In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful. All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.
It is universally accepted that smoking has many serious health and life hazards amongst which is lung cancer. These hazards affect not only the smoker himself but those around him as well. Shari`ah has stressed the importance of being in good health to the extent that the
Prophet (PBUH) even advised Muslims of all ages to strike a balance in eating and drinking so as to evade any harmful effects on the health. It is clear that cigarettes contain many harmful ingredients, for example, carbon monoxide, nicotine, tar, and benzene vapor. Therefore, smoking is harmful to the smoker as well as those around him. In his book, “Ninety Nine Harms of Smoking”, Muhammad Abdul Ghaffar Al-Afghani stated that smoking results in many diseases that doctors have explained. These diseases number about ninety nine.
Some of these diseases are as follows:
-Heart attack, lung cancer, shrinking of brain arteries, high blood pressure, angina, digestive and respiratory systems disorder, loss of appetite, smoker cough, feeling of prickly sensation, tuberculosis, numbness in limbs, pain in the nerves, anxiety and even death.
It is also necessary to elucidate the harms of smoking in the hope of saving many intelligent and educated youth, who will be astonished by how much has been written regarding this topic. This fatal illness is the culmination of many illnesses which are the result of thin blood and
other sicknesses that are related to the blood vessels. All these are connected to this loathsome substances. However, lung cancer is the most likely outcome of smoking.
Proof for the prohibition from the Qur’an and the Sunnah
Smoking did not exist in the time of the Prophet (PBUH), but our great religion of Islam has laid down general principles from which many laws are derived. From these principles, Muslim scholars have come to the conclusion that smoking is prohibited (Haram).
In the Qur’an, we read: “And spend in the way of Allah, and do not cast yourself by your own hands to ruin; and do good. Indeed, Allah loves the doers of good.” (Al- Baqarah:195). Smoking causes fatal sicknesses, for example, lung cancer, tuberculosis, etc.
In another verse, Almighty Allah says: “And do not kill yourselves.” (An-Nisaa’: 29). The Prophet (PBUH) is reported to have said: “Whomsoever drinks poison, thereby killing himself, will sip this poison forever in the Hell-Fire.”
Cigarettes consist of many poisonous substances and furthermore, the smoker indulges in a slow suicidal act by smoking this poison.”
Allah Almighty knows best.
Source: Excerpted, with some modification, from an article by Mufti Ibrahim Desai