Home BlogIslam The right of the child in Islam

The right of the child in Islam

by I Need Allah

Allah has made human life balanced and attractive through child-bearing. The one who has no children is the one who realizes the greatest blessing of children in family life. Those to whom Allah, the Lord of the Worlds, has given children, have been entrusted with great responsibility. The biggest failure for parents will be if they cannot develop the child in an ideal way. Abu Huraira narrated the hadith from him, he said, the Prophet said: ” Every newborn baby in his natural-born followers of Islam. Then his parents raised him as a Jew, a Nazarene, or a fire-worshiper. [Sahih Bukhari: 1358]

As our society moves towards anti-culture, immorality, and character-destroying acts day by day, the responsibilities that we have on our children must be taken very seriously. Raising a child in the way prescribed by Allah and His Messenger is one of the demands of faith. The rights that children have over us are discussed here:

(1) Giving Azan to the ear: After the child is born, he or she should take a bath and clean then give Azan in his right ear, whether it is a boy or a girl. It is therefore an important duty of the parents to convey the voice of Allah superiority to the child’s ears first and foremost so that the devil who lurks may not harm him. Hadith,

Narrated Abu Rafi’:

I saw the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) uttering the call to prayer (Adhan) in the ear of al-Hasan ibn Ali when Fatimah gave birth to him. [Sunan Abu Dawood: 5105]

(2) Having a beautiful name: “ Choosing a beautiful name for a child is one of the responsibilities and duties of parents. The beauty of a name that makes sense. Because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) changed many ugly names. ”[Abu Dawood 4952-4971]

(3) Aqeeqah: One of the aspects of Islamic culture is the aqeeqah of the child. Sacrifice 2 goats on behalf of the boy and 1 goat on behalf of the girl in the name of Allah. It is narrated on the authority of Samurah (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, “ All newborns are bound by his aqeedah. On the seventh day of his birth, he will be slaughtered. His name will be kept for 7 days. And the hair of his head will be shaved. [Sunan Abu Dawood: 2838]

The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “Every child is mortgaged to his `aqeeqah.”(Ibn Majah)

(4) Doing sadaqah: It is sunnah to cut the hair on the seventh day, whether it is a boy or a girl, and to give sadaqah of the silver amount of hair. Narrated Ali Radiyallahu Anhu: “ The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said: Akika gave 1 goat on its behalf and said, O Fatima! Shave his head, and give him alms of silver. [Sunan at-Tirmidhi: 1519] Besides, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to pray for the children with dates and blessings. [Sahih Bukhari: 3909; Muslim: 2146]

(5) Circumcision: Circumcision of boys is one of the Sunnah. It is narrated in the hadith: “ It is narrated on the authority of Jabir (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) Hasan and Husain (may Allah be pleased with them) performed aqeedah and circumcision on the seventh day. [Al-Mu’jamul Awsat: 606]

(7) Teaching Tawheed: The teaching of Tawheed of Allah should be done from the time when the child starts talking. Ibn ‘Abbas narrated: I was behind the Prophet(s.a.w) one day when he said: ‘O boy! I will teach you a statement: Be mindful of Allah and He will protect you. Be mindful of Allah and you will find Him before you. When you ask, ask Allah, and when you seek aid, seek Allah’s aid. Know that if the entire creation were to gather together to do something to benefit you- you would never get any benefit except that Allah had written for you. And if they were to gather to do something to harm you- you would never be harmed except that Allah had written for you. The pens are lifted and the pages are dried.’[Tirmidhi: 2517]

(8) Teaching the Qur’an: The child should be taught the Qur’an from an early age. Because it is obligatory to teach the Quran. Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that he said: “ Teach your children three things. Among them is teaching them to recite the Qur’an and give them knowledge of the Qur’an. ”[Jamiul Kabir]

There is no better job than teaching the Qur’an. Narrated `Uthman: The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “The best among you (Muslims) are those who learn the Qur’an and teach it.”  [Sahih Bukhari: 5027]

(9) Teaching Salat and getting used to Salat: It is an important right that parents should teach Salat to their child and make him accustomed to Salat. It is Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-‘As: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: Command your children to pray when they become seven years old, and beat them for it (prayer) when they become ten years old; and arrange their beds (to sleep) separately. [Sunan Abu Dawood: 495]

(10) Teaching manners or etiquette: “ Teaching the behavior of children is part of the responsibility and duty of the parents. Luqman said to his son,” O my son, observe the prayer, advocate righteousness, forbid evil, and be patient over what has befallen you. These are of the most honorable traits.(verse 17).”And do not treat people with arrogance, nor walk proudly on earth. Allah does not love the arrogant showoffs.” ( Verse 18). “And moderate your stride, and lower your voice. The most repulsive of voices is the donkey’s voice.”(Verse 19).  [ Surah Luqman 17, 19 ]

(10) To give affection and love: To love children and to love them sincerely. Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) kissed Al-Hasan bin `Ali while Al-Aqra’ bin H`Abis at-Tamim was sitting beside him. Al-Aqra said, “I have ten children and I have never kissed anyone of them,” Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) cast a look at him and said, “Whoever is not merciful to others will not be treated mercifully.”Sahih Bukhari: 5997]

(11) Teaching religious knowledge: It has been made obligatory to teach religious knowledge to the child. Because if he does not know the religious knowledge, he will be confused and will be among the losers. It is narrated/Authority of Abu Umamah“The Messenger of Allah (saw) said: ‘You must acquire this knowledge before it is taken away, and it’s taking away means that it will be lifted up.’ He joined his middle finger and the one that is next to the thumb like this, and said: ‘The scholar and the seeker of knowledge share the reward, and there is no good in the rest of the people.'” [Sunan Ibn Majah: 228]

