Self-control or anger control is a very important quality for gaining God’s pleasure. It protects us from various physical and mental harms of anger or rage. Abu Huraira reported: A man came to the Prophet and he said, “Advise me.” The Prophet, peace, and blessings be upon him, said, “Do not be angry.” The man repeated his request and the Prophet said, “Do not be angry.”Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 5765
Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace, and blessings be upon him, said, “The strong is not the best wrestlers. Verily, the strong are only those who control themselves when they are angry.” Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 5763, Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 2609
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) gave this advice because he realized how harmful and dangerous it can be physically and mentally for him and the people around him when someone gets angry. But he also knew that it was not easy to follow this advice in the moment of anger, so he also taught us how to control anger. When he was asked, Narrated Abu Dharr: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said to us: When one of you becomes angry while standing, he should sit down. If the anger leaves him, well and good; otherwise he should lie down. (Sunan Abi Dawud 4782)
To understand why the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) gave this advice, we need to know what are the harmful effects of anger on our body and mind, and what is the relationship between sitting and lying down. When someone gets angry, a hormone called adrenaline starts secreting from the adrenaline glands above their kidneys. Anger, fear, low blood sugar or any such physical or mental stress can cause the release of this hormone. This adrenaline gland secretes another type of hormone called noradrenaline, although the main source of this hormone is at the end of the sympathetic nerve in the heart. However, these two types of hormones are interrelated and are released at the same time.
As a result of anger, our body secretes more of these two types of hormones. As one of these hormones is secreted from the heart, our heart becomes more active when we are angry, resulting in a faster and more irregular heartbeat. Many of us can experience this drastic change of heart as a result of physical or mental stress almost all the time. Moreover, our anger also multiplies the contraction of the heart muscle to provide extra oxygen due to over-activation of the heart; As a result, there is pressure on the arteries. And so the health risk of a person suffering from heart disease in an angry state increases many times over. And those who have less arterial width are several times more likely to have a heart attack (Cardiac Arrest), This is because of the sudden increase in blood flow through their constricted arteries, which can rupture at any time due to the extra pressure created in the arteries. Increasing the amount of these two hormones in the body also raises our blood pressure a lot, which is very dangerous and harmful for a person suffering from blood pressure (high or low blood pressure) problems. Moreover, diabetic patients are usually advised to control their anger because the excess adrenaline caused by anger or stress raises the amount of sugar in our blood, which is very dangerous for a diabetic patient.
Also, in some cases, anger or rage causes various serious health problems all over our body. And this may be the reason why Prophet Karim (peace be upon him) repeatedly advised us to control our anger. Explaining the importance of this, he said three times in a row, “Don’t be angry.”
Now let’s see how scientific is the way that the Prophet (peace be upon him) told us to control anger? “It’s scientifically proven that the amount of noradrenaline in a person’s blood can increase two to three times when they stand still for five minutes,” said Harrison, a well-known medical author. Adrenaline also increases slightly due to standing. But different types of stress can greatly increase the level of adrenaline in the blood. ”
Simply put, stand quietly for five minutes doubles the amount of noradrenaline in a person’s blood, as well as a small amount of adrenaline. It should be noted here that the hormone called adrenaline is increased mainly due to anger or stress. So obviously it appears that excessive secretion of this hormone when we get angry while standing causes severe stress on our body. This shows the importance of this advice given by the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) fifteen years ago when there was little human knowledge or progress in medicine compared to today. “If someone gets angry while standing, he should sit down immediately and stay there until the anger subsides. Otherwise he should lie down. ”- This is the most advanced medical advice of all time!
In addition to the worldly benefits of controlling one’s anger, Allah promises those who control their anger to be forgiven in the Hereafter and to be the dwellers of Paradise in Surah Al-Imran of the Holy Qur’an: [Surah Al ‘Imran, 3: 134]
May Allah give us the ability to control our anger.