After performing a good ablution, the person who is about to pray should ensure that, impurities are removed from three places:
1. The person’s own body.
2. The person’s clothes are to be worn for the prayer.
3. The ground or mat on which the praying person would stand.
After that, the praying person should make a conscious effort to locate the Qibla and face it. The person should face his or her entire body towards the qibla, including his or her feet. All the toes of the left and right feet should face the direction of the qibla. It is important to note that, the person should put a sutra in front of him when he is praying alone or when he is leading a congregational prayer in the open.
Say the iqama. After that, the person should make an intention to perform the salat. The intention is done in the heart and it is not to be spoken out silently or loudly.
After that, the person should say the opening takbir whilst raising his or her hands to the level of his shoulders or ears. But the person should not brush his or her ears with the fingers whilst saying the takbir:
After that, place your left hand on your chest and also place your right hand over the left hand and grab your left wrist with your right palm. And fix your gaze at the point of your prostration.
Then say the opening supplication silently:
“Subhanakallahumma wa bi hamdika, wa tabaara kasmuka, wa ta’ala jadduka, wa laailaaha ghairuka”
Then seek refuge with Allah from shaitan, the outcast:
Then say the basmala:
“Bismillahir- Rahamanir- Rahim”
After that, recite fatiha loudly for Subhi, Jumuah, Magrib, and Ishai in the first two rakahs. Recite silently for Zuhur and Asr.
After reciting the fathiha, recite a sura or more suras or part of a sura (at least 3 verses ) from the Holy Quran. Note that, suras are recited in addition to fathiha in the first two rakahs of the fard prayers. Begin every sura with “Bismillahir-Rahmanir- Rahim” (silently). You may not say the basmala when you are reciting from the middle of the sura, or anywhere in the sura except from the beginning of the sura.
After reciting the sura, catch your breath and raise your hands as described earlier and say:
Then make rukuh by bowing. During the rukuh, hold your knees firmly with your palms, with fingers spread. You should ensure that, your back is straightened and your head should not droop or raised high but your neck and head should be aligned to your back. Your eyes should be fixed at the point of prostration. Then say silently:
“Subhana Rabbiyal Azeem” (three times minimum)
You may add:
“Subhanakallahumma, Rabbannaa wa bihamdika, Allahummagfirli”
“Subbuhun Quddussun Rabbul malaaikati
Then rise to the standing position. Whilst rising, say:
“Sami Allahu liman Hamidah”
When you are fully upright standing, say:
“Rabbanaa wa lakal hamd”
Rabbanaa lakal hamd
Allahumma Rabbanaa wa lakal hamd
Allahumma Rabbanaa lakal hamd.
Whilst rising from the bowing and saying sami Allahu liman hamidah, it is important to raise both hands as you did during the opening taqbir. Raising of both hands to the level of shoulders or ears is done at four instances:
1. When saying the opening taqbir.
2. When going into rukuh.
3. When rising from rukuh.
4. After first tashahud, when standing up for the third rakah(In Zuhur, Asr, Magrib and Ishai).
When you are up standing and having said, “Rabbanaa wa lakal hamd”, you should add:
“Hamdan, katheeran, toyyiban mubaarakan feeh”
After that, go to the sujud position (the prostration). When you are about to place your forehead on the ground say:
Some scholars say that the praying person should fall into sujud with the palms touching the ground first. And others say, the knees first. But for me, i prefer my palms touching the ground first to my knees. When you are in prostration, make sure that seven parts of your body are firmly placed on the ground:
1. Your head (forehead and nose).
2. The right palm.
3. The left palm.
4. The right knee
5. The left knee
6. Toes of the right foot.
7. Toes of the left foot.
The palms on the ground should not be fisted or cupped but freely opened. The fingers of the palms (including the thumb) should be held together with flat on the ground and they should all face the direction of the qibla. The forearms should be raised from the ground. Never place your forearms on the ground during sujud. Your eyes should be opened. Your stomach should not touch your thighs. Your elbows should be extended from the sides of the body (except in the congregation where there will be no space for that). The knees should be apart. The toes of the feet should be facing the direction of the qibla. The heels of The two feet should be joined together. All these done, say:
“Subhaana Rabbial A’alaa” (a minimum of three times)
You may add:
“Suhaanakallahumma, Rabbanaa wa bihamdika, Allahummagfirlee”
“Subbuhun quddusun Rabbul malaaikati war rooh”
After that, rise to the sitting position and say: Allahu Akbar
In this position, you should be sitting on your left foot whilst your right foot is held upright and its toes should be facing the qibla. Your palms should be placed on your thighs close to the knees. Your eyes still fixed at your point of prostration. Then say:
You may add:
“Allahummagfirlee, warhamnee, wahdinee, wajburnee, wa’afeenee, warzuqnee, warfa’anee”
From the sitting position, go into prostration whilst lowering your head to the ground, say:
The prostration or sujud should be done as described earlier. And repeat the azkar you did in the first sujud.
ie :”Subhaana Rabbial A’alaa” 3x minimum.
