Allah (SWT) speaks in the Quran about the Importance of Sabr(patience) in Islam. Patience is a very important issue in the case of Aqeedah. In the face of adversity in life, instability cannot be expressed. Rather be patient. Besides, one should expect to get a reward from Allah. Imam Ahmad (RA) said, “Allah Ta’ala has discussed patience in ninety places in the Qur’an.”
It is narrated in the hadith: “ Patience is light. (Musnad Ahmad and Muslim)
Umar. Says: “ We have found the patience to be the best means of our livelihood. ”(Bukhari)
Ali Ra. He said: “ The example of patience in faith is like the head in the body. Then he raised his voice and said, ” He who does not have patience does not have faith.” ”
Abu Saeed Khudri. To be described. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “ Allaah Ta’ala has not given to anyone a better and greater gift than patience. ”[Sunan Abu Dawood, paragraph: to be immaculate. Sahih]
Types of patience: There are three types of patience:
1) To be patient on the command of Allah.
2) Patience in the prohibition of God.
3) Patience in danger.
Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “There is no danger except by Allaah’s command. And whoever believes in Allah, He guides his heart to the right path. [ Surah Tagabun: 11 ]
Alkema said, ” Allah Ta’ala ‘whose heart is guided to the right path’ is the person who believes that it has come from Allah when he is in danger.” As a result, even when in danger, he is happy and simply accepts her. ”
Other commentators have said in the context of the interpretation of this verse, “Whoever is in distress believes that it has come in accordance with the judgment of Allah. As a result, he is patient and hopes to be rewarded in the Hereafter, and by surrendering to the judgment of Allah, Allah Ta’ala guides his heart to the right path, and in return for the loss of this world, He gives him guidance and truly strong faith. Give in exchange for what you have taken. ”
Saeed bin Zubair. He said: ” Whoever believes, Allah guides his heart.” Regarding the commentary of this verse, he said, “If he encounters any loss or danger, he will say, ‘Innallahi wa inna ilaihi rajein’, that is, we will return to Allah and to Him.” [ Surat al-Baqara: 156 ]
In that verse, it is proved that deeds are part of faith. It is further proved that the guidance of the heart is obtained by patience.
Patience is needed in many areas of life:
The believer needs patience in every step. Patience is required in the face of God’s command. Patience is required in calling to the cause of God. Because, if you go down this path, you will have to face various kinds of hardships and dangers. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “Invite to the way of your Lord with wisdom and good advice and debate with them in the most dignified manner. Your Lord is aware of those who stray from His path, and He is aware of those who are guided. If you were to retaliate, retaliate to the same degree as the injury done to you. But if you resort to patience—it is better for the patient. So be patient. Your patience is solely from Allah. And do not grieve over them, and do not be stressed by their schemes. [ Surah An-Nahl: 125-127 ]
It is necessary to show extreme patience even if it is possible to order good deeds and forbid bad deeds. Because, in this way, people have to face various kinds of suffering. Lokman, as Allah said, (he said to his son while teaching): ” My son, be steadfast in prayer, enjoin good and forbid evil. And be patient in the face of adversity. Patience in danger is a matter of great determination. [ Surah Luqman: 17 ]
The believer needs patience in the face of various dangers, hardships and complications of life. He believes that no matter how many crises come, everything comes from Allah. As a result, he accepted it lightly. He is happy even when he is in danger. In this case, it does not express anger, frustration, and instability. Restrains one’s language and behavior. Because he is a deep believer in God. He believes in destiny. Believing in destiny is one of the six pillars of faith.
There are many benefits to believing in Takir. One of them is patience in danger. So if a person is not patient in danger, it means that he is missing this important pillar of faith. Or even if it is very shaky. As a result, he became impatient with anger in the moment of danger. But the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) reported that it was an act of disbelief that caused a rift in the belief.
The sins of the servant are forgiven through calamities:
Allah Ta’ala inflicts various calamities on His servants for a great purpose. That is, through all these, Allah Ta’ala forgives the sins of His servants. Such as Anas Ra. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said in a hadeeth: “ When Allaah wants the welfare of a slave, He punishes him in this world. But if the servant seeks evil, he refrains from the punishment of his sin and gives him his due on the Day of Resurrection. “
Ibn Taymiyyah said: “ Danger is a blessing. Because it forgives sins. If you persevere in danger, you will be rewarded. If you are in danger, you have to cry more to Allah. He has to give more dharna. It is necessary to point out one’s lack and helplessness to Allah. It is necessary to turn away from the creatures and return to the One God. “
If sins are forgiven when one is in danger, the sinner falls away, but it is a great blessing. In general, calamity is a means of gaining God’s mercy and blessings. However, if a person commits a greater sin than this because of this danger, it will be a great loss to him in the case of religion. Because there are some people who fall into poverty or get sick, they have various problems like hypocrisy, impatience, mental illness, blatant blasphemy etc. Many even give up some obligatory work. Many are engaged in various haraam activities. As a result, he suffered a great loss in the case of religion. So it is better not to be in danger in the case of such a person. It is better for him not to be in danger than to be in trouble.
On the other hand, if calamity creates patience and obedience in a person, then this calamity becomes a great blessing for him in the field of religion.
Allah Ta’ala tests the patience of His servants through test:
With calamity Allah tests those who show patience and are satisfied with Allah’s decision, while others show impatience and displeasure with Allah’s decision. As the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “ The harder the danger, the greater the reward. God tests people when He loves them. So whoever is satisfied with it, then Allah is pleased with him, and whoever is dissatisfied with it, then Allah is pleased with him. ”
There are many instructive aspects for us in this hadith. Such as:
1) The servant will be rewarded according to his deeds. “As is the fruit of deeds.”
2) An attribute of God is found here. That is ‘being satisfied’. This is a quality like other qualities of Allah Ta’ala. Like all other virtues, it will be applicable to Allah as it is suitable for Him.
3) It is known in this hadith that Allah Ta’ala inflicts calamity on His servants for a great purpose. That is, he tests his loved ones through it.
4) Evidence of destiny is found here.
5) No matter how many dangers come in human life, everything comes according to the destiny of Allah, that is, the pre-determined judgment.
) The lesson here is that danger must be dealt with patiently. Besides, in the face of every danger in every moment, one has to give dharna to Allah and walk on the path relying on Him.
The consequences of patience are commendable:
In all the hardships and dangers of life, Allah Ta’ala has instructed us to seek help from Him through prayer and patience. Because it lies the welfare of the people. The consequences of patience are admirable. Allah Ta’ala has informed us that He is with the patient. That is, he helps them. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning ): “ O you who believe! Seek the help of Allaah through prayer and patience. Surely Allah is with the patient. [ Surat al-Baqara: 153 ]
The importance and necessity of patience can be realized from here. The believer needs to show patience in every step of his life. Through this patience, beliefs and convictions become stronger and stronger.
May Allah Ta’ala grant us the tawfiq of patience.