(12) take responsibility for your children till adulthood: Children should be brought up till adulthood and necessary expenses should be incurred for them. It is narrated on the authority of Umm Salamah (may Allah be pleased with her) that she said: I asked the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) if I spend for the children of Abu Salamah, is there any reward for me? The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, “Yes, there will be a reward for you as long as you spend.” [Sahih Bukhari: 5369]

(13) Empowerment: Enabling children in such a way that they are qualified to earn. Narrated ‘Amir bin Sa`d bin Abi Waqqas narrated from the Prophet peace be upon him, said this to me: ” Narrated ‘Amir bin Sa`d bin Abi Waqqas: That his father said, In the year of the last Hajj of the Prophet I became seriously ill and the Prophet used to visit me inquiring about my health. I told him, ‘I am reduced to this state because of illness and I am wealthy and have no inheritors except a daughter, (In this narration the name of ‘Amir bin Sa`d is mentioned and in fact, it is a mistake; the narrator is `Aisha bint Sa`d bin Abi Waqqas). Should I give two-thirds of my property in charity?’ He said, ‘No.’ I asked, ‘Half?’ He said, ‘No.’ then he added, ‘One-third, and even one-third is much. You’d better leave your inheritors wealthy rather than leaving them poor, begging others. You will get a reward for whatever you spend for Allah’s sake, even for what you put in your wife’s mouth.’ I said, ‘O Allah’s Apostle! Will I be left alone after my companions have gone?’ He said, ‘If you are left behind, whatever good deeds you will do will upgrade you and raise you high. And perhaps you will have a long life so that some people will be benefited from you while others will be harmed by you. O, Allah! Complete the emigration of my companions and do not turn them, renegades.’ But Allah’s Apostle felt sorry for poor Sa`d bin Khaula as he died in Mecca. (but Sa`d bin Abi Waqqas lived long after the Prophet (p.b.u.h).)[Sahih Bukhari: 1295]

(14) Giving marriage: Giving marriage in Sunnah manner and performing all the work of marriage and arranging marriage at a suitable time. Abu Huraira reported that since it has been described as: ” Indeed, in truth, the father of the child, the adult children, would marry him. ”[Jamiul Kabir]

(15) To guide in the way of religion: One of the responsibilities of parents is to guide their children in the way of religion, in the way of Qur’an-Sunnah, to make them accustomed to following the rules of religion. The Qur’an says: ” Say: Say, “This is my way; I invite to Allah, based on clear knowledge—I and whoever follows me. Glory be to Allah; and I am not of the polytheists.” ‘ [ Surah Yusuf: 108 ]

There is a great opportunity to earn rewards by guiding the child in the path of religion. It is a tradition, the Prophet Ali, he dispatched the messenger of Allah said: ” You are guided through a single case, but it would be better for you than ruddy precious camels. ”[Sahih Bukhari]

(16) To do justice among the children: Children expect justice from their parents and it is important to do justice between them. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) warned in this regard: “ Fear Allah and do justice to your children. [Sahih Bukhari: 2587]

(17) To refrain from doing things that  Islam does not approve of: If Islam forbids them from doing things that are not allowed, and they still do it. Then, these children will stand against their parents on the Day of Resurrection. The Qur’an says: “ O you who believe! Save yourselves and your families from the fire of Hell. [ Surah At-Tahrim-8 ]

” And those who disbelieve say,” Those who disbelieved will say, “Our Lord, show us those who led us astray—among jinn and humans—and we will trample them under our feet, so they become of the lowest.” ”[ Surah Fussilat-29 ]

(18) Refraining from sinfulness, obscenity, arrogance, subculture: As soon as the child comes into the world, Satan follows him and conspires to lead him to hell in different ways, in different clothes, in different fashions, in different designs, in the name of different teachings. By then parents must be careful and alert in this regard. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “ O you who believe! Some of your spouses and children are your enemies. So beware of them. And if you pardon, turn away, and forgive, then surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful. ”[ Surah Taghabun-14 ]

It is narrated in the hadith from Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him): The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, cursed the woman who wears the dress of a man and the man who wears the dress of a woman. [Sahih Bukhari: 5885]

Narrated ‘Abdullah ibn’ Amr: The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said: ” Whoever is in harmony with other nations will be considered one of them.” [Sunan Abu Dawood: 4031]

(19) Dua and dua: We have to do Dua for our children. Allaah has taught us, Dua, in this way,

The righteous servants of God are those who say: “ O our Lord, grant us wives and children who will cool our eyes. And make us leaders of the pious. [ Surah Al-Furqan-74 ]

Zakariya (peace be upon him) prayed to Allah: “ O my Lord, grant me from You a good offspring. Surely You are the Hearer of prayer. [ Surah Al ‘Imran 36 ]

Dear parents, have we been able to fulfill the rights of the child? Let us raise our children as stepchildren. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “When a person dies, all his deeds cease, but the three deeds do not cease

. Charity continues

  1. The knowledge that can benefit

  2. A good child who prays for him ”[Sahih Muslim: 1831]

May Allah accept our children and grant them the ability to fulfill their rights properly.

related posts

Question: Question from a non-Muslim girl: Who is the God…
Cresta Posts Box by CP

Our content reaches millions on a daily basis. Imagine the rewards of beneficial knowledge. Support our work today.
 Become a Supporter