The praying person is closest to Allah at the point of prostration, so you can make lots of dua at this point. But it is worthy to note that, the dua can be made in the two prostrations after the musolli has said the azkar for sujud in each prostration. At this point, the praying person has completed one rakah.
Stand up to begin the second rakah. When you are upstanding say :
“Allahu Akbar” then fold your arms over your chest as described earlier and start to recite Fathiha (Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim is a verse in Fathiha but it should not be said out loud).
In loud recitations, the ” basmala” is recited silently and “Alhamdulillahi Rabbil Aalamin ” upto “wala do–lin, Ameen” is recited loudly.
After reciting the fathiha, recite a sura or part of a sura. You can also recite two or more different suras that are easy for you. After reciting the sura, catch your breath and say Allahu Akbar and go into the bowing position (rukuh). Rukuh has been described already. And the azkar for rukuh too has also been mentioned, so refer to that.
After the rukuh, rise to the standing position whilst saying:
“Sami Allahu Liman Hamidah”
When you are upstanding, say:
“Rabbanaa wa lakal hamd”
“Hamdan kaseeran toyyiban mubaarakan feeh”(silently)
Then go into the sujud position. Sujud position has been described already; and so is the azkar for sujud. Sit up and say the azkar:
Go into sujud again to complete a two rakah units of prayer. When you rise from this particular sujud, you sit for tashahud. When you are about to recite the tashahud, sit on your left foot, keep your right foot upright with the toes pressed firm on the ground and facing the qibla. Place your left palm on your left thigh close to your knee or better still, grab left knee. For the right palm, Point out your index finger, make a ring with your thumb and middle finger. The ring finger and little finger should bend with the middle finger. Place it on your right knee. The index finger should point towards direction of the qibla. Your gaze should be fixed on the index finger when reciting the tashahud:
“Attahiyyaatu lillalhi wassalawatu, wattoyibaatu, Assalaamu alayka ayyuhan–Nabiyyu wa rahmatullahi wa barakaatuh, Assalaamu alaynaa wa alaa ibaadillaahis–Solihin. Ash–hadu an laa ilaaha illallahu wa ash–hadu Anna Muhammadan abduhu wa Rasooluhu.”
If you are praying fajr or Jumuah you will conclude the salat and do taslim. But if it is Magrib, you will stand up again and pray an additional one rakah. If it is Zuhur, Asr, and Ishai , you will stand up and pray two more additional rakahs.
Lets assume, you are praying Fajr. So after the tashahud, you should ask Allah to send blessing upon our Noble Prophet (Sollallahu alayhi was sallam), before you do taslim. So you should say:
“Allaahumma solli alaa Muhammadin wa alaa aali Muhammad, kamaa sollayta alaa Ibrahim wa alaa aali Ibrahim, Innaka Hameedun Majeed. Allahumma baarik alaa Muhammadin wa alaa aali Muhammad, kamaa baarakta alaa Ibrahim wa alaa aali Ibrahim, Innaka Hameedun Majeed.”
Please DO NOT recite any different durood sheriff in your salat except solatul Ibrahimiyya.
But after the taslim, you may recite other salats as part of your dua.
After reciting solatul Ibrahimiyya, you can say the following dua:
“Allahumma innee a uuzubika min azaabil jahannama wa min azaabil qabri, wa min fitnatil mahyaa wal mamaati, wa min sharri fitnatil Masihiddajal.”
You may also add:
“Allahumma a innee alaa zikrika, was shukrika, wa husni ibaadatika.”
“Allahumma, innee zolamtu nafsee zulman kasiran, wa laayagfiru zunuuba illaa anta, fagfirlee magfiratan min indika, war hamnee innaka antal Gafuurur Rahim”
After that, do the taslim. Turn to your right side and say:
“Assalaamu alaykum wa Rahmatullah”
And turn to your left side and say again:
“Assalaamu alaykum wa Rahmatullah”.
After doing the taslim, say istigfar three times:
“Astagfirullah, Astagfirullah, Astagfirullah”.
After that, say:
“Allahumma Antas- Salaam, wa minkas- Salaam, tabaarakta yaa zaljallali wal ikram”.
You may recite several other azkars you know.
Then say the tasbih, tahmih and taqbir:
Subhanallahi 33 times
Walhamdulillahi. 33 times
Wallahu Akbar. 33 times
Add: “Laailaaha illallahu wahdahu laa shareeka lahu, lahul mulku wa lahul hamdu wa huwa alaa kulli shay inn qadeer”
You can also count:
Subhaanallah 10 times
Alhamdulillah 10 times
Allahu Akbar. 10 times
Recite Ayaatul kursi.
Recite Suratul Ikhlas, Suratul falaq and Sura -an Nas
(The above Suras should be recited 3 times each after Fajr and Magrib prayers. And once each after Zuhr, Asr and Ishai.)
Say other azkars you know.
Supplicate to Allah as much as you can.
After that, you should conclude your dua with recitation of Solatul Ibrahimiyya.
NB: Salat begins with the opening taqbir and ends with taslim.
Thank you for your time. May Allah make the worship of Him easy for us.
ASSALAAMULAYKUM WA RAHMATULLAHI TA’ALAA WA BARAKAATUHU.