The consequences of backbiting In Islam. Islam emphasizes the importance of unity. Islam has urged all to refrain from all acts that destroy unity and brotherhood. Slander or backbiting is one of the things that are capable of cracking down on society and tearing apart the picturesque palace of unity. Through this, Satan causes cracks in society. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “ Woe to the slanderer behind and in front. [ Surah Humajah: 01 ] This behavior has been warned in various ways in the Qur’an and Hadith.
Definition of backbiting: ‘backbiting’ means pointing out one’s faults to others unnecessarily. Ibn al-Asir said: “Gossip is something that a person mentions in his absence, which he dislikes, even though it exists in him.” These definitions have been taken from the hadith. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) introduced backbiting and said: “ Backbiting is to describe the behavior of your brother which he knows is bad. ” Muslim # 1803
Consequences of backbiting: Backbiting is one of the major sins. The sin of backbiting is greater than interest; On the contrary, in the hadith, backbiting has been called great interest (Sahih At-Targhib) Ayesha (ra) went to the Prophet (peace be upon him) to criticize Shafiya (ra) and said: O Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him)! It is enough for you to be like Shafi’i. By this, She meant the short size of Shafi’i. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: Hearing this, the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “ O Ayesha! You said something that if it could be mixed with seawater, its color would change. ”
(1) Reason for backbiting in hell: Prophet Mohammad (P.B.U.H) also discussed the punishment of backbiting; he said that during the Night of Ascension (Mi’raj), he saw a group of people who were scratching their chests and faces with their copper nails. He said, that when he asked, ‘Who are these people, O Jibril?’ Jibril replied: ‘These are the people who ate the flesh of others (by backbiting) and trampled people’s honor.’ (Riyad as-Salihin)
(2) Gossip is like eating the flesh of a dead brother: Allah says: “ Let none of you gossip about anyone, do any of you want him to eat the flesh of his dead brother? You hate it. [ Surat al-Hujurat: 12 ] This verse proves that backbiting is like eating the flesh of a dead person.
Anas ibn Malik (may Allah be pleased with him) said: The Arabs used to serve each other when they went out on a journey. Abu Bakr and ‘Umar had a servant with them. (Once on tour) They both woke up to find that their service had not prepared food for them, so they said to each other, “Look, this man is sleeping like at home (meaning he is asleep as if he is at home, not on tour).”. Then they woke him up and said: Go to the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) and tell him that Abu Bakr and Umar greeted you and sent you vegetables (for breakfast). When the man went to the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) he [Rasulullah (peace be upon him)) said: They ate vegetables, then they were surprised and came to the Prophet (peace be upon him) and said: O Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him)! We came to you and sent people to call for vegetables, but you said, have we eaten vegetables? Then the Prophet (peace be upon him) He said: You have eaten the flesh of your brother. I swear entity! In whose hand is my soul, surely I can see the flesh of that servant through the gap of your front teeth. They said: O Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) ask forgiveness for us. Albani has called the hadith Sahih.
Abdullah Ibn Masood (RA) said: “ (Once) we were with the Holy Prophet (SAW). At this point, a man got up and left. After his departure, someone criticized him. Then the Prophet (peace be upon him) said to him: Brush your teeth. The man said: Why do I gnash my teeth? I did not eat any meat. Then he said: Surely you have eaten your brother’s meat, that is, you have ‘backbit’. ”
Gossip is one of the reasons for being punished in the grave: Once the Prophet (peace be upon him) was passing by two graves. Suddenly he stopped and said: “ These two gravediggers are being punished. However, they are not being punished for any major crime (which was difficult for them to commit). One of them is being punished for gossiping and the other is being punished for being careless about urinating. ” Another hadith mentions backbiting instead of gossiping.
Allah says in Quran in various places to hold the tongue, to not pass the rumors, to investigate the things before passing on, to be very much careful what information you are passing, to protect the dignity and respect of others, to not make fun of anyone in such a way that it will hurt another person’s self-esteem, and to avoid back biting and slandering. The following verses are further clarifying this statement,
Surah An-Nur, verse 12-15:
“Why, when you heard it, did not the believing men and believing women think good of one another and say, “This is an obvious falsehood”? Why did they [who slandered] not produce for it four witnesses? And when they do not produce the witnesses, then it is they, in the sight of Allah, who are the liars. And if it had not been for the favor of Allah upon you and His mercy in this world and the Hereafter, you would have been touched for that [lie] in which you were involved by a great punishment. When you received it with your tongues and said with your mouths that of which you had no knowledge and thought it was insignificant while it was, in the sight of Allah, tremendous”. [24: 12-15]
In conclusion, may Allah save us from all kind slander and backbiting.
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