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Etiquette of Making Dua in Islam

by I Need Allah
Etiquette of Making Dua

— Etiquette of Making Dua

Du’a (supplication) is more likely to be accepted by Allah as mentioned by Prophet (PBUH) if the correct manner and etiquette are used. Listed below are some of the etiquettes of dua.

 Any Muslim who supplicates Allah with a supplication that does not contain any sin or cutting off of family relations, Allah will give him one of three things for it:

  1. Either He will speedily answer his du’a
    2. or He will save it for him until the Hereafter
    3. or He will avert something bad from him equal to the value of his du’a.

Listed below are some of the etiquettes of du’a.

1) Directly make Dua only towards Allah and making dua other than toward Allah is considered as shirk. (Surah al-Baqarah 2:186, Surah Gafir 40:14)

2) When making dua face towards the Qiblah. (Sahih Muslim 1763)

3) Raise Your Hands with sincerity in your heart. (Sahih al-Bukhari 6341, Sunan Abu Dawud 1488)

4) When making dua use Allah 99 Beautiful Names & Attributes. (Surah al-A’raaf 7:180)

 Some names of Allah that can be used in dua:

1.Ar-Rahman – The Most Compassionate
2.Al Raheem – The Most Merciful
3.Al Hakeem – The Perfectly Wise
4.Al Kabeer The Greatest
5.Al Jaleel The Mighty
6.Al Kareem The Generous
7.Al-Hayy – The Ever-Living One
8.Al-Qayyum – The Self-Existing One
9.Al-Ghaffar – The Forgiving
10.Al-Ghafur – The Forgiver and Hider of Faults
11.Al-Hakam – The Judge
12.As-Sameeaa’ – The Hearer of All
13.Al Baseer The Seer of All
14.Ash- Shaheed The Witness
15.Al-Mujeeb The Responder to Prayer
16.As-Samad – The Satisfier of All Needs
17.Malik-al-Mulk – The Owner of All
18.Dhu-al-Jalal wa-al-Ikram – The Lord of Majesty and Bounty
19.Ar-Razzaq – The Provider

20. Read 99 Name Of Allah

Narrated Abu Huraira (RA):

Allah has ninety-nine Names, i.e., one hundred minus one, and whoever believes in their meanings and acts accordingly, will enter Paradise; and Allah is witr (one) and loves ‘the witr’ (i.e. odd numbers). Sahih al-Bukhari 6410

5) Persistence in du’a, not being hasty, and abandoning du’a:

One must be patient for ones Du’a to be accepted, as hastiness is one of the causes for its rejection or disapproval. We must attend to our Du’a with perseverance, repetition, and persistence.

Abu Hurairah (RA) reported that the Prophet (PBUH) said, The du’a of any worshipper will continue to be responded to, as long as he does not ask for a sin or breaking the ties of kinship, and as long as he is not hasty’. It was asked, ‘O Messenger of Allah, and what does it mean to be hasty? He responded, ‘A worshipper says, ‘I have prayed and prayed, and I don’t see that it will be accepted,’ so he gives up hope of being answered and leaves du’a’ [abu Hurairah narrated in Muslim in Sahih al-Jami #7705]

Umar ibn al-Khattab (radiAllahu anhu) said: “I do not carry the worry of acceptance but the worry of du’a. If I am inspired on how du’a is made, acceptance will accompany it.”

A’isha (radiAllahu anha) said: “No believer makes du’a and it is wasted. Either it is granted here in this world or deposited for him in the Hereafter as long as he does not get frustrated.”

Thus, don’t rush or be impatient.  Allah dislikes that.  

6) To Repeat the Du’a three times. (Sahih al-Bukhari 240)

It is preferable to repeat you Du’a three times as it is more likely to be answered. It shows a sense of urgency in obtaining what is asked for. The act of repeating a du’a three times is narrated in many ahadith.
One reported by ibn Mas’ud (RA) states that when the Prophet (PBUH) finished his prayer, he raised his voice, and prayed against the leaders of the Quraish who had persecuted him – when they placed the abdominal contents of a camel on his back whilst in sajdah and that whenever he made a du’a, he repeated it 3 times. So he then said, ‘O Allah! Upon you is (the retaliation) of the Quraish’ (3 times).

7) Make Dua routinely and with patience. (Sahih Muslim 2735 a)

8) Be sincere in your Dua. (Surah Gafir 40:14, Surah al-Bayyinah 98:5)

9) Be Humble while asking Allah. (Surah al-Araaf 7:55)

10) Be certain that Dua will be accepted [Tawakkal (reliance) upon Allah].
(Sahih al-Bukhari 6339)

11) Not to consume Haram (unlawful) and keep to the Halal (lawful)

On the authority of Abu Hurairah, The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said: ‘Allah the Almighty is good and accepts only that which is good. Allah has commanded the faithful to do that which he commanded the messengers and the Almighty has said: ‘O Messengers! Eat of the good things and do right.’ And Allah the Almighty has said, ‘O you who believe! Eat of the good things wherewith We have provided you.” Then he (PBUH) mentioned [the case of] a man who has journeyed far was disheveled and dusty and spreads out his hands to the sky [saying] “O Lord! O, Lord!” His (the traveler’s) food is unlawful, his drink unlawful, his clothing unlawful, and he is nourished unlawfully; so how can he be answered?! [Muslim]

12) Every Dua is suspended until one sends blessings upon the Prophet (ﷺ)

Umar bin Al-Khattab (RA) narrated:“Indeed the supplication stops between the heavens and the earth. Nothing of it is raised up until you send Salat upon your Prophet.” Jami` at-Tirmidhi 486 (Classified as Hasan by al-Albani)

13)Doing good deeds and asking Allah by one’s good deeds:

Qasim bin Abd said: “I said to Anas bin Malik: ‘O Abu Hamzah pray to Allah for us.’ He said: ‘Du’a is elevated by good deeds.’” Sahih al-Bukhari and Muslim relate the hadith of the Prophet (PBUH) of the story of three men, who each supplicated to Allah by (mentioning) a good deed they had done earlier in their lives.

‘Three persons of people before you were on a journey when they were overtaken by a storm; therefore, they took shelter in a cave. A rock slipped down from the mountain and blocked the exit of the cave. One of them said, ‘The only way for deliverance is to beseech Allah and (to mention) some virtuous deed (he did purely for His sake).’

One of the men mentioned a good deed which they had done for Allah, and supplicated, ‘O Lord! If I did this thing seeking only Thy pleasure, then do Thou relieve us of the distress wrought upon us by this rock.’
The rock moved, but not enough to free the men. So, the other two made similar supplications while mentioning their good deeds until the rock moved enough to free them.
[Sahih al-Bukhari, Muslim]

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