Yathrib in the north, where several people were already converting to Islam. Islam was spreading very fast among the people of Yathrib and within a year the Muslims gained a majority there. The beloved Prophet (peace be upon him) was made the ruler there and the city of Yathrib was called Madinah an-Nabi [Prophet (peace be upon him) The city of] was renamed to this name. Over the next eight years, the inhabitants of various tribes and clans in and around Makkah waged several failed campaigns against the growing Muslim state of Madinah. Which culminated in the conquest of Mecca by the Muslims. If the Quraish and their allies could compose only three lines of poetry or manuscripts similar to the sura of the Qur’an, there would be no need for so much bloodshed. Thus, it can be said without a doubt that this miraculous wonder of the unique dignity of the language style of the Qur’an, the sweetness of the words and the dynamics of the rhythm cannot be imitated by any human being.
Many people think that the incompatibility of the Qur’an is not such a unique feature. For example, the famous English poet Shakespeare, Chaucer, or any famous poet in any language, each has his own style of writing that sets him apart from other contemporary writers. But if that is the case, if one of today’s leading poets reads Shakespeare’s works of literature and imitates Shakespeare’s style of writing on an old piece of paper with old ink and claims it in Shakespeare’s name, then Shakespeare’s will be accepted.
No matter how great a poet is, in this way his style of writing can be imitated. It has been possible to imitate the paintings of many great and famous painters. [In fact, according to many English writers, much of what is considered Shakespeare’s work is actually the work of his contemporary, Christopher Marvel.] The Qur’an is far superior in this respect. For, since 1400 years ago, many people have tried to copy similar surahs of the Qur’an, but after a thorough examination, they have been found to be futile; They do not even have the ability to approach a single verse of the Qur’an in terms of aesthetic features. As mentioned earlier, the attempt to imitate the Qur’an was a greater demand than at any time now, when the Qur’an was being revealed, when the practice of literature was at its peak. But then no one could create something similar, and now the question does not arise!