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Shade Of Allah In the day of Resurrection

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Shade Of Allah In the day of Resurrection

Question about Shade Of Allah In the day of Resurrection. Question: What I want to know is that: What kind of people will be included into the “shade” of the chair which Allah (s.w.t) will be sitting, when the sun is brought closer to the earth. I hope I am phrasing the question right.
Answer
Praise be to Allaah.

Seven of those whom Allaah will shade with His shade on the Day when there will be no shade except His were mentioned in the saheeh ahaadeeth.

It was reported from Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:

“There are seven whom Allaah will shade with His shade on the day when there will be no shade except His: the just ruler; a young man who grows up worshipping his Lord; a man whose heart is attached to the mosque; two men who love one another for the sake of Allaah and meet and part on that basis; a man who is called by a woman of rank and beauty and says ‘I fear Allaah’; a man who gives in charity and conceals it to such an extent that his left-hand does not know what his right hand gives; and a man who remembers Allaah when he is alone, and his eyes fill up.” (Agreed upon, narrated by al-Bukhaari, no. 620; Muslim, no. 1712; and others).

This is one of the blessings that Allaah bestows upon His believing slaves. On the great Day when mankind will be suffering distress and hardship, the sun will be brought near to mankind, until the distance between them is equal to the length of the stick used for applying kohl to the eyes [meel= may also mean a “mile”], and all the people will sweat according to their deeds, except for some of the believers, whom Allaah will single out to shade them with His shade, and He will protect them from the sun and from sweating.

‘Uqbah ibn ‘Aamir said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) say:

“The sun will be brought near to the earth and the people will sweat. For some people, the sweat will come up to their heels; for some, it will come halfway up their shins; for some, it will come up to their knees; for some, it will come up to their backsides; for some, it will come up to their hips; for some, it will come up to their shoulders; for some it will come up to their necks; for some, it will come up to the middle of their mouths, and some of them will be completely covered with their sweat.” (Narrated by Imaam Ahmad in his Musnad, no. 16798)

There follows the commentary of Ibn Hajar (may Allaah be pleased with him) on the hadeeth (about the shade of Allaah):

“with His shade”. The fact that the shade is connected to Allaah is an expression of honour, for every shade belongs to Him. It was said that this refers to His honour and protection, just as it may be said (in Arabic) that a person is in the shade (or shadow) of the king. And it was said that it refers to the shadow of His Throne, which is more correct

“the just ruler” means one who holds the position of Khalifah, and anyone else who is appointed to a position of authority over the Muslims’ affairs, and he fulfils his duties justly.

The best definition of “just” is one who obeys the commands of Allaah and puts everything in its proper place without going to the extreme either of overdoing it or of negligence. The just ruler is mentioned first because his benefits are so far-reaching.

“a young man”. Young men are mentioned in particular because they are more likely to feel desire because of their strong motives for following their desires. The fact that a young man adheres to worship despite that is indicative of the strength of his taqwa (piety).

“worshipping his Lord”. In the hadeeth of Salmaan, it says that he “spent his youth and his energy in worshipping Allaah.”

“attached to the mosque”. The apparent meaning is an attachment in the sense of hanging as if his heart is likened to something that hangs in the mosque – like a lamp, for example – indicating that his heart is so strongly attached to the mosque that even when he leaves the mosque, his heart is still there. Or it could mean attachment in the sense of deep love.

“love one another” means, they shared a kind of love whereby each loved the other in a genuine sense, not just to show off.

“and [they] meet and part on that basis” means, this is an ongoing love based on religion, which they do not cut off for any worldly reason, whether they meet in reality or not until death comes between them.

“a man who is called by a woman of rank and beauty”. The meaning of “of rank” is, of high birth or a high position; this may refer to lineage or to wealth. The woman is described as having all the qualities which people usually seek, power and wealth, along with beauty. It is very rare to find all three in a woman. The apparent meaning is that she called him to commit immoral actions.

“and says ‘I fear Allaah’”. The apparent meaning is that he says this out loud, either to rebuke her for her immorality or to refuse her call. It may also be that he says it in his heart.

“to such an extent that his left-hand does not know what his right hand gives”. What is meant by this is that he conceals his charitable giving, and goes to such an extreme that his left hand, even though it is so close to his right hand and is always with it that even if we imagined that it could understand, it would not know what the right hand is doing because of this utter secrecy? This is a metaphor.

