Jokes in Islam.
If we look at the way of life of human beings from the beginning of creation to the present age, we can see that laughter and humor are inextricably linked with their lives. This sport-joke and pleasure-humor bring an inexhaustible vitality and enthusiasm in the life of the people. Intimate with people. Binding them in the midst of genuine love. This majestic act of joy and humor is performed among friends, peers, children, and other family members of the same age. On the contrary, no human being is free from this joyous act. But some less and some more.
As servants of Allah, we have to arrange every phase of our life according to the specific rituals of Allah the Almighty. So that the obedience of Allah (slavery) is fully realized in us. At present, the prevalence of laughter and jokes among the people is a bit high. Therefore, it has become necessary to know about its nature, rules, and types and what is the Shariah point of view in this regard. So that Muslims can abide by them and do not have to give up this beautiful method of removing monotony. And by following its Shari’ah direction, one can attain virtue as well as abstain from sin.
There are three types of jokes:
(1) Approved and commendable jokes: and that is, which is performed with good intentions, in good faith, and by adopting the principles of Shariah rules. Such as joking with parents politely or joking with wife, children, similar friends for their joyful presence in their hearts. By these, the virtue of the joker is gained.
Evidence for the approval of this type of joke:
A) Hanyalah Ra. In its hadith he says:O Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, Hanzalah has become a hypocrite. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: How? I said, “O Messenger of Allah when we are with you and you remind us of Paradise and Hell, it seems as if we can see visually.” When I leave you and our wife is busy with children and various household chores. Then I forgot a lot of it. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “I swear by the one in whose hand I am.” But O Hanzalah, sometimes like this, sometimes like that. He said the word three times. [Muslim: 4937]
B) Jaber Ibn Abdullah. There’s a tradition: When will ibn Abdullah (RA) The Prophet married the Prophet and asked him: Did you marry O can be done? I said: Yes. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: Virgin or widow? I said: Widow. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: Why did you not marry a virgin? If you married a virgin girl, she would laugh and joke with you, and you could laugh with her too. [Muslim: 3501; Eifah]
C) Ayesha Ra. It is narrated in the hadith: He was with the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) on one of his journeys. Ayesha Ra. He said: I ran with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and left him behind. Then when my body became fat, I competed again and Rasool won. Then he said: This victory instead of that victory (revenge). [Abu Dawood: 2214]
D) Anas Ra. There is a hadith narrated from: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) once addressed him as follows : ((O man with two ears).) [ Tirmidhi: 35]
E) Anas Ra. Narrated from: A man asked the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) for a (carrying animal) carriage. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: I will ride you on a young camel. He said: O Messenger of Allah, what shall I do with a young camel? The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: A camel does not give birth to anything except a baby camel. [ Bukhari: 1914]
(2) Insulting joke: that is, a joke that is performed with evil intentions and malicious intent or in violation of the rules prescribed by the Shari’ah. Examples: such as false mixed jokes, or jokes intended to hurt others.
(3) Mubah joke: ঐ A joke that has no proper purpose, no good intention, but does not have to go beyond the limits set by the Shari’ah and does not break the rules. Such a joke is neither admirable nor reprehensible. So there is no virtue in it. Because the principle of virtue, that is, the right purpose and honest intention, has not been found here, there will be no sin in the same way because the Shari’ah has not been violated or any principle has not been broken.
Some jokes and etiquette:
First of all, there are things to keep in mind when making jokes:
1. When making good intentions, that is, jokes, the person concerned will have in his mind the idea that he is doing a good deed which is pleasing to Allah. For example, to make their brother, wife, father, or someone else happy by making them happy. Or to bring someone closer to a good deed by making that joke. Or to cheer one’s soul for the purpose of saving energy for a good deed. Or any such good intentions. And the proof of this great principle is the saying of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him): The result of all deeds is determined on the basis of intention.
2. To make the truth essential, that is, to make jokes, only true and realistic jokes will be made and lies will be avoided.
Abu Hurairah. The people said: O Messenger of Allah, are you joking with us? The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: I do not speak without the truth. [ Tirmidhi: 1913]
3. In order to make a joke, one must have respect and esteem for others, give people their due dignity, and understand the mindset of the opponent. Not all people like jokes.
Second: The things that have to be avoided during the joke.
1. Lying, whether in the form of a joke or in a purposeful way, is haraam in all cases and is a very bad deed from the point of view of the Shari’ah. There is special punishment for telling lies to make people laugh. And this is because it is very dangerous, encouraging peers as well as getting involved in it very easily, and expressing oneself through it.
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: Destruction is inevitable for the person who speaks to make people laugh and then lies, his destruction is inevitable, his destruction is inevitable. [Tirmidhi: 2237]
The Shari’ah not only forbade this evil practice of lying here but also encouraged the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) to abandon it in matters such as jokes. Says: I am taking charge of a special house in the middle of Paradise for the person who has completely avoided lying even in the midst of jokes. [ Abu Dawood: 4167]
2. In the case of humor, the increase in quantity is so great that the gathering itself is transformed into a gather of laughter and jokes, and the main objectives and necessary matters are suppressed. And it becomes the identity and characteristics of the person. Such a level of humor is reprehensible. Because it is a waste of time. The influence of personality is lost, the characteristic Islamic personality is lost, of course, it falls into falsehood. The other is made smaller, the younger ones become bolder over the older ones. The heart dies and the Muslims move away from the kind of real and beneficial qualities that they are supposed to be adorned with.
3. Making fun of strangers. Because it is the cause of fitna and obscenity and drives the heart towards haram.
4. To harm, injure, or deprive others of their rights, or to inflict an injury that violates the limits or to make fun of things that may cause harm, such as stones or weapons.
Such jokes create animosity and sometimes even quarrel. The joke is no longer considered a joke, it is considered real and love turns into violence. Choice takes a turn towards dislike. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “Tell My slaves that they will say what is best. Satan prevents conflict between them. [ Surat al-Isra ‘: 53]
Ibn Kathir (may Allah be pleased with him) said: Allah has instructed His believing servants to speak softly and kindly when speaking to one another. If they do not, Satan will cause strife among them.
5. Joking about Shariah matters. Joking about the Shari’a is considered as ridicule and satire which is basically Kufr and these expel the person concerned from Islam. May Allah protect us. In the Holy Qur’an, Allah Ta’ala says: And if you ask them, they will say, “We were just talking and joking.” Say: Did you make a mockery of Allah with His commands and with His Apostle? Do not be deceived, after you have believed. [Surah Tawbah: 65-66]
In the same way, the same rule applies to the bearers of religion such as Sahaba, Ulama, Salehin, and others. In other words, if someone makes fun of their behavior, speech, conduct, fatwa, etc., he will not have faith.