“and a man who remembers Allaah” – either in his heart or by mentioning Him out loud.

“when he is alone” – because this is furthest away from showing off. What is meant here is that there are no distractions, so he pays attention to nothing except Allaah.

“his eyes fill up (lit. flood)” means, they fill with tears; this is another metaphor.

Although men are mentioned in this hadeeth, women are also included in what is described here. Although what is meant by a “just leader” is the position of the imam (Khalifah), women may also be included in this, if they have children and treat them justly. The idea of being attached to the mosque does not apply to women, because a woman’s prayer in her home is better than her prayer in the mosque. Apart from that, women have a share in all of these things; if a man may be called by a woman, then it can be imagined that a woman could be called by a handsome king, for example, and she refuses because she fears Allaah, even though she may have motives to respond.

Fath al-Baari, 620.

There are others whom Allaah will also shade with His shade – apart from the seven mentioned in the hadeeth quoted above – who is mentioned in other ahaadeeth. Ibn Hajar listed them in Fath al-Baari (620) as follows:

“Those who fight (for the sake of Allaah); those who help the mujaahideen; those who defer payment of debt for debtors who are in difficulty, or let them off all or part of the debt; those who help people who are heavily in debt; those who help slaves who have drawn up contracts of manumission; those who have a good attitude; those who walk to the mosque; sincere and honest traders; those who take what is due to them and no more; those who spend for the sake of Allaah; those who sponsor orphans.”

We ask Allaah to shade us with His shade on the Day when there will be no shade except His.
The Messenger of Allāh صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ said: “Seven [types of people] Allah will shade them with His Shade [i.e the shade of is Throne] on the Day when there will be no shade except His Shade [i.e. Day of Resurrection]:
1) A just ruler
2) A youth who grew up with the worship of Allah
3) A person whose heart is attached to the mosque
4) Two persons who love and meet each other and depart from each other for the sake of Allah
5) A man whom a beautiful and high ranking woman seduces [for illicit relation], but he [rejects this offer and] says: “I fear Allah”
6) A person who gives a charity and conceals it [to such an extent] that his left-hand does not know what his right hand has given
7) A person who remembers Allah in solitude and his eyes shed tears.

[al-Bukhari 620 – Muslim 1712]

Commentary of Ibn Hajar (may Allah be pleased with him) on this hadeeth:

“with His shade”. The fact that the shade is connected to Allaah is an expression of honour, for every shade belongs to Him. It was said that this refers to His honour and protection, just as it may be said (in Arabic) that a person is in the shade (or shadow) of the king. And it was said that it refers to the shadow of His Throne, which is more correct

“a just ruler” means one who holds the position of Khalifah, and anyone else who is appointed to a position of authority over the Muslims’ affairs, and he fulfils his duties justly.

The best definition of “just” is one who obeys the commands of Allaah and puts everything in its proper place without going to the extreme either of overdoing it or of negligence. The just ruler is mentioned first because his benefits are so far-reaching.

“a youth”. Young men are mentioned in particular because they are more likely to feel desire because of their strong motives for following their desires. The fact that a young man adheres to worship despite that is indicative of the strength of his taqwa (piety).

“worshipping Allah”. In the hadeeth of Salmaan, it says that he “spent his youth and his energy in worshipping Allaah.”

“attached to the mosque”. The apparent meaning is an attachment in the sense of hanging as if his heart is likened to something that hangs in the mosque – like a lamp, for example – indicating that his heart is so strongly attached to the mosque that even when he leaves the mosque, his heart is still there. Or it could mean attachment in the sense of deep love.

“love one another” means, they shared a kind of love whereby each loved the other in a genuine sense, not just to show off.

“and [they] meet and part on that basis” means, this is an ongoing love based on religion, which they do not cut off for any worldly reason, whether they meet in reality or not until death comes between them.

“a man whom a beautiful and high ranking woman seduces”. The meaning of “high ranking” is, of high birth or a high position; this may refer to lineage or to wealth. The woman is described as having all the qualities which people usually seek, power and wealth, along with beauty. It is very rare to find all three in a woman. The apparent meaning is that she called him to commit immoral actions.

“says ‘I fear Allah’”. The apparent meaning is that he says this out loud, either to rebuke her for her immorality or to refuse her call. It may also be that he says it in his heart.

“to such an extent that his left-hand does not know what his right hand has given”. What is meant by this is that he conceals his charitable giving, and goes to such an extreme that his left hand, even though it is so close to his right hand and is always with it that even if we imagined that it could understand, it would not know what the right hand is doing because of this utter secrecy? This is a metaphor.

“and a man who remembers Allah” – either in his heart or by mentioning Him out loud.

“in solitude” – because this is furthest away from showing off. What is meant here is that there are no distractions, so he pays attention to nothing except Allaah.

“his eyes fill up (lit. flood)” means, they fill with tears; this is another metaphor.

Although men are mentioned in this hadeeth, women are also included in what is described here. Although what is meant by a “just leader” is the position of the imam (Khalifah), women may also be included in this, if they have children and treat them justly. The idea of being attached to the mosque does not apply to women, because a woman’s prayer in her home is better than her prayer in the mosque. Apart from that, women have a share in all of these things; if a man may be called by a woman, then it can be imagined that a woman could be called by a handsome king, for example, and she refuses because she fears Allaah, even though she may have motives to respond.

[Fath al-Baari / explanation for Saheeh al-Bukhari 620.]
Imam Ibnul Qayyim said,

أنك إذا تأملت السبعة الذين يظلهم الله عز وجل في ظل عرشه يوم لا ظل إلا ظله، وجدتهم إنما نالوا ذلك الظل بمخالفة الهوى:

‘If you contemplate over the seven whom Allah will shade within the shade of His Throne, on a Day when there will be no shade but His, you will find that they deserved that shade *because* of their subduing of Al-Hawaa/ desire.

فإن الإمام المسلط القادر، لا يتمكن من العدل إلا بمخالفة هواه

The leader who has authority and power can never establish justice only after he’d subdued his *Hawaa*.

والشابَ المؤثر لعبادة الله على داعي شبابه، لولا مخالفة هواه لم يقدر على ذلك

And with respect to the youth who prefers sincere worship of Allah over the cravings of youthfulness, had it not been for the subduing of his *Hawaa*, he would not be able to attain this state.

والرجلَ الذي قلبه معلق بالمساجد، إنما حمله على ذلك مخالفة الهوى الداعي له إلى أماكن اللذات

As for the person whose heart is attached to the mosques, such a person was able to attain this state due to the subduing of his *Hawaa* which always invites him to the venues of lusts.

والمتصدقَ المخفي لصدقته عن شماله لولا قهره لهواه لم يقدر على ذلك

As for the person who gives charity so secretly that his left-hand does not know what his right hand has given, had it not been for his subduing of his *Hawaa*, he would have not been able to do this.

والذي دعته المرأة الجميلة الشريفة فخاف الله عز وجل وخالف هواه

And for the person who was seduced by a beautiful woman of high status but rejected this to his fear of Allah had subdued his *Hawaa*

والذي ذكر الله عز وجل خاليا ففاضت عيناه من خشيته إنما أوصله إلى ذلك مخالفة هواه

As for the one who remembers Allah in seclusion and his eyes flood with tears out of fear of Him, he was only able to achieve this after constant subduing of his *Hawaa*”

Imam Ibnul Qayyim concludes,

فلم يكن لحر الموقف وعرقه وشدته سبيل عليهم يوم القيامة

“Therefore, the intense heat of the Day of Standing and its sweating will not touch them in the least.”

(From his book, ‘Rawdatul Muhibbeen’)

Because the people above had put out the heat of prohibited desires today, the coolness of Allah’s shade will be theirs tomorrow.

Ibn Al-Qayyim رحمه الله said :

“If you reflect on the seven that Allah will shade under the shade of his throne the day there’s no shade except his shade; you’ll find that they only reached that by disobeying their desires.”

● [‎ﺭﻭﺿﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺒﻴﻦ ٤٨٤/١]
The Prophet ﷺ said: “Allaah will give shade, to seven, on the Day when there will be no shade but His. (Among these seven will be): ‘a youth who has been brought up in the worship of Allaah.’”
[Saheehain]

Shaikh Ibn al-`Uthaymeen رحمه الله said:
“ ‘Youth’ (al-Shaab) is an age between 15 years and 30 years.”
[Sharh Riyaadh al-Saaliheen (1/462)]

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